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What is hydrocele?

A hydrocele is a condition that occurs due to the accumulation of fluids in the scrotum, around the testicles. Usually, it is not dangerous but, in rare cases it can cause pain and discomfort due to the decrease of blood supply to the penis which might require immediate treatment to avoid severe complications such as testicular cancer.

hydrocele formation

How does it form?

A hydrocele is a common condition among newborn babies. In babies, it develops in the womb, when the passage that allows the testicles to move from the abdomen to the scrotum fails to close completely and usually disappears without treatment within a few months. However, older boys and adult men may also develop a hydrocele due to an injury or inflammation that is caused by an infection within the scrotum.

Types of hydrocele

Communicating hydrocele

Communicating hydrocele

Non-communicating hydrocele

Non-communicating hydrocele


  • Congenital
  • Injury to the scrotum
  • Inflammation caused by infection in the scrotum


  • Swelling in the scrotum
  • Feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
  • Causes pain


  • Blood Test: You will be required to go for a blood test in order to determine your complete blood count. Blood test helps in detecting possible infections such as epididymitis.


  • Urine test: In order to ascertain the cause of hydrocele and determine if there is an underlying infection, you will be required to go for a urine test.

  • Ultrasound: The doctor may ask you to go for an ultrasound to rule out possible  complications like hernias, tumors, or any other cause of scrotal swelling.
Test of Hydrocele

  • Prevention of Hydrocele


    Prevention of Hydrocele

    There is no proven way to prevent the occurence of a hydrocele in a baby. In the case of adults, the best way to prevent a hydrocele is by keeping the scrotum or testicles free from an injury by wearing certain protective gears while performing strenuous physical activities. Although hydroceles may not cause any discomfort, you should consult a doctor if you are experiencing  any abnormality or swelling in the scrotum.

  • lesser-known-facts

    Lesser known facts about hydroceles

    • Nearly 10% of newborn babies are born with a hydrocele.
    • According to a study conducted in 2009, there are 26.79 million cases of hydrocele worldwide and 48% of these cases are in India.
    • According to WHO, 25 million men are estimated to be diagnosed with this condition worldwide. 
    • A giant hydrocele can contain more than 1000ml of fluids.

When to see a hydrocele doctor?

A condition of hydrocele might not cause any sort of discomfort and may often disappear with time without any prior treatment. However, in certain cases where a scrotal swelling is prevalent, you may consider seeking medical help to rule out other causes of the swelling that might require immediate treatment. Delaying proper treatment of hydrocele can lead to complications that can be severe.

Questions to ask your doctor

Should I be worried about the condition?
Are there any chances that I may have another condition?
Do I need an immediate treatment for my hydrocele?
What are the treatment options available to me?
How can I help myself/my child stay comfortable?
Are there any chances of the hydrocele affecting my fertility?
Given my conditions, how long can I wait for the surgery?
What are the measures I can take to avoid possible complications?
Do the signs and symptoms indicate that I need an immediate treatment?
Are there any restrictions that I should follow?

Treatment Options & Cost

  • Aspiration and Sclerotherapy: Aspiration is a minimally-invasive procedure that involves the injecting of a needle into the hydrocele for withdrawing the fluid. After the fluid is removed, the doctor injects a sclerosing agent that uses a combination of sodium tetradecyl sulphate (STDS) inside the sack around the testicle. This helps in preventing the fluid build up. 

This procedure is commonly performed on men who are at a higher risk of complications during surgery. However, there is a slight chance that the hydrocele may come back within months, which would require another round of aspiration and sclerotherapy. 

Hydrocele insurance

Insurance coverage

Like most of the surgeries, a hydrocele repair surgery is covered under insurance at Pristyn Care. To find out more about the insurance coverage, you can get in touch with our medical coordinators. We have an insurance team to look after all your documents and assist you in the claim process.

Hydrocele insurance
Recovery rate of Hydrocele

Recovery rate

After the surgery, you may experience bruising or swelling in your groin or scrotum and this would usually get better in 2 to 3 weeks. A hydrocelectomy is an effective treatment for hydrocele, and there is barely any major complications post-surgery. The procedure is minimally painful and the recovery after the procedure is also very quick. You can get back to performing your daily activities within a week. However, you will have to avoid performing strenuous activities like straddling, riding a bike, or cycling in order to prevent possible complications for a few weeks post-surgery.

Recovery rate of Hydrocele

Experts Say


Who should I consult for treating a hydrocele?

You can consult a general surgeon or urologist to seek treatment for your hydrocele.

How can I treat the swelling of a hydrocele at home?

Home remedies to treat the swelling caused by a hydrocele include:

  • Avoiding strenuous activities
  • Using ice packs to relieve the swelling
  • Wearing protective gears
  • Following the doctor’s instructions properly
  • Taking a warm bath by adding at least a few cups of epsom salt 
  • Including lots of fruits and boiled vegetables in your diet
Can a hydrocele rupture?

In rare cases, due to increased intrascrotal pressure or trauma, hydroceles may burst, resulting in a decompression of the hydrocele.

Should I get my hydroceles removed?

Often a condition of hydrocele resolves without treatment. However, if a hydrocele continues to enlarge, it can cause swelling, pain, and discomfort in the scrotum and may require a surgical repair to prevent further complications. 

Will I be able to exercise with a hydrocele?

Exercising is always a healthy way to treat most conditions. However, in the case of hydrocele, you should try to avoid strenuous exercises or yoga asanas that may exert pressure on the scrotum.

Can hydrocele cause hernia?

A hydrocele occurs when fluids collect in the scrotum, causing it to swell. There is a chance that this swelling may be accompanied by a hernia.

What is the best treatment for hydrocele?

Hydrocelectomy is the safest and most effective treatment of hydrocele as it ensures a permanent treatment of the condition with no postoperative complications involved.

How long does a procedure of hydrocelectomy take?

It takes about 30 minutes for a procedure of hydrocelectomy to complete.

Can I go home on the same day after hydrocele surgery?

A hydrocelectomy is usually a day-care procedure and you can expect to go home in 6 to 12 hours after the surgery, depending upon your overall health conditions.

Can a hydrocele return after surgery?

Hydrocelectomy is usually a very successful procedure and major complications are very rare. However, there are rare chances that a hydrocele might return if the channels through which the testicles descend reopens or are not closed properly. This results in the accumulation of fluids and can cause them to move from the abdomen to the scrotum. Hydroceles can also reappear if there is an inflammation or injury in the scrotum or along the channel.

Facts and statistics around Hydrocele

  • Hydrocele has a common occurrence among men aged over 40 years.
  • The largest recorded hydrocele weighed at 60.1kg (132.5 pounds). 
  • The incidence of hydroceles in India and other tropical countries is much higher due to the prevalence of filarial infections that are spread by blood feeding insects such as black flies and mosquitoes.
  • In India, states like Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Kerala, Orissa and Tamil Nadu contribute to about 95% of the total cases in the country.


Why choose Pristyn Care for treating hydrocele?

  • Pristyn Care houses some of the best urologists in the country who have more than 8 years of experience in delivering surgery for treating hydroceles with a proven success rate.
  • Pristyn Care is associated with the top hospitals in the country that are equipped with state-of-the-art facilities required to perform advanced treatment for hydrocele.
  • Urologists/General Surgeons working with Pristyn Care do a thorough consultation in the case of every patient to understand the health condition and then determine the minimally-invasive approach to treat your hydrocele.
  • To ease out the commuting process for our patients, we also provide free cab facilities to bring you from home to the hospital and help you return back home after the surgery.
  • Pristyn Care also provides a free cab facility to ensure proper treatment of the patient. You will be picked up from your home to the hospital and on the completion of your surgery, you will also be dropped off at home.
  • A free-of-cost follow up is provided to every patient within the first seven days of the surgery.


How to book an appointment with urologists at Pristyn Care?

Every surgery at Pristyn Care is done using the most advanced and USFDA-approved medical technology and equipment. Being one of the leading health tech startups in India, dedicated to simplifying the surgical experience of every patient, we provide end-to-end facilities to our patients and give complete assistance in their treatment journey. Pristyn Care ensures that a patient has a care-filled and hassle-free experience. You can book an appointment and get in touch with our doctors virtually from the comfort of your home or anywhere by dialing on the given numbers or by filling up the ‘Book Appointment’ form below. 

     During the initial consultation, the doctor will have a detailed discussion with you and will carry out a diagnosis of your condition. After a thorough assessment, the doctor will come up with the best treatment plan for you and take you through all the necessary steps to get your hydrocele treated in the most effective way.

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