A comprehensive eye exam is done to check for cataracts in both eyes. Your vision is also assessed during the examination. The standard eye chart test is done for vision. A tonometry test is also done by using a painless puff of air to flatten your cornea and to test the eye pressure. The doctor will also put eye drops to make the pupils bigger so that it will be easier to check the optic nerve and retina at the back of the eye and look for damaged areas. Apart from these, the eye doctor may also check for glare sensitivity or your perception of colors. Through these tests, the doctor will determine whether you have partial, complete, stationary, progressive, hard, or soft cataract and the type of cataract to finalize the treatment method.
Cataract Surgery Procedure
Cataract surgery is the procedure used for the treatment of cataracts.
MICS - Micro incision cataract surgery (MICS) is an approach to remove cataracts through an incision less than 1.8 mm. The purpose of the surgery is to improve the outcome of the surgery. MICS has been relied on to be a minimally traumatic surgery that offers better postoperative outcomes. In this sophisticated cataract surgery, a high degree of surgical precision and innovation is used. Advantages of MICS include:
- Smaller incision
- Decreased chances of surgically induced astigmatism
- Faster recovery of vision
- Faster healing
FLACS - Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) is a recent development in the field of cataract surgery. FLACS carries lesser risks compared to non-FLACS small incision phacoemulsification cataract surgery. Compared to manual techniques, FLACS can offer a greater level of precision and repeatability for certain tissue planes. Phacoemulsification, or phaco - In this process, a small incision is made on the side of the cornea. The ophthalmologist will then insert a tiny probe into the eye. The device will emit ultrasound waves to soften and break the lens. The broken parts are then removed by suction.