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What is a perforated eardrum?

A perforated or a ruptured eardrum is a condition in which a hole or a tear occurs in the thin tissue that separates the ear canal or eardrum (middle ear). A perforated eardrum can lead to hearing loss and make your middle ear prone to catching infections. A perforated eardrum has a good chance to get healed on its own in a few weeks time if it is not infected. If infected, it requires medical treatment.



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excessive ear drainage

permanent hearing loss

recurrent ear infections

chronic ear pain


Infection in the ear

Injured eardrum due to an intense impact such as a blow

Sudden unbearable loud noise

Fluctuation in the air pressure


The perforated eardrum may cause a conductive hearing loss, and in chronic cases.

Yellow discharge from the ear

Infection of the middle or inner ear if exposed to moisture

Intense pain in the ear that does not subside until the treatment

Itchiness in the ear



Doctor Doing a Surgery


An ENT doctor or surgeon can diagnose the perforation of the ear in a physical examination using an otoscope, an instrument that has a magnifier with a light, designed to look inside the ear. Other tests may include:

  1. Auditory Testing: An audiologist checks a patients' hearing in each ear, using sounds of varying volume and frequency.
  2. Computed Tomography (CT scan): A CT scanner uses X-rays and a computer to create images of the ears and surrounding structures.
  3. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): Using radio waves in a magnetic field, a scanner creates high-resolution images of the ears and surrounding structures.


If the symptoms are not very severe, most eardrums heal within a week's time. The ENT surgeon is likely to prescribe a few antibiotic ear drops. if the eardrum does not heal by itself, your ENT surgeon may use any of the following procedures to treat the perforated eardrum.

  1. Tympanoplasty - Tympanoplasty is the most common surgical procedure to treat a perforated eardrum. In this process, the ENT surgeon grafts a patch of your own tissue to close the perforated or ruptured eardrum. Tympanoplasty is done on an outpatient basis and once the process is done, the patient can go home. 
  2. Eardrum patch - In case the eardrum hole or the perforation does not heal on its own, the ENT surgeon may use a paper patch to seal it. The ENT surgeon may use chemicals to treat the eardrum and then apply a patch on the hole.

Why Pristyn Care ?

Pristyn Care is COVID-19 safe

Pristyn Care is COVID-19 safe

Your safety is taken care of by thermal screening, social distancing, sanitized clinics and hospital rooms, sterilized surgical equipment and mandatory PPE kits during surgery.

Assisted Surgery Experience

Assisted Surgery Experience

A dedicated Medical Coordinator assists you throughout the surgery journey from insurance paperwork, to free commute from home to hospital & back and admission-discharge process at the hospital.

Medical Expertise With Technology

Medical Expertise With Technology

Our surgeons spend a lot of time with you to diagnose your condition. You are assisted in all pre-surgery medical diagnostics. We offer advanced laser and laparoscopic surgical treatment. Our procedures are USFDA approved.

Post Surgery Care

Post Surgery Care

We offer free follow-up consultations and instructions including dietary tips as well as exercises to every patient to ensure they have a smooth recovery to their daily routines.

Pristyn Care in Numbers

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Frequently Asked Questions

What could pain in the ear possibly indicate?


Ear pain in most cases is caused by an ear infection, such as otitis media. It is an infection of the middle ear. Ear pain could also be caused due to infection in the ear canal which is known as otitis externa.

How can I cure my eardrum perforation?

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What are the advantages of modern treatment?

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Is it possible to get ear pain without infection?

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How painful is a tympanoplasty?

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Can I regain hearing after the eardrum is ruptured?

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How long does a perforated eardrum take to heal?

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What are the complications of perforated eardrum?

The eardrum enables us to hear sounds. Any damage in the eardrum can cause trouble hearing. Usually, eardrum perforation gets healed on its own. The eardrum acts as a barrier and protects the middle and inner ear from any damage from and also prevents water from entering the ear. If the bacteria accumulates or water gets clogged in the ear, it can result in hearing loss. If not treated well on time, hearing loss can be accompanied by purulent discharge and severe earache. Eardrum perforation can also lead to a skin cyst called cholesteatoma. When the debris in the ear canal gets into the middle ear, it causes cholesteatoma. If not treated on time, the condition can damage the middle ear bones and lead to eardrum complications.

Is tympanoplasty safe?

Tympanoplasty is the surgical procedure to repair a ruptured or perforated eardrum by placing a graft. The goal of tympanoplasty is not just to close the graft by also to aid hearing. 

Tympanoplasty is a very safe and effective surgery to eradicate the middle ear problem and also to restore hearing. ENT surgeons rely on the technique to treat ruptured eardrums due to a high success rate. With the advances in medical technologies, a number of grafting materials are available today. A thorough diagnosis of the ear problem and careful placement of the graft and thoughtful planning of the surgery can lead to the paramount success of tympanoplasty. 

Tympanoplasty is a very safe surgery and nil to very minimal complications. On rare occasions, tympanoplasty may cause pain in the ear, trouble breathing, facial swelling, and fever. But, if tympanoplasty is performed by experienced ENT surgeons, even the least possible complications can be eradicated and the patient can highly benefit from tympanoplasty surgery.

What to expect after tympanoplasty surgery?

The ENT surgeon is likely to instruct you about how to take care of the ear after tympanoplasty. 

  • You should avoid blowing your nose.
  • You should avoid sneezing with an open mouth.
  • You should avoid water from entering the ear.
  • You should apply eardrops which are recommended by the doctor.

You may have the following symptoms for almost a week after tympanoplasty surgery.

  • A small amount of bloody discharge from the ear
  • mild pain in the ear which should get better with medicine
  • feeling of fullness in the ear

In many cases, these symptoms disappear within the next few days and the person can get back to normal life without any problem.

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