Bartholin cyst is a fluid-filled lump that may appear on the vaginal walls after an injury, a bacterial infection, or STIs such as gonorrhea or chlamydia. If infected, it may grow very large, develop an abscess, and cause unbearable pain.
However tempting, do not pop the cyst. Else, it may cause further infection and develop again.
Rather, consult a gynecologist at the earliest and take medications and sitz baths, that is, soak the infected area in 3-4 inches of warm water 2-3 times a day. Doing this should bring considerable relief and help drain the cyst faster.
However, if the Bartholin cysts are recurring, they are best treated through marsupialization. Contact us for Free Doctor Consultations, best medicines, and/or marsupialization treatment by the best gynecologists in gyne-clinics and hospitals near you.
Bartholin cyst develops when the Bartholin gland gets clogged because of an infection or injury to its vaginal lining.
Since the gland is responsible for the secretion of vaginal lube, the fluid backs up and clogs the gland. If not treated in time, it can keep swelling, turn infectious, develop an abscess and cause unbearable pain and fever.
Swab Test: Here the gynecologist collects a sample of vaginal fluid on a swab to test it for infections.
Biopsy: If the woman is post-menopausal, there is a chance of carcinoma cells. Hence, the gynecologist may take a sample cell and perform a biopsy to screen cancer.
Pus is the infected fluid that develops in the cyst after a bacterial infection or STI. This can make the Bartholin cyst extremely painful.
While Bartholin cyst is a minor surgery with moderate to nil risks, at times, in a rare case scenario, it may lead to:
We suggest the following for preventing and avoiding the recurrence of Bartholin cyst-
Protect the area from any injury: Be careful as you work/ play or do any physical activities. Injury on the Bartholin gland can cause trauma and back up Bartholin gland’s fluid, eventually forming a Bartholin cyst.
Practice safe sexual habits: Use a condom and maintain the highest levels of sexual hygiene. Basically, though Bartholin cysts can occur because of various reasons, STI is one of the major reasons it gets infected and turns into an abscess. Therefore, using a condom can help prevent STI and pus formation.
Careful Penetration: Rough/ dry sex or negligence while penetration can tear the skin around labia and clog Bartholin glands, causing painful Bartholin cysts. Therefore, being careful and using lubes is advised.
Myth: Bartholin cysts are caused because of STI/ sex with multiple partners.
Fact: Yes, but not always. Bartholin cyst can also be caused by an injury/ tear/ rupture to the Bartholin gland.
Myth: Bartholin cysts are cancerous.
Fact: No. Bartholin cyst cancer is highly uncommon and accounts for less than 1%.
On symptoms: If you can feel a protruding lump on your vaginal wall, whether painful or not, you should consult a gynecologist immediately. If left untreated, it could lead to further infection and severity of pain and symptoms.
Regular gyne- exams: A general principle is, always see your gynecologist at least once a year. Many diseases or infections go unnoticed generally but regular pelvic exams can help detect the abnormality right in the bud and provide immediate and long-term solutions.
Surgical treatment is not always necessary for Bartholin cysts. Small and lesser symptomatic cysts can be treated through:
Sitz Bath: For a sitz bath, soak your vaginal area in a few inches of warm water. This would help both manage the pain, and soften and drain open the cyst. At times, your doctor may suggest adding an antibiotic solution to the water to quicken the relief process. ( This is usually suggested to be done 3-4 times a day for 5 or more days. )
Medicines: These include antibiotics and painkillers to drain open the cyst, prevent the infection, and manage pain & fever. These typically cost an average of between 800-1000 Rs.
Marsupialization falls under the ‘medically necessary’ bracket of surgeries. The surgery cost is hence covered by most insurance providers in India.
However, the specifics also vary from policy to policy. Please confirm the same from your health care or insurance provider.
There is immediate relief in pain after pus drainage and in most cases, you can resume some basic activities the very next day.
However, since the drainage would still be in process, doctors suggest you wait for at least 2-3 days before rejoining the office. This would help you heal better, avoid infections, and prevent a recurrence.
Marsupialization is a safe and effective surgery in a long-term outlook. It prevents recurrence and formation of abscess and has no particular side effects. Also, the scars become negligible within 2-2.5 months.
Ms. S (aged 27 years, Gurgaon) approached us with symptoms of Bartholin cyst in early August 2021. The cyst had been recurring in nature, and despite medications and lifestyle changes, the formation of the same could not be prevented. After going through 5-6 intense episodes of Bartholin cyst every few months and the resulting discomfort and pain, Ms. S sought a more long-term and effective solution than the current.
For the same, we connected her with Dr. Roopali Agnihotri (MBBS, MS- Gynecology, and Obstetrics) through an online consultation. After understanding the patient’s past medical records and case history, Dr. Agnihotri suggested her through her different medical and surgical options on same. Their process, results, and possible risks were explained too. Thereafter, Ms. S was suggested to undertake a pelvic exam and biopsy to confirm the severity and nature of the cyst (benign or cancerous). Once the cyst was confirmed benign, Ms. Agnihotri suggested Marsupilaisation as Ms. S’s best option against the recurring Bartholin cyst.
The procedure was carried out 2 days after the final diagnosis. We performed the procedure on local anesthesia and arranged same-day discharge with recovery guidelines, post-care tips, and medications.
Her follow-up was scheduled 5 days after the surgery, and the patient reported smooth recovery.
What are the best medicines for Bartholin cyst?
The medicines given to treat Bartholin cyst are mostly anti-biotics and painkillers.
How long does a Bartholin cyst take to heal?
While you would experience an immediate pain relief after surgical drainage, a complete recovery can take upto 15 days.
Can Bartholin cyst heal by itself?
Yes, at times, the cyst pops out by itself because of excessive body heat, approaching periods, or home remedies. However, it is necessary to consult the gynecologist to negate any risk of infection.
What is the best way to take a sitz bath for Bartholin cyst?
Dip your pelvic area in around 8-10 inches of lukewarm water and soak your genitals for 15-20 minutes. Do this regularly for 3-4 days and once every fortnight.
I. Why choose Prsityn Care for Bartholin cyst treatment?
Pristyn Care brings the most advanced and holistic gyne treatments with its experienced doctors and latest laparoscopic and laser technology in 15+ cities in India. We are associated with multiple reputed gyne-clinics and super-specialty hospitals, giving you the option to choose amongst the best hospitals that suit your needs, be it the hospital distance, its infrastructure, or insurance panel.
As you choose Pristyn Care for your treatments, you get some of the added benefits. These include:
Free online/ in-clinic consultations: We offer free consultations. Also, you have the choice to speak with the doctor in-clinic or offline, sitting from the comfort of your home. You can ask as many questions, and we ensure we give you the right and detailed answers.
Free transportation to and from the hospital: We provide free cab pick up and drop off from and to your residence on the day of surgery.
Minimal-no waiting time for hospital admission: We perform most of our admission formalities beforehand, so you do not have to wait for hospital admission at the site.
All paperwork done on your behalf: We do all your hospital admission and discharge paperwork ourselves on your behalf to reduce your hassles and provide a seamless patient experience.
Multiple payment options: We accepts all modes of payment including cash, credit, and debit card.
All insurances accepted: We accept all insurances and offer cash-less facilities at most of the hospitals.
No cost EMI option: You can also opt for the No cost EMI option while paying for your medical bills.
Free follow-up: We provide free follow-up post consultations to ensure a complete and smooth recovery.
II. How to book an appointment with a Pristyn Care Gynecologist for a Bartholin cyst treatment?
Booking an appointment with a Pristyn Care gynecologist is easy.
Simply call us directly or fill out our ‘Book my Appointment’ form. It would ask you just four basic questions such as ‘Your name’, ‘Contact’, ‘Disease name’, and ‘City’. Just fill them and click ‘submit’. Our medical coordinators will call you shortly and help you speak to a doctor of your choice.