Table Of Index


What is hydrocele?

A hydrocele is a condition that occurs due to the accumulation of fluids in the scrotum, around the testicles. Usually it is not dangerous but, in rare cases it can cause pain due to the decrease of blood supply to the penis which might require immediate treatment to avoid severe complications such as testicular cancer.

hydrocele formation

How does it form?

A hydrocele is a common condition among newborn babies. In babies, it develops in the womb, when the passage that allows the testicles to move from the abdomen to the scrotum fails to close completely and usually disappears without treatment within a few months. However, older boys and adult men may also develop a hydrocele due to an injury or inflammation that is caused by an infection within the scrotum.

Types of hydrocele

Communicating hydrocele

Communicating hydrocele

Non-communicating hydrocele

Non-communicating hydrocele


  • Congenital
  • Injury to the scrotum
  • Inflammation caused by infection in the scrotum


  • Swelling in the scrotum
  • Feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
  • Painless


  • Blood Test: You will be required to go for a blood test in order to determine your complete blood count. Blood test helps in detecting possible infections such as epididymitis.


  • Urine test: In order to ascertain the cause of hydrocele and determine if there is an underlying infection, you will be required to go for a urine test.

  • Ultrasound: The doctor may ask you to go for an ultrasound to rule out possible  complications like hernias, tumors, or any other cause of scrotal swelling.
Test of Hydrocele

Risks and complications

  • Allergic reactions to the anaesthesia
  • Damage to the nerves
  • Infection 
  • Blood clots or excessive bleeding
  • Injury to the tsticle and nearby structures

When to see a hydrocele doctor?

A condition of hydrocele might not cause any sort of discomfort and may often disappear with time without any prior treatment. However, in certain cases where a scrotal swelling is prevalent, you may consider seeking medical help to rule out other causes of the swelling that might require immediate treatment. Delaying proper treatment of hydrocele can lead to complications that can be severe.

Questions to ask your doctor

Should I be worried about the condition?
Are there any chances that I may have another condition?
Do I need an immediate treatment for my hydrocele?
What are the treatment options available to me?
How can I help myself/my child stay comfortable?
Are there any chances of the hydrocele affecting my fertility?
Given my conditions, how long can I wait for the surgery?
What are the measures I can take to avoid possible complications?
Do the signs and symptoms indicate that I need an immediate treatment?
Are there any restrictions that I should follow?

Treatment Options & Cost

  • Aspiration and Sclerotherapy: Aspiration is a minimally-invasive procedure that involves the injecting of a needle into the hydrocele for withdrawing the fluid. After the fluid is removed, the doctor injects a sclerosing agent that uses a combination of sodium tetradecyl sulphate (STDS) inside the sack around the testicle. This helps in preventing the fluid build up. 

This procedure is commonly performed on men who are at a higher risk of complications during surgery. However, there is a slight chance that the hydrocele may come back within months, which would require another round of aspiration and sclerotherapy. 

Hydrocele insurance
Hydrocele insuranceInsurance coverage

Like most of the surgeries, a hydrocele repair surgery is covered under insurance at Pristyn Care. To find out more about the insurance coverage, you can get in touch with our medical coordinators. We have an insurance team to look after all your documents and assist you in the claim process.

Recovery rate

After the surgery, you may experience bruising or swelling in your groin or scrotum and this would usually get better in 2 to 3 weeks. A laser hydrocelectomy is an effective treatment for hydrocele and there are barely any major complications post the surgery. The procedure inflicts no pain and the recovery after the procedure is also very quick. You can get back to performing your daily activities within a week. However, you will have to avoid performing strenuous activities like straddling, riding a bike, or cycling in order to prevent possible complications for a few weeks post the surgery.

Long term outlook of the treatment

Although the prognosis of a hydrocelectomy depends on the size of the hydrocele and the amount of obstruction of the lymphatic system, the procedure usually has an excellent outcome. The treatment is usually successful and the possibilities of complications are very rare. However, surgeries do not necessarily end up solving the problem. Post-operative precautions and following the doctor’s instructions plays a vital role in ensuring the best possible outcome.

Pristyn Care for the treament

Experts Say


Who should I consult for treating a hydrocele?

You can consult a general surgeon or urologist to seek treatment for your hydrocele.

How can I treat the swelling of a hydrocele at home?

Home remedies to treat the swelling caused by a hydrocele include:

  • Avoiding strenuous activities
  • Using ice packs to relieve the swelling
  • Wearing protective gears
  • Following the doctor’s instructions properly
  • Taking a warm bath by adding at least a few cups of epsom salt 
  • Including lots of fruits and boiled vegetables in your diet

Can a hydrocele rupture?

In rare cases, due to increased intrascrotal pressure or trauma, hydroceles may burst, resulting in a decompression of the hydrocele.

Should I get my hydroceles removed?

Often a condition of hydrocele resolves without treatment. However, if a hydrocele continues to enlarge, it can cause swelling, pain and discomfort in the scrotum and may require a surgical repair to prevent further complications. 

Facts and statistics around Hydrocele

  • Hydrocele has a common occurrence among men aged over 40 years.
  • The largest recorded hydrocele weighed at 60.1kg (132.5 pounds). 
  • The incidence of hydroceles in India and other tropical countries is much higher due to the prevalence of filarial infections that are spread by blood feeding insects such as black flies and mosquitoes.
  • In India, states like Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Kerala, Orissa and Tamil Nadu contribute to about 95% of the total cases in the country.


Why choose Pristyn Care for treating hydrocele?

  • Pristyn Care houses some of the best urologists of the country who have more than 8 years of experience in delivering laser surgery for treating hydrocele with a proven success rate.
  • Pristyn Care is associated with the top hospitals in the country that are equipped with state-of-the-art facilities required to perform advanced laser treatment for hydrocele.
  • Urologists/General Surgeons working with Pristyn Care do a thorough consultation in the case of every patient to understand the health condition and then determine the minimally-invasive approach to treat your hydrocele.
  • To ease out the commuting process for our patients, we also provide free cab facilities to bring you from home to the hospital and help you return back home after the surgery.
  • Pristyn Care strives to make the whole surgical experience for every patient a seamless one. A dedicated ‘care buddy’ is assigned to every patient on the day of the surgery to provide the patient with a hassle-free experience to take care of all the formalities and paperworks on your behalf.
  • Pristyn Care also provides a free cab facility to ensure proper treatment of the patient. You will be picked up from your home to the hospital and on the completion of your surgery, you will also be dropped off at home.
  • A free-of-cost follow up is provided to every patient within the first seven days of the surgery.


How to book an appointment with urologists at Pristyn Care?

Every surgery at Pristyn Care is done using the most advanced and USFDA-approved medical technology and equipment. Being one of the leading health tech startups in India, dedicated to simplifying the surgical experience of every patient, we provide end-to-end facilities to our patients and give complete assistance in their treatment journey. Pristyn Care ensures that a patient has a care-filled and hassle-free experience. You can book an appointment and get in touch with our doctors virtually from the comfort of your home or anywhere by dialing on the given numbers or by filling up the ‘Book Appointment’ form below. 

     During the initial consultation, the doctor will have a detailed discussion with you and will carry out a diagnosis of your condition. After a thorough assessment, the doctor will come up with the best treatment plan for you and take you through all the necessary steps to get your hydrocele treated in the most effective way.

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