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What are gallstones?

When the excess cholesterol present in the bile turns into crystals, they are called gallstones. The gallstones do not let the gallbladder empty properly. Gallstones are of different sizes and sometimes cause the inflammation of the gallbladder (cholecystitis). If the gallstones form repeatedly, laparoscopic surgery is needed.

Overview

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Gallbladder Stone in Different Languages

Gallbladder stone in Hindi- पित्ताशय की पथरी

Gallbladder stone in Telugu- పిత్తాశయం రాయి

Gallbladder stone in Tamil- பித்தப்பை கல்

Gallbladder stone in Bengali- পিত্ত পাথর

Types of gallstones

Cholesterol stones

Pigment stones

Mixed stones

Complications of untreated gallbladder stones

Inflammation of the gallbladder

Blockage of the common bile duct

Blockage in the pancreatic duct

Gallbladder cancer

Why Pristyn Care?

Most advanced laparoscopic procedure

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Causes

  • Bile contains too much cholesterol
  • Bile contains too much bilirubin
  • Gallbladder doesn't empty correctly
  • Weak digestive system
  • Excess estrogen due to pregnancy or hormone replacement therapy

Symptoms

  • High fever with chills
  • Dark color urine or clay color stools
  • Intense pain in the central abdomen and right shoulder
  • Digestive problems such as heartburn
  • Nausea and vomiting

Treatment

Doctors performing surgery to remove gallbladder stones

Diagnosis

The diagnosis of gallstones by laparoscopic surgeon entails a discussion on patient’s medical history, physical examination as well as lab and imaging tests. During the physical examination, the doctor may check the patient’s body, ask what he or she eats during the day or of the patient feels any pain in the abdomen. The doctor may ask for other tests such as blood tests, Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangitis Pancreatography (ERCP), an Abdominal Ultrasound or a CT scan.

Procedure

The diagnosis of gallstones by laparoscopic surgeon entails a discussion on patient’s medical history, physical examination as well as lab and imaging tests. During the physical examination, the doctor may check the patient’s body, ask what he or she eats during the day or of the patient feels any pain in the abdomen. The doctor may ask for other tests such as blood tests, Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangitis Pancreatography (ERCP), an Abdominal Ultrasound or a CT scan.

The modern laparoscopic procedure to cure gallstones is an advanced surgical method performed with Laparoscope. The gallbladder surgery is performed by making a small incision. Patients are allowed to return home the same day of their surgery, though sometimes a one-night stay in the hospital is needed. In general, you can expect to go home once you’re able to eat and drink without pain and are able to walk unaided. It takes about a week to fully recover.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What happens to gallstones if they are left untreated?

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Is it possible to treat the gallstones at home?

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Is surgery the only cure for gallstones?

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Is there any gallbladder stone remedy in Ayurveda?

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Is medicine for gallstones effective?

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Does gallstone cause heartburn?

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How to test for gallstones at home?

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What is a gallbladder operation called?

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What is the gallstone operation cost in Nagpur?

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What are the factors that affect laparoscopic cholecystectomy cost in Nagpur?

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Is there a permanent cure for gallbladder stones?

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Is it possible to dissolve gallstones?

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Can apple juice help get rid of gallstones?

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What is cholecystoscopy?

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Which doctor to consult for gallbladder stones?

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Where can I find the best gallbladder stone doctor in Nagpur near me?

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Are there any homeopathic medicines for gallbladder stones?

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Which is the best hospital for gallbladder surgery in Nagpur?

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What are the common gallbladder operation complications?

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What are the side effects of gallstones?

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Can infection occur in the gallbladder due to stone?

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Is 1.5 cm (15mm) gallstone big?

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Are gallstones dangerous?

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Can gallbladder stones cause cancer?

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Is it necessary to remove the gallbladder for gallstones treatment?

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What are the different techniques available for gallbladder stone operation?

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Is it safe to remove the gallbladder?

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Will gallbladder removal surgery permanently cure gallstones?

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The daycare treatments are performed by the best doctors for gallstones treatment in Nagpur. The team performs United States Food and Drug Administration (USFDA) certified treatments at Pristyn Care in Nagpur that heals faster and allows a patient to continue normal routine after 2-3 days, with certain precautions. Often, risks are associated, but modern treatments entail fewer complications. The treatments and surgeries performed by gallstone specialists at Pristyn Care in Nagpur are very safe. They are also painless and minimally invasive and offer faster recoveries.

A lot of people who have gallstones don’t know it because they do not experience bad symptoms in the beginning. Most of the time, gallstones are identified when you go for a different health problem test. In women, gallstones are often identified during the time of her pregnancy ultrasound. If a patient has a bad attack, or if someone experiences repeated attacks, they need to get the gallbladder removed. A second attack commonly indicates that you are likely to have future attacks. Several people have their gallbladders removed, and the surgical procedure is quite impressive.

A lot of people who have gallstones don’t know it because they do not experience bad symptoms in the beginning. Most of the time, gallstones are identified when you go for a different health problem test. In women, gallstones are often identified during the time of her pregnancy ultrasound. If a patient has a bad attack, or if someone experiences repeated attacks, they need to get the gallbladder removed. A second attack commonly indicates that you are likely to have future attacks. Several people have their gallbladders removed, and the surgical procedure is quite impressive.

The laser and laparoscopic surgery have made the removal of the gallbladder a daycare procedure. The tissues are cut seamlessly with the laser-assisted treatment for gallstones where postoperative pain is almost nonexistent. Make an appointment with our best gallstones doctor in Nagpur. Our team uses best-in-class medical and technical equipment to diagnose, take care and treat patients with gallbladder problems. Consult with best gallstones doctors and get the specialized daycare treatment of gallstones in Nagpur. The treatments performed by specialists at Pristyn Care are very safe, painless and treats the disease for good.

How do gallstones form?

A gallstone is a stone that forms inside the gallbladder due to precipitated bile components. The presence of gallstones is called cholelithiasis. The common reasons for gallbladder stone formation are:

  • Bile containing too much cholesterol
  • Bile containing excessive bilirubin

In all these cases, the excess cholesterol and bilirubin may start to crystallize and eventually turn into stones. Besides the above-mentioned reasons, there are two other factors that impact gallstone formation. The first one is the frequency and ability of the gallbladder contractions. If the contractions are incomplete and infrequent, the bladder won’t empty properly and cause the bile to become over concentrated. The second factor is the presence of proteins in the liver and bile that either promote or inhibit gallstone formation.

Initially, the size of these stones is equal to a grain of sand. However, it can grow quickly and become as large as a golf ball. Moreover, the gallbladder may contain one or multiple stones of smaller or equal size.

What are the different types of gallbladder stones?

Gallbladder stones are divided into three different types based on their composition. These types are explained below:

  • Cholesterol Stones- It is the most common type of gallstone. Around 35% to 90% of stones present in gallstones are cholesterol stones. They can be light yellow, dark green, brown, or chalk white in color and have an oval shape. Usually, their size is between 2 to 3 cm long, but they can also grow larger if left untreated for a long time.
  • Pigment Stones- This type of gallstone is composed primarily of bilirubin, which is an insoluble bilirubin pigment polymer, and calcium (calcium phosphate) salts present in the bile. Around 2% to 30% of stones present in the gallbladder are bilirubin or pigment stones. They are small and often dark in color.
  • Mixed Stones- Also known as brown pigment stones, they are composed of 20-80% of cholesterol. The rest of the constituents can be calcium carbonate, palmitate phosphate, bilirubin, and other bile pigments, such as calcium bilirubinate, calcium palmitate, and calcium stearate. These types of stones usually form when the biliary tract gets infected.

All these three types of stones can be present in the gallbladder altogether or alone. But in each scenario, you will need proper treatment for them.

Why should gallbladder stones not be left untreated?

When left untreated, gallbladder stones can turn into a serious medical issue. If you don’t take a proactive approach for your health and consult a doctor to remove the stones, it can cause the following complications:

  • Inflammation of the gallbladder(Cholecystitis)- When the stone gets stuck in the bladder, it will cause inflammation, severe pain, and fever.
  • Blockage of the common bile duct- When the stones enter the bile duct and get stuck there, it causes infection in the bile duct, jaundice, and severe pain as well.
  • Blockage in the pancreatic duct- Pancreas is connected to the bile duct directly. Hence, there is a high possibility that the stones can travel to the pancreatic duct as well. If this happens, it will cause inflammation in the pancreas (also known as pancreatitis). Due to the inflammation, you will experience intense and constant pain in the abdomen and may need immediate hospitalization.
  • Gallbladder cancer- Frequent occurrences of gallstones can increase the risk of gallbladder cancer as well. Though it is rare, it is better that you seek proper treatment to reduce the chances of gallbladder cancer.

Ignoring gallbladder stones is not advisable under any circumstances. You should consult a doctor and discuss what you can do to get rid of the stones permanently.

Prevention of Gallbladder Stones

It is mostly our lifestyle that increases the risk of gallbladder stone formation. Therefore, you can prevent gallstones by making the following changes in your daily life:

  • Do not skip meals- Try your best to stick with the usual meal times each day. Skipping meals can cause excess bile secretion and deposition.
  • Lose weight slowly- Being overweight is a risk factor for gallstone development. So, if you are trying to lose weight, take things slow. Don’t push your body to its limits in order to lose weight as rapid weight loss can cause the liver to secrete extra cholesterol, which can further increase the risk of gallstones.
  • Eat high-fiber foods- Foods that are rich in fiber ensure that the levels of bad cholesterol in the body are minimal. Furthermore, fiber keeps the digestive system moving and helps to flush out the bile from the body. Therefore, it is crucial that you add more fiber to your diet.
  • Exercise regularly- It doesn’t necessarily mean that you have to do an extensive workout, being physically active is enough. The less you move, the slower the digestion process will be. As a result, the bile won’t flush out correctly. Invest some time in exercising and leave the sedentary lifestyle behind.
  • Take prescribed medications- People who are at high risk of developing gallstones due to heredity or other factors can take medicines to lower the risk of gallstone formation.

You can talk to a gallstone specialist to find out what else you can do to prevent gallstones.

Dietary Changes for Gallstones

The food items that you eat on a regular basis have a significant impact on the body. If you eat a healthy and balanced diet and combine it with physical activities, it can lower the risk of gallstone development to almost negligible.

According to experts, the ideal diet for gallstones consists of:

  • Fiber-rich foods like fresh fruits and vegetables.
  • Whole grains, including brown rice, oats, whole wheat bread, etc.
  • Fewer refined carbohydrates and less sugar.
  • Healthy fats, such as fish oil and olive oil that helps to contract the gallbladder.

Along with knowing what foods to eat, you should also keep your cravings in check and avoid unhealthy fats, such as desserts and fried foods. Talk to your healthcare provider and ask them to make changes in your diet that will help you avoid gallstones and other health problems as well.

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