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What is abortion?

Abortion is the termination of unwanted pregnancy, and there are two types of abortions: medical abortion and surgical abortion. Medical abortion, also called medical termination of pregnancy, involves the usage of medicines or a combination of drugs to terminate the pregnancy. Surgical abortion, also known as surgical termination of pregnancy, is a procedure during which the obstetrician-gynecologist uses surgical instruments to remove the pregnancy from the uterus.

Overview

TAGS

Options for abortions in India

Medical Termination of Pregnancy

Surgical Termination of Pregnancy

Legal limit for Abortion In India

According to MTP Amendment Act 2021, abortion can be performed until 24 weeks of pregnancy.

Legal clauses for abortion in India

Grave risk to mother’s physical or mental health

Genetic abnormalities in the fetus

Failure of contraception (birth control)

If the pregnancy is a result of sexual assault, such as rape (allowed until 24 weeks)

Documents required for abortion

Age proof (18+)

Written consent of the patient

Why Pristyn Care

Confidential consultations

Expert doctors

Free cab pickup and drop

Dedicated care buddy

Covid free hospital, doctors and staff

Treatment

Physical examination for Termination of Pregnancy

Diagnosis

Medical MTP & Surgical MTP: For 0 to 7 weeks of gestation period, pregnancy can be terminated with the use of oral medication.

Surgical MTP: For a woman who is in 7 to 12 weeks of gestation period, abortion by surgical procedure is the only option. It is a completely safe procedure performed by gynecologist with several years of practise in the same. It is very essential for a female to choose a certified and registered clinic and an experienced gynecologist for MTP.

Mini Delivery: Women who are 12 to 21 weeks pregnant have to undergo an abortion procedure called “Mini Delivery”.

Surgery

The female is given a general anesthesia before the surgery. The female is then asked to stay in a lithotomy position. The doctor then cleans the vaginal area with an antiseptic solution such as Betadine. The gynecologist then positions a speculum into the vagina in order to widely open it up.

A hollow tube i.e. cannula is then passed into the uterus. A hollow tube attaches the cannula to a bottle and a pump which provides a gentle vacuum inside the uterus to remove tissues from the inside.

A curved surgical instrument called curette is used to gently pull out the lining of the uterus and remove tissues from the uterus during the D&E procedure. The gynecologist then examines to make sure that all of the tissues have been removed and then the procedure is successful.

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Frequently Asked Questions

How long does it take to recover after the MTP surgery?

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Are the results of the MTP procedure guaranteed?

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Are there any complications of incomplete abortion?

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Is it legal for an unmarried woman to undergo an abortion?

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Will I bleed a lot after undergoing surgical abortion?

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Is it safe to undergo surgical abortion after an incomplete miscarriage?

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Can molar pregnancy be removed with surgical abortion?

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Do I need bed rest after undergoing surgical abortion?

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How can I ensure the safety of my abortion?

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MTP Surgery in Ahmedabad

Pristyn Care is a patient-centric healthcare provider, with best and uncompromised services and a fast establishing healthcare ecosystem in India. Our clinics are fully equipped with modern amenities, the latest technology and medical diagnostic equipment along with therapeutic technologies. Get an appointment with the best gynecologists in Ahmedabad by dialing Pristyn Care’s number. 

Medical Abortion in Ahmedabad

Gynecologists and surgeons at Pristyn Care are qualified and certified to perform MTP in Ahmedabad.. With several experience in the same field, Pristyn Care’s doctors are the best to get abortion in Ahmedabad. Our medical coordinators are available 24/7 to assist the patients and solve their concerns and grievances in whatever way they can. Patient is always kept on priority at Pristyn Care. Get in touch with the medical advisors in Ahmedabad to visit the best gynecologists in for MTP.

Preparation Before Surgical Abortion

Before a surgical abortion, your OB-GYN evaluates your past health, including the medicines you are taking. Apart from that, the OB-GYN may do the following:-

  • Physical exam, including a pelvic exam to evaluate your health, how long you have been pregnant, the location as well as the health of the embryo or fetus.
  • An ultrasound to confirm how far along and where the pregnancy is. Your OB-GYN will explain the procedure, possible complications, and when to call your doctor.
  • You may also discuss your decision to have an abortion and your feelings about it. You could also discuss your plans for future pregnancies and birth control use.

Follow-up exam after a surgical abortion

A follow-up exam is done usually about 2 weeks after the surgical abortion. The exam may include the following:-

  • A blood test to check for anemia
  • A physical exam to check the condition of the cervix and the uterus
  • A test to check for human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) levels

Apart from all the above, you may discuss the use of birth control. If birth control measures were started just after the abortion, the proper use of the method can be discussed again.

Also, you can ask all the questions that you have to your OB-GYN if you had an intrauterine device (IUD) inserted at the time of the surgical abortion.

Benefits of Surgical Termination of Pregnancy(STP)

Surgical abortion is considered the best method to terminate an unwanted pregnancy when MTP fails or pregnancy exceeds 9 weeks. Following are the best USPs if choosing surgical abortion:-

  • Effective method 99% of surgical abortions are successful
  • only about 1% of the women need a repeat procedure or other medical intervention for complete abortion.
  • No risk of complications The risk of complications during or after a surgical abortion is almost zero. However, you must ensure that you choose an experienced and skilled ob-gynecologist for this procedure.
  • Daycare procedure A surgical abortion is a daycare procedure where the patient doesn’t need to stay in the hospital. Usually, the doctor discharges the patient just after a few hours of the procedure.
  • Precise procedure Surgical termination of pregnancy is a precise procedure. The surgical abortion hardly takes around 15-20 minutes to complete. This way to terminate the pregnancy is the best method for those who want to get rid of their unwanted pregnancies in just one day.
  • Minimal bleeding As compared to Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP), surgical abortion involves minimal bleeding. If you are suffering from blood-related complications or are scared of bleeding, surgical abortion can be the best option for you.
  • Quick recovery Most women return to their daily routine just after 1-2 days of their surgical abortion. After the surgical abortion, you may have cramps and light bleeding for a few days.

 Also, to recover quickly, you should avoid sexual intercourse for at least 1 week, or longer as advised by your doctor. When you start having sexual intercourse again, make sure you use birth control and condom to prevent infection. 

Care Ater Undergoing Surgical Abortion

After the surgical abortion, the OB-GYN will check your vital signs such as heart rate, breathing, and blood pressure to make sure that everything is normal.

After that, the OB-GYN checks the bleeding is not excessive and uterine contractions are normal. The OB-GYN also checks that the side effects from anesthesia are not causing problems.

The OB-GYN may also prescribe you certain medicines. This may include the following:-

  • Antibiotics to prevent infection
  • Medicines that cause uterine contractions to empty the uterus and reduce bleeding.
  • The OB-GYN gives Rh immunoglobulin to all the women who have Rh-negative blood type as it prevents Rh sensitization after abortion.
  • Pain medicines for pain and cramping caused by uterine contractions.

Apart from all that, the OB-GYN may also prescribe certain medicines to treat nausea and vomiting.

Care At Home After Surgical Abortion

After undergoing a surgical abortion, you should follow all the instructions given by your OB-GYN.

 Also, you should talk to your doctor about what to expect at home after undergoing a surgical abortion.

 You can follow these instructions:-

  • You can return to your daily routine within 1-2 days of the surgical abortion.
  • Avoid all strenuous physical activities for the first week of your abortion.
  • Don’t have sexual intercourse for at least one week or longer as advised by your doctor.
  • When you start your sexual intercourse, use birth control and condoms to prevent the risk of infection and unwanted pregnancy.
  • Don’t rinse the vagina with fluids (douche) as it increases the risk of infections that can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease.

 You may experience certain symptoms after undergoing a surgical abortion, including irregular bleeding, spotting, and/or cramping for the first 1-2 weeks. Some women may have cramping such as menstrual cramping for as long as 6 weeks.

When to visit your doctor after surgical abortion

If you experience any of the following symptoms or complications after undergoing a surgical abortion, you should immediately contact your OB-GYN and discuss your problems:-

  • If heavy bleeding continues for more than 12 hours.
  • If your bleeding is soaking more than two large pads in an hour, for 2 hours in a row.
  • Passing clots that last for two or more hours.
  • Signs of infections in your whole body include headache, muscle aches, dizziness, or a general feeling of illness.
  • Excruciating pain in the belly is not relieved by pain medicine, rest, or heat.
  • Hot flushes or fever of 100.4°F (38°C) or higher lasts more than 4 hours.
  • Vomiting lasting more than 4-6 hours.
  • Sudden belly swelling or increased heart rate.
  • Swelling, redness, or pain in the genital region.
  • Vaginal discharge that has increased in volume or smells bad.

 Call your OB-GYN immediately if you have any of these symptoms after undergoing a surgical abortion:-

  • Bleeding (not spotting) for longer than two weeks.
  • New or unexplained symptoms may occur due to medicines you use in your treatment
  • No menstrual period within six weeks after the abortion.
  • Signs and symptoms of depression. Hormonal changes after abortion may cause depression that requires proper treatment.
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