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What is Pilonidal Sinus?

Pilonidal sinus is a small hole or channel under the skin and has pus or inflamed fluid accumulation, which may also contain blood. This happens in the cleft, at the lower back or the top of the buttocks. Pilonidal cyst or the sinus may also have hair or dirt accumulation, which may cause severe pain and foul-smelling pus or bloody discharge.

People with regular sitting jobs are at a high risk of developing pilonidal sinus or cyst. It is more common in men, as compared to women. It happens when the hair at the top of the cleft (of the buttocks) gets pushed inside the body, causing dirt to push inside. The condition gets very painful at this stage. In a lot of cases, pilonidal sinus develops from an abscess.

Overview

TAGS

  • Risks
  • Why Painless Treatment?
  • Don’t Delay Laser Treatment
  • Why Pristyn Care?
  • Hassle-free Insurance Approval

Risks

 

Abscess formation

 

Systemic infection throughout the body

 

Rare chances of skin cancer within the cyst

Causes

Wearing Tight Clothes

Hair Puncture

Hormonal changes

Sitting for long hours

Obesity

Symptoms

Pus or blood draining from the abscess, causing a foul odor

Blood from the opening of the skin

pain when sitting or standing

Pain while sitting

Hair Protruding from the lesion

Treatment

Physical examination for Pilonidal Sinus

Diagnosis

A proctologist will firstly diagnose the pilonidal sinus by a physical examination. While examining, the doctor may ask you the following questions too.

  • Have you or anyone in your family had the problem before?
  • When did you first notice the symptoms?
  • Do you feel pain while passing stool?
  • Are you taking any medicines for your symptoms right now?

Surgery

Surgery is important to drain the pilonidal sinus. Surgery is also recommended if the pilonidal sinus causes pain and infection. At Pristyn Care, pilonidal sinus is treated by laser surgery, In this process, the surgeon makes an ablation in the sinus tract using a laser fiber. The incisions are 1 cm in length at maximum. The tract helps in efficient drainage of the sinus tract and facilitates fast healing of the wound.

Why Pristyn Care ?

Pristyn Care is COVID-19 safe

Pristyn Care is COVID-19 safe

Your safety is taken care of by thermal screening, social distancing, sanitized clinics and hospital rooms, sterilized surgical equipment and mandatory PPE kits during surgery.

Assisted Surgery Experience

Assisted Surgery Experience

A dedicated Medical Coordinator assists you throughout the surgery journey from insurance paperwork, to free commute from home to hospital & back and admission-discharge process at the hospital.

Medical Expertise With Technology

Medical Expertise With Technology

Our surgeons spend a lot of time with you to diagnose your condition. You are assisted in all pre-surgery medical diagnostics. We offer advanced laser and laparoscopic surgical treatment. Our procedures are USFDA approved.

Post Surgery Care

Post Surgery Care

We offer free follow-up consultations and instructions including dietary tips as well as exercises to every patient to ensure they have a smooth recovery to their daily routines.

Pristyn Care in Numbers

60K+Happy Patients
100+Clinics
30+Cities
20K+Surgeries
300+Doctors
400+Hospitals

Frequently Asked Questions

How do I know I have Pilonidal Sinus?

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Where does Pilonidal Sinus develop?

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Can a pilonidal sinus heal on its own?

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Is Pilonidal Sinus preventive?

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Can the drainage of pus out from the cyst be done at home?

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How pilonidal sinus is diagnosed?

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Is it safe to undergo surgery for Pilonidal Sinus?

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What is the recovery time of laser surgery for the Pilonidal Sinus?

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Facts about pilonidal sinus

  • When the pilonidal sinus is left untreated, it may lead to multiple cysts and tracts of the sinus.
  • In severe and rare cases, the chances of developing skin cancer in the cyst are higher.
  • People with excessive, coarse body hair and who sweat a lot are more likely to develop a pilonidal sinus.
  • Males are more likely to develop a pilonidal sinus.
  • Deep natal cleft makes a person more prone to the pilonidal cyst.

What is the best treatment for pilonidal sinus?

Although symptoms of pilonidal sinus can be managed with home remedies or non-surgical treatments, the results do not go a long way. Medical professionals consider surgery as the best and the most effective treatment for pilonidal sinus. At Pristyn Care, proctologists leverage advanced laser technology to treat pilonidal sinus. The non-invasive surgery is performed as a daycare procedure, and there is no implication of infections or recurrence. 

How to treat pilonidal cyst without surgery?

Although surgical treatment is the best way to drain the abscess formed in the pilonidal sinus, there are non-surgical regimens to treat pilonidal sinus too. Shaving the sacral area and removing the embedded hair in the sinus or cyst is one of the best non-surgical methods to cure pilonidal sinus. Undergoing laser hair removal techniques can also prevent the cyst from any potential irritations. 

Once the symptoms are managed, you need to follow a few precautions to prevent its recurrence. Apply hot compress such as towel dipped in hot water on the cyst. Wear loose-fit clothes that do not irritate the skin. 

What to expect from pilonidal sinus laser surgery?

Laser surgery for pilonidal sinus is usually done on an outpatient basis, where the patient is put under the influence of anesthesia. The healthcare provider numbs the surgical area with anesthesia and then makes a tiny incision to drain the pus and debris from the cyst. The surgical area might feel sore after the procedure and as such, it is always beneficial to have someone who can accompany you drive back home. There are no restricted tips to be followed after the surgery. The patient will be provided with antibiotics and recommended a diet chart to be followed until complete recovery, which happens in 4-5 days. 

How long does it take to recover after laser surgery for pilonidal sinus?

Patients hardly report any complications after the surgery for pilonidal sinus. Laser surgery for pilonidal sinus is comparatively a much safer treatment process and as such the patient's recovery time also cuts short. However, the recovery time of each case varies from the other depending on factors like how severe the condition of the pilonidal cyst was or if there is any other health condition that could complicate the recovery process.

Most patients who undergo laser surgery can resume normal activities within a week's time. During the recovery process, the patient should refrain from consuming any mediation which is not prescribed by the doctor, indulging any strenuous physical activities, or sitting for long hours. 

What happens if the pilonidal sinus is not treated on time?

Like any other anorectal disease, leaving pilonidal sinus untreated can cause further complications. If the pilonidal sinus is not provided with the necessary treatment, it can create recurrent cysts. Untreated pilonidal sinus can cause swollen pockets of infection and abscesses. In many cases, if the pilonidal sinus is not treated on time, the hair follicles accumulate dirt which further has the potential to form anal infections.

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