Seeing blood in urine can be alarming. While in many cases this is harmless, blood in the urine is also known as hematuria which can indicate a serious disorder. The blood which you see is called gross hematuria. Urinary blood is found under a microscope when the doctor checks your urine. It’s important to determine the reason for the bleeding.
Hematuria produces red, pink urine because of the presence of red blood cells. Red urine is produced because of the little blood and the bleeding is not painful. If you pass blood clots in urine then it can be painful.
In hematuria, the kidneys or other parts of the urinary tract allow the blood cells to leak into urine. There are various problems which can cause this leakage:
- Urinary tract infections: These happen when the bacteria enter your body via the urethra and multiply in the bladder. Symptoms can include persistent urge to urinate, burning with urination and strong-smelling urine. For some people, mainly older adults have the only sign of illness which might be microscopic blood in the urine.
- Infections in kidneys: These occur when the bacteria enter your kidneys from the bloodstream to your kidneys. Symptoms are often similar to bladder infections, kidney infections are likely to cause flank pain.
- Kidney stone: The minerals in concentrated urine form crystals on the walls of the bladder. The crystals can become hard. These stones are painless, you won’t know unless they will cause a blockage. Kidney stones can cause microscopic and gross bleeding.
- Enlarged prostate: The prostate gland which is present just under the bladder and surrounds the top part of the urethra, often enlarges as men approach their middle age. The symptoms of an enlarged prostate include difficulty urinating, microscopic blood in the urine, urgent need to urinate. Infection of the prostate causes the same symptoms.
- Cancer: Urinary bleeding can be a sign of prostate cancer. You may not have any signs in the early stages when these cancers are more treatable.
- Inherited disorders: If you are suffering from sickle cell anemia which causes blood in the urine.
- Strenuous exercise: This may be because of trauma to the bladder, breakdown of red blood cells which occurs with aerobic exercise.
These are the following test which plays a key role in finding a cause for blood in the urine:
- Physical exam, which includes a review of your medical history.
- Urine tests: Even the bleeding was discovered via the urine testing, you might have another test to see if the urine still has red blood cells. A urinalysis can also check for urinary tract infection which causes kidney stones.
- Cystoscopy: The doctor will thread a narrow tube which is fitted with a tiny camera into the bladder to check the bladder for signs of disease.
Depending on the condition which causes your hematuria, treatment will involve taking antibiotics to clear any urinary tract infection, using prescription medication to shrink an enlarged prostate or giving shock wave therapy to break up the stones. If there is tumor in bladder then treatment is determined by the type of cancer and how much the cancer has spread, as well as it also depends on the patient’s age, personal preferences. The types of treatments are surgery, radiation therapy, immunotherapy and chemotherapy. If you are suffering from bleeding disorders then treatment will depend on the specific type of bleeding disorder. Patients suffering from hemophilia can get treated with the infusion of clotting factors.
You should switch to less-intense exercise program. You can prevent other forms of hematuria by following a lifestyle which will improve your urinary tract:
- Stay hydrated, drink around 10 glasses of fluid daily.
- Avoid smoking, which is linked with urinary tract disorders.
Also Read: 8 Signs that you have Kidney Stones