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What is PCOS?

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome or PCOS is the hormonal disorder in females of reproductive age. It is the condition in which female ovaries tend to make more of the male hormones as compared to female hormones. If the condition is not treated on time, it can lead to serious problems like type 2 diabetes, obesity, infertility etc. Women suffering from PCOS may have irregular, infrequent or prolonged menstrual cycles and excess male hormone (androgen) levels leading to abnormal hair growth. 

Polycystic Ovarian Disorder or PCOD is the condition in which ovaries contain many partially mature or immature eggs, which eventually turn into cysts. Junk food, obesity, stress and hormonal imbalance can give birth to this condition. Common symptoms of PCOD are similar to those of PCOS.

Overview

TAGS

  • Risks
  • Why Pristyn Care?

Risks

 

Type 2 diabetes

 

Obesity

 

Infertility

 

Cardiovascular disease

 

Sleep apnoea

Symptoms

Irregular periods

Heavy bleeding

Abnormal hair growth on face and body

Weight gain

Acne

Headaches

Treatment

Diagnosis

There is no specific test to diagnose the condition of PCOS or PCOD. The gynecologist will initially ask for medical history and will indulge in physical diagnosis. The gynecologist may ask the duration of weight gain, your menstrual periods and other related factors. The tests recommended by the gynecologist are mentioned below. Not all tests are required, the gynecologist will mention the tests required for a particular patient.

  • Physical Exams: This is done in order to check the signs of any excess hair growth, excess insulin, and acne.
  • Pelvic Exam (in sexually active females): The doctor will examine the reproductive organs of the patient for any abnormalities.
  • Blood tests: The gynecologist may suggest checking hormone levels, glucose tolerance, fasting cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
  • Ultrasound: Abdominal or Vaginal scan is done to check the appearance of the ovaries and thickness of the lining of the uterus.
  • Screening: This involves screening for depression, anxiety, or obstructive sleep apnea.

Treatment

PCOS is required to be treated to cure the conditions of menstrual irregularities, infertility, hirsutism, acne, obesity. The measurements and treatments used for the treatment are:-

  • Lifestyle changes: The gynecologist will ask you to develop the habit of exercising daily. Apart from exercising, it is suggested to control the intake of low calorie diets and fluids will help monitor the weight. It can help to lose up to 5% of the body weight. Losing weight will also help with the condition of PCOS and its complications thereof.
  • Medications: Birth control pills may be prescribed to decrease androgen production and regulate estrogen. It will help regulate the hormone and will reduce the risk of developing endometrial cancer. It can also help to correct other conditions such as abnormal bleeding, excess hair growth and acne. Progestin Therapy can be used for 10-14 days each month to regulate the period cycle. If you are planning a pregnancy, the gynecologist will suggest to strictly avoid this. To help ovulate better, the gynecologist may recommend taking medicine such as Clomiphene, Letrozole, Metformin, Gonadotropins to reduce the abnormal or excessive hair growth, Birth control pills, Spironolactone, Eflornithine, Electrolysis.
  • Low carbohydrates diets: A low carb diet can help to control obesity, maintain sugar and insulin levels.
  • Infertility Treatment: If PCOS is the only reason for not being able to get pregnant, fertility drugs are prescribed. IVF is the last option for women with PCOS.

Why Pristyn Care ?

Pristyn Care is COVID-19 safe

Pristyn Care is COVID-19 safe

Your safety is taken care of by thermal screening, social distancing, sanitized clinics and hospital rooms, sterilized surgical equipment and mandatory PPE kits during surgery.

Assisted Surgery Experience

Assisted Surgery Experience

A dedicated Medical Coordinator assists you throughout the surgery journey from insurance paperwork, to free commute from home to hospital & back and admission-discharge process at the hospital.

Medical Expertise With Technology

Medical Expertise With Technology

Our surgeons spend a lot of time with you to diagnose your condition. You are assisted in all pre-surgery medical diagnostics. We offer advanced laser and laparoscopic surgical treatment. Our procedures are USFDA approved.

Post Surgery Care

Post Surgery Care

We offer free follow-up consultations and instructions including dietary tips as well as exercises to every patient to ensure they have a smooth recovery to their daily routines.

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Frequently Asked Questions

How does a gynecologist diagnose PCOS or PCOD?

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Who is the best gynecologist for PCOS or PCOD?

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Can women diagnosed with PCOD ovulate?

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Are PCOD and PCOD the same? What are the symptoms of PCOD?

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Do women with PCOS have excessive hair growth?

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What is the treatment for PCOS or PCOD?

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What foods to avoid if you have PCOS?

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Where can I consult the best gynecologist for PCOS symptoms?

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Overview

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, or more commonly known as PCOS, is a common hormonal disorder in women. Women suffering from PCOS experience prolonged or infrequent periods or heightened levels of androgen. Sometimes, the ovaries develop some follicles and are unable to release eggs. Although the exact reason for development of PCOS is not known, an early diagnosis may help in redu...

cing the complications that can surface later like heart problems and diabetes.

Causes of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

It is not possible to pinpoint the exact cause of PCOS. However, there are some factors which might play an important part in its development. Some of those factors are as follows:

  • High levels of insulin: The source of insulin is pancreas and this hormone allows body cells to use sugar. When body cells become resistant to insulin, it results in higher levels of blood sugar. This causes the body to produce more insulin. These heightened levels of insulin increase production of androgen which results in difficulty to ovulate.

  • Chronic inflammation: Low grade inflammation, or chronic inflammation means the ability of leukocytes to fight infections in our body. Several studies and researches show that females suffering from PCOS have a kind of chronic inflammation which stimulates ovaries to produce androgen.

  • Hereditary factors: Some studies lead us to believe that PCOS might have a link to genes

Common symptoms of PCOS

While most females start experiencing symptoms around the time they get their first period, there is a demographic that realizes they might have PCOS only after they notice abnormal weight gain, or trouble in getting pregnant. Some of the most common symptoms of PCOS are listed below.

  • Irregular periods

  • Abnormally heavy bleeding

  • Abnormal hair growth on face, back, belly etc.

  • Baldness

  • Acne

  • Weight gain

  • Frequent headaches

Is PCOS linked to other health disorders as well?

Yes. There are numerous researches and studies to back up this claim. Around half of the females who suffer from PCOS below the age of 40 have glucose intolerance or diabetes. Females with PCOS are at a higher risk of having high blood pressure too as compared to females of the same age of who don’t have PCOS.

PCOS is also linked to high levels of bad cholesterol and low levels of good, healthy cholesterol. Many females experience sleep apnea as well. Sleep apnea is a condition when repeated and momentary stops in breathing interrupt sleep. This elevates risk of heart problems.

Anxiety and depression is also commonly seen in females suffering from PCOS. One of the most serious problems linked to PCOS is endometrial cancer. This is because obesity, problems with ovulation, diabetes and insulin resistance increase the risk of endometrial cancer.

What is the treatment for PCOS?

By far, there is no known cure for PCOS. However, it can be managed and controlled. An early diagnosis is always helpful, and enables your doctor to formulate a plan curated according to your symptoms, your future plans about pregnancy and present health conditions.

What steps can be taken to improve symptoms of PCOS?

Although there is no cure for PCOS, there are some things which you can do yourself to control its symptoms. One of the most important steps to take to control symptoms of PCOS is achieving a healthy body weight. Losing weight lowers insulin levels and blood sugar levels. Eating healthy and being physically active can help you to ward off symptoms of PCOS to some extent.

Going for facial hair removal is also a good choice. Laser hair removal, electrolysis or hair removal creams are some of the options available. There are also prescription skin treatments which help to slow down the rate of hair growth.

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