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What is rectal prolapse?

Rectal prolapse is a condition where the rectum protrudes from its normal position towards or outside the anus. Rectum is the last part of the large intestine and the opening through which stool exits the anus. Rectal prolapse can further cause fecal incontinence. Sometimes it can be treated with stool softeners and other medication. However, in serious conditions, it needs surgery to get repaired.

Overview

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  • Risks
  • Why Pristyn Care?
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Risks

 

Damage to the rectum

 

Death of the tissues of the rectum (gangrene)

 

Rectal bleeding

 

Bowel obstruction

 

Recurrence of rectal prolapse

 

Development of fecal incontinence

 

Narrowing of anal opening

 

Fistula

 

Worsening or development of constipation

Causes

Chronic constipation or chronic diarrhea

Long-term history of straining during bowel movement

Injury to pelvic area or anal region

Weak anal sphincter

Malnutrition

Aging

Damage to nerves - pregnancy or spinal injury

Other diseases or conditions such as diabetes, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), hysterectomy, infection in the intestine

Anal intercourse

Symptoms

Fecal incontinence

Leakage of blood or pus from the anus

Anal pain, itching, burning and bleeding

Feeling of not being able to empty the bowels completely

Red tissues that protrude out of the anus

Treatment

Diagnosis

The doctor will ask about your medical history, symptoms and past surgeries, if any. The doctor will also conduct a physical examination and may ask you to squat, strain or to mimic bowel movement. The doctor will insert a gloved finger into the anus to check the strength of the rectum and anal sphincter. He may ask you to get a colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy or anal ultrasound to check for ulcers, polyps or tumors.

Surgery

There are two surgical procedures to treat rectal prolapse:

  • Abdominal Repair through Open Surgery: In this approach, the doctor makes an incision in the abdominal area. It is usually performed under general anesthesia. The doctor places the rectum back in place. The surgeon may also remove a part of the colon in case of patients with chronic constipation.
  • Laparoscopic rectopexy: This is another approach to treat rectal prolapse where the rectum is restored to its original position in the pelvis. It no longer protrudes into the anal region. The doctor makes small incisions in the abdomen and inserts a laparoscope. A laparoscope has a camera attached on top of it that will project the images of the internal structure on the monitor. The surgeon locates the sigmoid in the colon and rectum. The rectum is freed from its surroundings and lifted gently to its position. In some cases the doctor may remove a part of rectum, which he will discuss before the surgery itself. A mesh may or may not be placed to strengthen the area, depending on the condition. Finally, the incisions are closed with adhesive glue.

Why Pristyn Care ?

Pristyn Care is COVID-19 safe

Pristyn Care is COVID-19 safe

Your safety is taken care of by thermal screening, social distancing, sanitized clinics and hospital rooms, sterilized surgical equipment and mandatory PPE kits during surgery.

Assisted Surgery Experience

Assisted Surgery Experience

A dedicated Medical Coordinator assists you throughout the surgery journey from insurance paperwork, to free commute from home to hospital & back and admission-discharge process at the hospital.

Medical Expertise With Technology

Medical Expertise With Technology

Our surgeons spend a lot of time with you to diagnose your condition. You are assisted in all pre-surgery medical diagnostics. We offer advanced laser and laparoscopic surgical treatment. Our procedures are USFDA approved.

Post Surgery Care

Post Surgery Care

We offer free follow-up consultations and instructions including dietary tips as well as exercises to every patient to ensure they have a smooth recovery to their daily routines.

Pristyn Care in Numbers

60K+Happy Patients
80+Clinics
22+Cities
20K+Surgeries
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400+Hospitals

Frequently Asked Questions

How does a rectal prolapse look like?

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What are the factors responsible for rectal prolapse?

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Can rectal prolapse heal on its own?

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Is it possible to prevent rectal prolapse?

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What happens if rectal prolapse is left untreated?

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What are the types of rectal prolapse?

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Is it possible to fix rectal prolapse at home?

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What is the difference between hemorrhoids and rectal prolapse?

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Fast Facts on Rectal Prolapse

  • Rectal prolapse is common in adults with long-term chronic constipation.
  • It is more common in women than in men, especially over 50 years.
  • People who have partial or complete rectal prolapse need surgery for treatment.

Prevention

  • Avoid constipation
  • Include fiber diet such as fruits, vegetables
  • Exercise to strengthen pelvic area
  • Avoid processed food, refined sugar in your diet
  • Drink plenty of water and fluids

Types of Rectal Prolapse

There are three types of rectal prolapse:

  • Internal Prolapse: The rectum starts to slip but does not extend to anus. It may usually happen in adults due to other intestinal problems such as polyp, tumor or other intestinal tissue growth.
  • Partial Prolapse: It is also known as mucosal prolapse. The part rectum moves out of place and usually sticks to the anus. This happens when you strain during a bowel movement.
  • Complete prolapse: The complete wall of rectum falls down from its place and extends out of the anus. In this case, the prolapsed tissues may remain outside all the time.

Homeopathic Medicines for Prolapsed Rectum

Homeopathic medicine may help relieve the symptoms of rectal prolapse

  • Podophyllum: Homeopathic medicine that helps when rectum prolapse occurs while passing stool.
  • Ignatia: This medicine is given when rectum prolapse occurs even with soft stool.
  • Ruta Graveolens: When prolapse occurs after straining or post-delivery.
  • Aesculius hippo: This is prescribed when rectal prolapse is due to chronic piles.

Ayurvedic Medicines for Prolapse of Rectum

Though doctors recommend surgery to treat rectal prolapse, Ayurvedic medicines ensure that you do not get rectal prolapse in the future. The medicines include:

  • Mushika Taila: This oil is applied to the prolapsed area and bandage is tied to keep it intact at its position.
  • Triphala: This has astringent properties that heals the wound.
  • Changeri Grita: This treats the symptoms of prolapsed rectum such as diarrhea, bloating, piles, malabsorption syndrome.
  • Bola Parpati: It helps treat the bleeding disorder.
  • Ashokarishta: This is usually for women suffering from issues of heavy periods, menstrual pain due to rectal prolapse. It provides great relief.
  • Aravindasava: It improves digestion and strengthens the muscles.
  • Kutajarishta: It can be consumed on a regular basis to relieve the persistent effects of fever and malabsorption syndrome.
  • Manibhadra Kuta: This Ayurvedic medicine is for those who suffer from intestinal worms.

Rectal Prolapse vs Hemorrhoids

There is a frequently asked question, “Is rectal prolapse another name for hemorrhoids?” The answer is “No”. Hemorrhoids are swollen blood vessels that develop in or around anal region. Whereas, rectal prolapse is falling of rectum towards the anus. At initial stage, rectal prolapse may look like hemorrhoids. It is important to consult a doctor in such situations.

Exercise Tips

  • Pelvic floor exercise supports you rectum and hold it in the correct position.
  • Perform kegel exercises early in the day.
  • After a bowel movement, always draw up your pelvic floor muscles.
  • Pelvic floor exercises must be in the upright position.
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