What are the benefits of prenatal care?
Prenatal care is important to stay healthy during pregnancy. The doctor and nurse will monitor the baby’s development and perform routine tests to help find and prevent any possible complications or problems. These regular prenatal checkups can help the female learn to take the best care of herself and her baby during pregnancy and steps to ease any discomfort during pregnancy.
Benefits of prenatal care include-
- Reduced risk of complications during pregnancy, labor or delivery
- Reduced risk of birth defects
- Regular tests, ultrasounds and diagnosis during pregnancy
- Proper nutritional information
How often should you have prenatal care visits?
How often the female goes for prenatal visits depends on how far along her pregnancy is. A female’s medical history and health condition can also determine the number of prenatal visits she needs. Females with high-risk pregnancy may need more prenatal visits and regular care. Typical prenatal care schedule for a female who is between the age of 18 to 35 years old and healthy is-
- Visit to doctor every 4 - 6 weeks for the first 32 weeks of pregnancy
- Visit to doctor every 2 or 3 weeks for the 32nd-37th weeks of pregnancy
- Visit to doctor every week from the 37th week until delivery of the baby
- The doctor might ask the female to visit for antenatal check-ups more often if she has a high-risk pregnancy.
What complications can be prevented with prenatal visits?
Most females have a normal pregnancy without any complications. However, some pregnant females might experience complications that can involve their health or the baby’s health. Sometimes, various diseases or conditions the female has before pregnancy can lead to complications in pregnancy. Some complications may also occur during delivery.
Most of such complications which occur during pregnancy and at the time of delivery can be prevented and detected early with prenatal visits. Early detection with prenatal care can reduce further risks to the female and the baby.
Common complications that occur during pregnancy include-
- high blood pressure
- gestational diabetes
- loss of pregnancy, or miscarriage
- preterm labor
Early detection of such complications can prevent any risks or harms to the baby and the female. With regular prenatal visits, the doctor can detect and control these complications and prevent any harm to the pregnancy.
6 Month of pregnancy care
6 Month of pregnancy marks the end of the second trimester. The tummy does not really get too heavy at this phase. The eyelids of the baby open during this month and the baby's taste buds build around this time. The mother gains some weight by this time and starts experiencing swelling in her hands and feet. Sleeping at ease could be a little difficult for the mother at this stage.
Common symptoms of 6th-month pregnancy include:
1. Indigestion and constipation
Most expecting mothers experience heartburn and constipation throughout pregnancy. But as the pregnancy progresses and the uterus exerts pressure on the bowels it causes indigestion which leads to constipation. To manage the condition, you should drink plenty of water, consume a diet rich in fibre and exercise regularly.
2. Hunger cravings
The hunger craving and the appetite of the mother increases during the 6th month of pregnancy. The fetus's organs develop during this stage and hence the body needs to provide increase vitamins and nutrients. Due to this, you may feel hunger cravings during the 6th month of pregnancy. You should choose to eat fruits, sprouts, salads and not settle for any junk foods.
Edema is a very common symptom during the 6th month of pregnancy. In this condition, the hands, feet and ankles swell. You may also notice swelling on different parts of the face such as the cheek and the eyes. To prevent the condition of edema, rest your legs in an elevated position and avoid wearing tight clothes.
Backache may start anytime during the pregnancy and cōntinue till the delivery. The increase in the body weight and the size of the uterus during the 6th month of pregnancy causes backache. Maintaining a good body posture while sitting, standing or walking is important here.
Along with these symptoms, the expecting mother is likely to experience itchiness in the abdomen, sleepless nights, body pain, and varicose veins.
How can husband care during pregnancy?
Pregnancy is exciting but the sense of responsibility should be on both partners. Both the partners need support from each other to strengthen their bond as they progress as a team in this.
Duties of a father-to-be during pregnancy
- Help her with morning sickness. Help her relax, rest and get comfortable.
- Know what your wife is going through. The experience is new for both of you. Educate yourself on what you can do and how to help her.
- During the course of pregnancy, the female will go through mood swings and emotional struggle which are natural. Be patient and sensitive towards her.
- Accompany her during the check-ups. This phase is yours as much as hers. Be there with her, make her feel secure, and lives the little moments of joys together.
- Be a good listener. Pregnancy can be irritating and frustrating at times. Your wife is likely to have grievances. Be a good listener and listen to what she has to say.
- Be with her. Cook with her. Go out with her. Keep her happy and let her do activities and things that make her happy. Be her closest person as you both step into a new phase of life.