Call Us

Book Free Appointment

Table Of Index


What is a Lipoma?

Lipoma is a lump of fatty tissues that form right below the skin. They are soft rubbery tissues that can be moved with the touch of a finger. They are also known as benign tumors as they stay in their primary location and don’t cause any kind of damage to the healthy tissues. 

These fatty lumps grow at a very gradual rate and don’t turn cancerous. They are rarely painful and need treatment. But if a lipoma is bothering you in some way, you can always ask a doctor to remove it. 

Lipoma formation

Why do lipomas form?

The causes for lipoma growths are still unknown but they start to form due to the overgrowth of fat cells. Through various studies over the years, doctors have found that certain underlying medical conditions can increase the chances of developing these fatty lumps. In some conditions, you can even get multiple lipomas on different parts of your body. Lipoma-causing medical conditions are:

  • Dercum’s disease, which is a rare disorder that causes painful lipomas to grow on the arms, legs, and trunk. It is also known as adiposis dolorosa or Anders’ syndrome. 
  • Gardner Syndrome is another condition that runs in families. Polyps start to form on the body along with lipomas and have the potential to become cancerous as well. 
  • Madelung’s disease is a condition that mostly occurs in men who have a habit of drinking excessively. It is also known as multiple symmetric lipomatosis as multiple lipomas grow in the neck and shoulder region of the person who has this condition. 

Types of lipomas








Spindle-cell lipomas

Spindle-cell lipomas

Superficial subcutaneous lipomas


  • Injuries
  • Faulty gene from parents
  • Medical conditions like Gardner’s Syndrome, Madelung’s disease, etc.


  • Encapsulated fat tissues
  • Painless lumps of skin color
  • Round shaped lump with rubbery tissues
  • Lump moves when you touch
  • A lump smaller than 2 inches in diameter


During the initial consultation, the doctor will firstly physically examine the lipoma. The doctor will identify whether the skin-colored lump exhibits the symptoms of lipoma or liposarcoma (cancerous skin lumps). From the appearance, it can be difficult to differentiate between lipoma, liposarcoma, and other forms of cysts. 

Thus, the doctor will touch the lipoma to see if it moves. The doctor will also check if the lipoma is causing pain. Though lipomas are normally painless, they can sometimes form over blood vessels and compress them that will cause pain and discomfort. 

If pain is present, the doctor will order lab tests to accurately identify the condition.

Diagnosis by Doctor forlipoma


As lipomas are not life-threatening, they are not considered a serious health problem. But they can become severe in the following cases:

  • Size- If lipoma continues growing, it can become even bigger than 5 cm and 6 inches wide. Such lipomas negatively affect the aesthetic appearance of the individual and lead to self-consciousness. 
  • Pain– In normal conditions, a lipoma won’t hurt. However, if it grows large, the accumulated fat tissues may become heavy and start compressing the blood vessels underneath the skin. 
  • Number– Another scenario where lipomas are considered severe is when multiple lipomas grow on different parts of the body at the same time. 

In all these three cases, lipomas will become problematic due to which you will have to seek expert help. 

Severity of lipoma

  • Prevention of lipoma


    Prevention of lipoma

    Unfortunately, there are no proven methods available that will help to prevent lipomas. Moreover, lipomas commonly occur in people who inherit these genes. As the condition is passed down through DNA among families, it is not possible to prevent the, 

    However, in some cases, you can reduce your chances of developing these benign skin lumps. For instance, you can minimize your chances of developing Madelung’s disease that causes lipomas to grow by limiting your alcohol intake. 

    The best thing to do is to consult a plastic surgeon and discuss this matter with them. They will be able to better explain the conditions that cause lipomas to grow and also provide an insight on how to avoid them in the future.

  • Myths & Facts

    Myths & Facts

    Myths & Facts

    Myth 1: Lipomas are cancerous. 

    Lipomas are non-cancerous benign tumors that are composed of fatty tissues only. 


    Myth 2: Lipomas don’t grow over 1-2 cm.

    Lipomas can grow around 10-20 cm and weigh around 4-5 kgs. However, it happens rarely.


    Myth 3: Lipomas never cause pain.

    Lipomas can cause pain if they form above blood vessels and grow large in size that can compress the blood vessels underneath. 


    Myth 4: You can remove lipoma at home. 

    Lipoma removal may be possible at home. However, it is not recommended as it is hard to maintain a safe and sterile environment at home. In addition, you may not be able to remove the fatty lump completely or end up hurting yourself. 

When to consult a doctor ?

If there is a lump growing under your skin in any part of the body, make sure that you see a plastic surgeon. It is important that you seek timely treatment and get evaluated properly to rule out other serious conditions, such as liposarcoma as the symptoms can be misunderstood. 

In case you already know that the lump on your skin is a lipoma, visit the doctor if you notice any changes in the shape or size of the lump, especially if it becomes painful. The healthcare professional will check the lipoma and suggest a suitable treatment plan. 

Questions to ask your doctor

How many years of experience do you have in treating lipomas?
What board are you certified from?
What are the different treatment options for lipoma?
How will the surgery be performed?
What are the different techniques used for lipoma treatment?
What are the risks and complications of surgical removal of a lipoma?
Is surgery the only solution to get rid of lipomas?
How should I prepare for the surgery?
What is the success rate of lipoma surgery?
How long does the surgery take?
Do I need to stop other medications for lipoma treatment?

Lipoma Treatment Cost in India

Lipoma surgery costs around Rs. 25,000 to Rs. 1,00,000 approx. in cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Pune, Hyderabad, Chennai, Kolkata, etc. 

The exact cost may vary from one patient to another based on the following factors:

  • The choice of hospital 
  • Surgeon’s fee 
  • Diagnostic tests 
  • Hospital admission/discharge cost 
  • The number, location, and size of the lipoma 
  • Post-surgery care, support, and follow-ups 

Due to all these factors, the cost will vary a lot from one patient to another. 

Insurance coverage

Lipoma removal is covered under insurance in specific circumstances. Many people wish to undergo lipoma surgery because of cosmetic reasons. In such scenarios, the treatment expenses are not payable through insurance. 

In other cases, if the lipoma is causing pain and growing continuously, its treatment will be considered important. Due to this, the treatment may get covered under insurance. To confirm this, the patient will have to talk to the insurance providers and they will provide clear answers about the coverage and other terms and conditions. 

If the treatment can be covered under insurance, you can file a claim to pay for the treatment. Or you can use the reimbursement method to get a claim against the sum of money you paid for lipoma treatment. 

Latest Research


Do lipomas feel hard and fixed?

No, lipomas are not hard or fixed. However, if you have a hard and immovable lump, there are chances that it is a liposarcoma, i,e., a cancerous lump. It is vital that you get the lump diagnosed and get it treated.

Can you leave lipoma untreated?

It is not advisable to leave lipoma untreated as it risks growing more prominent and more painful. A lipoma may pressurize the surrounding blood vessels when left untreated for a prolonged time. Timely medical treatment is the only safe way out.

Benefits of lipoma surgery

Doctors recommend surgical excision of lipoma when medical treatment proves to be ineffective, or the lipoma recurs. Advanced lipoma surgery immediately removes lipoma and does not leave behind significant scars. The chances of recurrence are almost nil after lipoma surgery, and the success rate is much higher than the other treatment methods. Further, there is no need for complete bed rest. Observing a few precautions advised by the doctor, like refraining from strenuous physical activities, helps in full recovery.

What causes a lipoma?

The exact cause of a lipoma is not known yet. However, genetics and the age group of 40-60 years are the two major risk factors for lipomas.

Where do lipomas form on the body?

Lipomas can develop anywhere in the body. Neck, back, abdomen, shoulders, thicks, and arms are the body parts where lipomas are commonly seen. They are generally soft and pasty to the touch.

How to know if I have a lipoma?

A lipoma is a painless lump that develops beneath the skin. It can move slightly when pressed with a finger. Usually, a lipoma is less than 2 inches in diameter but can gradually grow with time.

Is lipoma cancerous?

No. Lipoma is not cancerous. It is a collection of fat tissues only. However, there are other types of skin lumps present, such as liposarcoma that are cancerous in nature. It is often advised to get the skin lump to diagnose to rule out the possibility of cancer. 

What type of anesthesia is used during lipoma excision surgery?

Lipoma excision surgery can be performed under local as well as general anesthesia. The type of anesthesia that will be used during the procedure is decided after evaluating the overall health of the patients. The anesthetist will ask some questions to find out if the patient is allergic to some or any component of the anesthetic agent. Only then, he/she will decide what type of anesthesia is used. 

What are the chances of lipoma recurrence after surgery?

Usually, there are almost negligible chances of lipoma recurrence after it is removed surgically. But you should also understand that there are still chances that you may get lipomas again in other parts of the body. 

Why does lipoma operation cost vary from one patient to another?

The overall cost of lipoma surgery varies from one patient to another due to the following factors:

  • The number and size of the lipoma
  • The location of the lump 
  • The severity of the condition 
  • Surgeon’s fee 
  • Diagnostic tests 
  • Hospital admission/discharge expense 
  • Medications 
How long will it take to recover after lipoma surgery?

On average, the recovery after lipoma surgery takes around 1-2 weeks. You will be able to resume normal activities from the next day. You may require more time to recover if you had multiple painful lipomas. 

How long will I have to stay in the hospital?

Lipoma excision surgery is performed on an outpatient basis. Thus, there is no need to stay overnight in the hospital. However, in some cases, the doctor may ask you to stay overnight to monitor your health. 

Can a lipoma go away on its own?

In some cases, there is a minor possibility that the fatty lump will go away on its own. However, there is no natural remedy known to be effective for the treatment of lipomas. The best method to get rid of the lump is to get it removed surgically. 


Can stress cause lipomas?

Things that worsen lipoma pain in Dercum disease include stress, overactivity and extreme temperatures

Can lipomas cause tiredness?

The lipomas may occur anywhere on the body and can cause severe pain. Other symptoms may include weakness, fatigue, and memory disturbances.

Risks and complications

The risks and complications increase when an individual delays the treatment or neglects the condition. Timely consultation with the doctor is necessary to rule out the possibility of cancer, called liposarcoma. It is best not to avoid surgical treatment if advised by the doctor. Furthermore, it is best to opt for advanced minimally invasive surgical treatment to minimize the chances of complications during and after the surgery.

Some of the common risks and complications associated with lipoma surgery are:

  • Bruising and numbness in the skin surrounding the operated area
  • Skin damage or death of skin tissues above the treated area
  • Anesthesia related complications such as lidocaine toxicity, seizures, etc
  • Infection at the site of the surgery
  • Forming of a blood clot (that can be potentially fatal)

Such risks and complications can be significantly avoided when choosing a certified and reliable healthcare provider.  

Should I worry about lipomas?

Most lipomas don’t require treatment, and you can even have one without knowing. However, some can cause issues — such as pain, physical discomfort, or cosmetic concerns.

Are lipomas related to high cholesterol?

Lipomas are more common in those with high cholesterol than in those whose cholesterol levels are in a healthy range.

Can an MRI detect a lipoma?

Superficial lipomas can almost always be diagnosed clinically. In cases where imaging is obtained, lipomas have a characteristic appearance on ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

How do you stop a lipoma from growing?

The most common way to treat a lipoma is to remove it through surgery . This is especially helpful if you have a large skin tumor that’s still growing.

Facts and statistics around Lipoma:


-Out of all cases of lipoma, 47.8% of cases are of simple lipoma and 26% of cases are of fibrolipoma. 

-Lipoma affects males (60%) more than females (40%). 

-Only 1% of lipoma cases grow to be painful and need surgical treatment. 

– From the year 1976 to 2017, only 49 published cases have been found in India. 

-The term lipoma was first used in 1709 to describe benign tumors. 

-Around 1% of people across the globe suffer from lipoma. It typically occurs in adults between the age of 40 to 60 years. 

-Approximately 5% of patients suffer from multiple lipomas. 

-Lipomas are relatively small in size (1-3 cm) but they can grow very large too up to 10-20 cm and weigh around 4-5 kg. 

-Lipoma can be removed through a simple excision and cures a majority of cases. And only about 1-2% of lipomas recur after excision. 

-Around 1% of lipoma cases are actually liposarcoma which is a malignant tumor. 

-Out of all cases of lipomas, about 15%-20% of cases involve the head and neck region whereas 1%-4% of cases are related to the oral cavity. 


Want to get rid of the fatty skin lump? Rely on the Best Plastic Surgeons of Indian to Undergo Lipoma Removal Surgery 

Pristyn Care has become a leading healthcare provider for the treatment of all kinds of conditions, including lipoma, sebaceous cyst, etc. In recent years, we have worked hard to build trust among our patients. And this has been possible only because of our esteemed team of doctors. We have a highly experienced team of plastic surgeons who specialize in treating lipomas through minimally invasive surgery. 

All of our doctors have had ample training and expertise in removing lipomas without causing major scarring. They understand that surgery can affect the aesthetic appeal of a person. Thus, they pay special attention to the removal of these fatty lumps. They combine the lipoma excision technique with liposuction to break the fat deposits precisely and then extract them carefully. 

You only need to book an appointment with our doctors and consult them to learn more about lipoma surgery. 


Get Comprehensive Medical Care for Lipoma Treatment At Pristyn Care 

Pristyn Care is very well known for providing optimal care to patients under all circumstances. We understand our patient’s needs extensively and focus on assisting them at every step of the treatment journey. 

Our medical and non-medical staff work in coherence to simplify your surgical experience and provide the following services:

  • Treatment at the best medical centers of India. 
  • A team of expert plastic surgeons that excels in minimally invasive lipoma removal surgery. 
  • Medical coordinators assist the patient round-the-clock, including insurance paperwork and claim process. 
  • Multiple payment options and finance service that includes No-Cost EMI. 
  • Free cab service on the day of surgery. 
  • Post-surgery care and follow-ups without any additional charges. 

As you can see, one of our representatives will always be at your service to streamline every aspect of the treatment. We take full responsibility for providing the best-quality medical care cost-effectively. To learn more about our services and benefits, give us a call. 

Read More