During a physical exam, the doctor checks for the bulge in the growing area and you’ll likely be asked to stand and strain or cough. An imaging test like MRI or CT scan, abdominal ultrasound might be prescribed by a doctor in case diagnosis isn't readily apparent.
A 3D mesh hernia surgery is the most advanced treatment option available for a hiatal hernia repair. In a normal mesh repair, a synthetic mesh is used to cover the opening. While in the 3D mesh repair, a mesh made of polymer is used to cover the defect from three sides. This is used to treat large-sized hernias and reduce the risk of recurrence.
In an open surgery, a large incision is made over the defect area and the bulge is pushed back in the abdomen. It is a painful process that may take time to heal too.
The laparoscopic technique is generally recommended and preferred by patients due to its lower recovery time, which is about 1-2 weeks. It is a surgical procedure in which a laparoscope, a telescope-like instrument, is inserted through a small incision in the abdomen. The camera on the laparoscope sends the video to the monitor, using which the specialists perform the surgery. The procedure is performed under general anesthesia.