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Pilonidal Sinus or Cyst?

A pilonidal cyst is a small hole formed near the tailbone. The cyst may also contain dirt and hair, which when infected, causes severe pain, inflammation, and itching. People who have to sit for long hours or do not maintain proper hygiene are more prone to Pilonidal sinus.

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Overview

Pilonidal Sinus
Names of pilonidal sinus in different languages:
  • Pilonidal sinus in Hindi - पाइलोनिडल साइनस
  • Pilonidal sinus in Telugu: పైలో నైడల్ సైనస్
  • Pilonidal sinus in Tamil: பைலோனிடல் சைனஸ்
  • Pilonidal sinus in Bengali - পাইলনডাইল সাইনাস
Home remedies for pilonidal sinus:
  • Take sitz baths
  • Take vitamin c and zinc supplements
  • Use essential oils to soothe the area
  • Apply castor oil to prevent inflammation in the area
  • Stay physically active to improve blood flow
Risk factors for pilonidal sinus:
  • Male sex
  • Sedentary and inactive lifestyle
  • Long hours of sitting
  • Excess body hair
  • Obesity
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Treatment

Diagnosis

The doctor physically examines the pilonidal sinus and inquires about the symptoms and medications you have had for Pilonidal Sinus. A thorough examination is necessary to assess the seriousness of the situation.

Procedure

The doctor physically examines the pilonidal sinus and inquires about the symptoms and medications you have had for Pilonidal Sinus. A thorough examination is necessary to assess the seriousness of the situation.

If the symptoms of Pilonidal sinus keep getting severe with time and all the remedies fail, then reach out to your nearest doctor in Patna. The modern laser-assisted technique to get rid of Pilonidal Sinus are more effective than any other remedies. If your condition has reached a stage where surgery is needed, we advise you to immediately reach out to the best pilonidal sinus doctor for the advanced surgical treatment instead of open surgery. Do not delay the treatment, to avoid any complications.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do I know the difference between fissure, anal fistula and pilonidal sinus?

An anal fissure is a cut or tears in the moist tissue that lines the anus or in the lining of the anal opening which causes severe pain while passing a bowel movement.

An anal fistula is a result of an infection near the anal region causing a collection of pus, also known as an abscess, in the nearby tissue.

Pilonidal Sinus is a painful condition in which cyst is formed near the tailbone or at the upper end of the butt between the two butt cheeks.

Is it possible to drain pilonidal sinus at home?

Although pilonidal sinus or cyst doesn’t cause symptoms and needs to be treated only when infected, it is advisable not to irritate the infected area. You must avoid draining the cyst on your own because it increases the chances of infection. The lack of sterile materials may cause bacteria to enter the wound and cause a systemic infection. Therefore, visit our Pristyn Care specialist if you want professional advice on the treatment of pilonidal cyst.

How to cure pilonidal sinus in 3 days?

Surgery is the only effective treatment that can provide relief from the condition of pilonidal sinus. Medicines and non-surgical treatment approaches for pilonidal sinus do not provide effective results and also take a long time to show results. Laser surgical treatment for pilonidal sinus is an advanced, highly effective and the safest treatment that can cure pilonidal sinus in less than 3 days.

Can pilonidal sinus cause infection?

Yes, if not treated on time, pilonidal sinus can often become infected. Once infected, the sinus may start oozing pus, blood and release foul odor. An infected pilonidal abscess can be extremely painful. The infected pilonidal tract be either surgically removed or treated.

Is pilonidal sinus operation safe?

Yes, pilonidal sinus operation is a very common anorectal surgery. It is safe and if performed under the supervision of a trained and experienced anorectal doctor, surgical approach can be highly effective in treating pilonidal sinus. Laser surgery is the most effective and safe surgical approach for pilonidal sinus treatment.

What is the permanent solution for pilonidal sinus?

Most anorectal surgeons consider surgery to be the permanent and most effective treatment of pilonidal sinus. While other lines of treatment can provide temporary relief or manage the severity of the condition, permanent cure can only be achieved through surgical treatment.

More Questions

Today’s lifestyle has made everyone a couch potato. The majority of the day is spent either sitting or standing. People of Patna were not much aware of pilonidal sinus which is a narrow stretch containing a bunch of hair developing beneath the skin within the buttocks. It is a sort of skin infection which leads to the problem in sitting, standing or making any body movement.

In Patna, this condition mostly affects men and is also common in young adults. It’s more common in people who sit a lot, like cab drivers, people who do desk jobs and shopkeepers that contribute to the majority of the population of Patna which is nearly 57%.

The signs of the infection include:

  • Pain while standing or sitting
  • Swelling or cyst
  • Sore skin around the buttock area
  • Pus or blood from the abscess
  • Foul smell
  • Hair protruding from the lesion
  • Formation of holes in the skin

Laser treatment for pilonidal sinus is the most preferred procedure these days in Patna. The minimally invasive procedure done using laser is painless and no cut surgery. The recovery is fast as you can start walking the same day after the laser surgery. There need not be any change in your toilet patterns. You will probably need time off work, although this depends on how you are feeling and the type of work you do. After laser surgery, you can go back to a normal routine the next day.

Different surgical treatments for pilonidal sinus

Here are the different surgical treatments for pilonidal sinus treatment:

  • Laser pilonidal sinus treatment- Laser surgery for pilonidal sinus is the most effective treatment for pilonidal sinus. During the procedure, the proctologist uses a high-intensity laser beam to close off the sinus tract. The doctor removes the entire pit of the pilonidal sinus so that the infection does not recur. It is an easier and higher precision procedure to perform as compared to the earlier mentioned types of open surgery. The treatment procedure requires only one day of dressing as there are no wounds left behind to heal. The laser energy also promotes the faster healing of the site of the surgery. Thus, it takes a very short time to completely recover from laser surgery for the pilonidal sinus.
  • Incision and drainage- Incision and drainage is an open surgical procedure recommended mostly when the cyst becomes infected. It is performed with local anesthesia to make the affected area numb. The surgeon makes an incision in the cyst to drain the infectious fluid and pus. The doctor packs the hole with gauze and leaves it open to heal. It can take up to 4-6 weeks to heal the cyst completely.
  • Pilonidal cystectomy- Pilonidal cystectomy is the surgical removal of the entire pilonidal cyst. The treatment is performed after administering general/regional anesthesia. The surgeon makes a cut to remove the affected skin along with underlying hair follicles, tissues, and dead cells. If required, the doctor packs the area with surgical gauze. In cases where the infection is severe, the doctor places a tube to drain the fluid from the cyst. The tube is removed when the entire fluid is drained from the cyst.

Are there any risks and complications involved during pilonidal sinus surgery?

If performed under the guidance and supervision of a trained proctologist, surgical treatment for pilonidal sinus will not cause any risks or complications. But, like any other surgery, there might be some complications, although not severe. Some of them are:

  • Trauma and bleeding to the site – If the surgery is not performed efficiently, there can be a chance of the anal tissues getting injured. Trauma and injury to the anal tissues can even lead to bleeding. If the surgery is performed by an experienced surgeon, the chances of any injury can be cut down drastically.
  • Infection – Like any other surgery, infection is a common side effect/ complication in case of pilonidal sinus surgery too. Infection can lead to nausea and vomiting in the person. Infection, however, is not a very serious problem and can be treated with medicines. The chances of infection in case of open surgery is much higher than in laser surgery.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma – A type of skin cancer that occurs due to uncontrolled growth of the squamous cells. The condition is not very common but not unheard of. To prevent such complications, it is extremely important that the surgery is performed by an experienced and trained surgeon.
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