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What is Hydrocele?

A hydrocele is a condition that involves swelling of the scrotum. The scrotum is a thin sac that holds the testicles. Hydrocele occurs when too much fluid builds up inside the sac. This is common in newborns but older boys and men can get it as well. Though the condition sounds serious or painful, it isn’t. Also, it won’t cause any serious complications. Besides, it even goes away on its own, however, if you are a parent and your kid has the condition, you better consult with a doctor. There are two types of hydrocele:

Non-communicating hydrocele: It is when the sac closes like normal, but the body doesn’t absorb the fluid inside it.

Communicating hydrocele: It is when the sac doesn’t seal and cause swelling to the scrotum.



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Why Painless Treatment?


No cuts, No stitch, No hydrocele


30 Min procedure | 1 day discharge


*Join work in 48 hours


Most effective treatment


Infection in testicle




Scrotal Swelling and Inflammation

Pain in the scrotal region

Feeling of heaviness



To better diagnose the condition, the expert doctor will have to perform a physical exam. If you have a hydrocele or your kid has it, you may find the scrotum is swollen. The doctor can also check for tenderness in the scrotum. If the fluid is present, the scrotum will allow light transmission. Also, an expert doctor may apply pressure to the abdomen to check for other underlying conditions. The doctor may also ask you to cough or may take a blood or urine sample to test.


The problem of hydrocele goes away on its own in infants when they are 8 - 10 months. But, if somehow it gets bigger, the best urologist can help in the treatment of hydrocele. If a patient has communicating hydrocele, the best hydrocele doctor may suggest surgery. The Urologist can remove a hydrocele in a brief procedure called a Hydrocelectomy. The patient will be given medicine to numb the body, afterward, the laser surgeon performs a minimally invasive treatment of hydrocele. Once the modern and advanced procedure is finished, the patient can go home the same day.

Why Pristyn Care ?

Pristyn Care is COVID-19 safe

Pristyn Care is COVID-19 safe

Your safety is taken care of by thermal screening, social distancing, sanitized clinics and hospital rooms, sterilized surgical equipment and mandatory PPE kits during surgery.

Assisted Surgery Experience

Assisted Surgery Experience

A dedicated Medical Coordinator assists you throughout the surgery journey from insurance paperwork, to free commute from home to hospital & back and admission-discharge process at the hospital.

Medical Expertise With Technology

Medical Expertise With Technology

Our surgeons spend a lot of time with you to diagnose your condition. You are assisted in all pre-surgery medical diagnostics. We offer advanced laser and laparoscopic surgical treatment. Our procedures are USFDA approved.

Post Surgery Care

Post Surgery Care

We offer free follow-up consultations and instructions including dietary tips as well as exercises to every patient to ensure they have a smooth recovery to their daily routines.

Pristyn Care in Numbers

60K+Happy Patients

Frequently Asked Questions

Is hydrocele surgery a major surgery or minor surgery?

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Hydrocele Overview

Accumulation of fluid around the testicles is known as Hydrocele.  The fluid may surround one or both testicles. Hydrocele repair is the process to treat swelling and inflammation of the scrotum during hydrocele. It is not painful but it gets enlarged with time. To be on the safe side, it is always advised to seek consultation with a doctor. 

Fast Facts on Hy...

  1. Hydrocele is commonly found in newborns, which disappears within the first 1 to 2 years of life without any treatment.

  2. Hydrocele may also develop in boys and adult men due to any injury within the scrotum.

  3. It is not fatal. It is usually painless and may not cause any discomfort.

  4. Hydrocele requires surgery as it may get severe with time. 


There is no way you can protect congenital hydrocele in babies. However, in adults, you can take precautions to protect it from injury. 

Types of Hydrocele

There are two types of hydrocele:

    • Non-communicating Hydrocele

    This occurs when the fluid-filled sac closes, but the body fails to absorb the fluid. 

    • Communicating Hydrocele

    It happens when the sac filled with fluid does not seal. The fluid tends to flow in and out. The swelling may increase with time in case of communicating hydrocele. 

Treatment of Hydrocele

Surgery for Hydrocele

In a baby boy:
  • The surgeon makes a small surgical cut in the groin and drains the fluid. The hydrocele containing the fluid may be removed. The surgeon strengthens the abdominal wall with stitches. It is known as hernia repair.

  • Sometimes, the surgeon uses a laparoscope to perform the procedure. A laparoscope is a telescope-like instrument with a tiny camera that the surgeon inserts into the area through a small surgical cut. The camera gives a clear view of the internal structure on the video monitor. The surgeon repairs hydrocele with small instruments that are inserted through other small surgical cuts.


Hydrocele may not go away on its own so the doctor recommends hydrocelectomy. It is an outpatient procedure that is performed under general anesthesia. It can be done in two ways:

  1. Open Surgery

  2. Laser Surgery

Open Surgery

In this process, the doctor makes an incision in the scrotum or lower abdomen and the hydrocele is removed. You might need a tube to drain the fluid. 

Laser surgery

It is a minimally invasive procedure where the blood vessels are sealed after repair with minimum blood loss. There is minimal scarring and negligible post-surgery complications with effective hydrocele ablation. It is preferred over open surgery. 

  • Needle Drainage

The doctor drains the fluid with the help of a needle and a syringe. The fluid may get refilled after a few months with this process. This is an ongoing process and is recommended to those who are not fit to undergo surgery. 

  • Sclerotherapy

In this process, the injection is given to stop the hydrocele from recurring after fluid drainage. It may not be the right treatment option for everyone. 


Hydrocele is not life-threatening and usually does not affect fertility. Possible complications of hydrocele surgery, if you do not choose the right treatment, may be:

  • Infection

  • Blood clots

  • Injury 

Risk Factors

Premature babies are at higher risk of being born with hydrocele. At later stages the risk may include:

  • Injury or swelling in the scrotum

  • Infection, including sexually transmitted infection

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