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Perforated Eardrum

What is a Perforated Eardrum?

A perforated eardrum is a hole or tear in the eardrum that may affect your hearing ability. The eardrum is also known as the tympanic membrane. It is a thin layer of tissue found in the middle ear that receives the vibrations of sound and helps transmit it to the auditory ossicles. When a hole occurs in the tympanic membrane or eardrum, that is called perforation. Patients suffering from perforated eardrum issues need immediate assistance. Because delaying the treatment of a ruptured eardrum can lead to partial hearing or complete loss of hearing. 

In most cases, if the perforation is minor, it usually heals on its own or through prescribed medication like ear drops within a few weeks. Whereas, on the other hand, if the hole in the eardrum is major, it needs a doctor’s opinion and would not heal through medicines or any other oral treatments. Perforation in the eardrum can result in severe symptoms like earache, ear discharge, or impaired hearing ability. Therefore, the doctor may advise surgical intervention to repair the perforation in the eardrum. The surgical procedure is called tympanoplasty. It is an advanced and minimally invasive procedure that restores hearing ability and cures all the symptoms caused due to perforation in the eardrum.

Causes

  • Bacterial infection in the middle ear
  • Inserting foreign items in the ear
  • Injury
  • Sudden exposure to loud music
  • Change in air pressure
  • Contact sports
  • Water diving

Symptoms

  • Partial hearing loss
  • Intense earache
  • Discharge from the ear
  • Regular itchiness in the ear
  • Fever
  • Tinnitus

DIAGNOSIS

There are a few diagnostic tests an ENT expert will recommend, such as:

  • TympanometryA device is used in the tympanometry test to measure the eardrum’s response in different air pressure. The doctor will note the measurement to detect the perforation in the eardrum.
  • Audiology- The doctor will play various volumes and pitches to check the severity of the hearing ability.
  • Ear discharge- A swab of an ear discharge will be taken for culture to identify infection in the middle ear.
  • Tuning Fork- There are two-pronged metal instruments that are used to produce sound when struck together. The sound will help in evaluating the hearing quality of the patient.  
tests of Perforated Eardrum

SEVERITY

In most cases, the hole is minor in the tympanic membrane. If the perforation is minor, it usually heals on its own. The doctor may prescribe a few medications and ear drops for a week or two to support the healing process. The symptoms may not be significant, but the patient could experience earache and fever because of the perforation in the eardrum.

Minor perforation in the eardrum

RISKS & COMPLICATIONS

There are various risk factors that can cause a hole in the eardrum:

  • Scuba diving without gears can put pressure on the ear.
  • Change in air pressure while traveling through the airplane.
  • Activities involving rapid pressure changes can cause perforation in the eardrum.
  • Middle ear infections
  • Listening to loud noises or music regularly
  • Inserting foreign objects into the ear.

When to consult a doctor ?

Consult an ENT doctor on an immediate basis if you are experiencing any of the following symptoms. The ear is a sensitive part of the body, and delaying the treatment can affect your life’s productivity.  The following could be the significant signs of perforation in the eardrum:

  • Intense earache which may subside quickly
  • Mucus like drainage coming out from the ear
  • Bleeding from the ear
  • If you are feeling any change in your hearing ability
  • If you are hearing continuous buzzing sound in the ear

Questions to ask your doctor .

What is the tympanoplasty procedure?
Can the hole in the eardrum heal through medication?
Can tympanoplasty improve my hearing ability?
Are there any alternative treatment options except tympanoplasty surgery for a perforated eardrum?
I am taking treatment for another medical condition. Is it possible to undergo tympanoplasty at the same time?
How long is the recovery duration after tympanoplasty?
Are there any complications that can occur post tympanoplasty surgery?
Do I have to follow any dietary restrictions after eardrum surgery?
Do I have to stop going to the gym post-surgery? If yes, for how long?
Can perforation in the eardrum occur again after tympanoplasty?

Treatment Options & Cost

Antibiotic ear drops- If the perforation is minor, it can be treated with antibiotic ear drops like ofloxacin or some oral medication prescribed by the doctor after diagnosing the severity. The antibiotic ear drops treat middle ear infections and prevent getting tears in the eardrum. It is advised to consult the doctor for such medication and not to use it from over-the-counter. Using antibiotics without prescription can lead to serious issues. 

Insurance Coverage of Perforated Eardrum
Insurance Coverage of Perforated EardrumINSURANCE COVERAGE

Every individual’s medical insurance policy is different. A perforation or hole in the eardrum can result in partial or complete loss of hearing. Tympanoplasty is considered a medical treatment that is necessary to improve the hearing ability and restore the ear’s normal functioning. A few of the insurance providers that may cover treatment:

  • Star Health Insurance
  • New Inia Health Insurance
  • Bajaj Allianz
  • Religare
  • ICICI Lombard
RECOVERY RATE

Tympanoplasty is an evolved technique and has a faster recovery duration as compared to conventional methods. This surgery is performed with USFDA approved medical technology, which has fewer chances of infections. The patient can resume normal activities within 3-4 days. However, the complete recovery may take 2-3 months. There are a few tips you can practice for smoother recovery:

  • Do not blow your nose too hard, as it can put excessive pressure on the eardrum.
  • Try putting warm compresses on the ear with a light hand to reduce the ear pain and to minimize swelling around the ear. 
  • Take prescribed medication on time to relieve discomfort during the healing process.
  • Wear a cap while swimming or taking a shower to keep water from entering your ear.

Success Rate 

Tympanoplasty is the modern treatment to repair a hole in the eardrum. This surgical procedure is advanced and has better results as compared to traditional methods. The success rate for eardrum repair surgery is usually high if an experienced ENT surgeon is involved. However, there are various factors on which success rate may depend. A few of them are as follows:

  • The complexity of the hole in the eardrum
  • Every patient has different healing abilities
  • Patient’s Age
  • Type of technique used during surgery

Long term outlook of the treatment

Undergoing tympanoplasty treatment for a perforated eardrum can help get relief from painful symptoms one is suffering like intense earache, yellow pus-like discharge, or continuous ringing sound in the ear. The treatment is advanced and can have a long-lasting impact while eliminating the risk of recurrence if you follow all the necessary guidelines given by your doctor. However, there could be a few potential risks in rare cases due to tympanoplasty, like damage to an optic nerve or reduced sense of taste post-surgery. Therefore, discussing all the factors associated with the tympanoplasty surgical procedure with your doctor during a consultation is better. Also, follow all the instructions given by your doctor post-treatment to prevent the occurrence of any middle ear infection in the future that can cause perforation in the eardrum.

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FAQ

Can a perforated eardrum cause loss of hearing?

Yes. A hole in the eardrum is referred to as a ruptured eardrum. The perforation makes the ear vulnerable to infection and can lead to partial or complete hearing loss. Consult the ENT doctor for a thorough diagnosis to get the best-suited treatment.

Can tympanoplasty fix my perforated eardrum?

Yes. Tympanoplasty is a modern surgical procedure. It is a minimally invasive surgery that is performed to fix the tympanic membrane or eardrum to improve the normal function of the ear.

Should I avoid swimming after tympanoplasty surgery?

Yes. Patients who have undergone tympanoplasty are advised to avoid swimming for at least 4-5 days post-surgery. As the surgical site is vulnerable to infection and water contact can hinder the healing process.

Why is tympanoplasty the best treatment for a perforated eardrum?

Tympanoplasty is an advanced technique to repair the perforation in the eardrum. It is a minimally invasive procedure that is performed through small incisions, unlike conventional methods. Traditional surgery methods are prone to infection and usually make large cuts that may lead to heavy bleeding. Tympanoplasty causes no blood loss and has a faster recovery period compared to traditional approaches.

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Why choose Pristyn Care for Tympanoplasty Treatment 

Pristyn Care has ENT-specialized centers across the country. We are trying our best to make modern treatments accessible to each patient with a minimal cost range. Pristyn Care believes in almost painless and minimally invasive surgeries, has fewer chances of infection with a faster recovery duration. We provide additional benefits to each patient who comes to Pristyn Care for a smoother treatment journey:

Highly Experienced Surgeons- All ENT surgeons at Pristyn Care are board-certified and upskilled in performing the advanced treatment. They offer comprehensive treatment and try their best to discuss all the necessary details about the tympanoplasty procedure to make you well informed about your treatment for a hole in the eardrum. 

Medical Insurance Approval An in-house team of insurance experts is available at Pristyn Care to assist patients during the paperwork of medical insurance claims. Each patient has a different insurance policy from the other. Our experts understand it and provide the best assistance to get the maximum benefits from your policy.

Discounted Diagnostic Tests– We understand medical finances could be burdening. To ease the treatment finance, we offer a 30% discount on diagnostic tests.

Care Buddy– A care buddy is dedicated to the patient on the day of their surgery to help in all the hospitalization and discharge paperwork.

Different Payment Options– There are flexible payment options at Pristyn Care for tympanoplasty treatment. You can either choose to pay through cash or from any card. We also provide 0 cost EMI to make the treatment payment feasible for each patient. 

Free Cab Service- Free transportation is also provided to each patient for pick-up from their home and to drop-off back to their doorsteps on the day of tympanoplasty surgery.

Free Follow-up Consultation- Recovery is an essential part of the treatment. Therefore, we provide free follow-up consultation with a diet chart that a nutritionist makes to patients who have undergone tympanoplasty surgery for smoother and faster recovery.

 

Book An Appointment With The Best ENT Doctors For Tympanoplasty

Pristyn Care has an in-house team of ENT experts that are well trained in executing minimally invasive surgeries while providing the best consultation. In addition, our dedicated team offers extreme attention to each patient during their treatment to make their treatment journey smoother. The three easy ways to book an appointment for a perforated eardrum treatment at Pristyn Care:

  • Talk to our medical coordinator by giving us a call on the mentioned number above the page to get the details about the tympanoplasty treatment. 
  • Fill out the form with the required information. Our medical coordinator will call you at the earliest for assistance and provide all the necessary details about a hole in the eardrum. 
  • There is a mobile application as well through which patients can book online consultations to speak to our highly experienced ENT doctors without stepping out of the house.
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