An ENT doctor or surgeon can diagnose the perforation of the ear in a physical examination using an otoscope, an instrument that has a magnifier with a light, designed to look inside the ear. Other tests may include:
- Auditory Testing: An audiologist checks a patients' hearing in each ear, using sounds of varying volume and frequency.
- Computed Tomography (CT scan): A CT scanner uses X-rays and a computer to create images of the ears and surrounding structures.
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): Using radio waves in a magnetic field, a scanner creates high-resolution images of the ears and surrounding structures.
If the symptoms are not very severe, most eardrums heal within a week's time. The ENT surgeon is likely to prescribe a few antibiotic ear drops. if the eardrum does not heal by itself, your ENT surgeon may use any of the following procedures to treat the perforated eardrum.
- Tympanoplasty - Tympanoplasty is the most common surgical procedure to treat a perforated eardrum. In this process, the ENT surgeon grafts a patch of your own tissue to close the perforated or ruptured eardrum. Tympanoplasty is done on an outpatient basis and once the process is done, the patient can go home.
- Eardrum patch - In case the eardrum hole or the perforation does not heal on its own, the ENT surgeon may use a paper patch to seal it. The ENT surgeon may use chemicals to treat the eardrum and then apply a patch on the hole.