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What is Arthroscopy?

Arthroscopy is one of the most successful procedures for treating joint conditions. The procedure was originally used for standard open surgeries only. But with the advancement of surgical tools and techniques, several conditions can be successfully treated with an arthroscope. 

An arthroscope consists of a small tube whose one end is connected to a small camera and light for viewing, and is inserted into the body through a small incision. This is done with special surgical tools used for grasping, probing, and cutting. The arthroscope produces a clear view of the surgical site on a screen which helps surgeons perform the procedure more efficiently.

Types of disease

Ankle arthroscopy

Elbow arthroscopy

Wrist arthroscopy

Knee arthroscopy

Shoulder arthroscopy

Hip arthroscopy

Conditions treated by Arthroscopy

  • Chronic and acute injuries like shoulder impingement, rotator cuff tendon tears, recurrent shoulder dislocation, cartilage or meniscus tears in the knee, anterior cruciate ligament tears, carpal tunnel syndrome in the wrist, chondromalacia, etc.
  • Loose cartilages and bone fragments in the shoulder, knee, elbow, ankle, and wrist joint.
  • Synovitis, or inflammation of tissues around joints of knees, shoulders, elbows, ankles, and wrists.


  • Ankle pain
  • Joint stiffness
  • Shoulder pain
  • Restricted range of motion
  • Swelling and inflammation
  • Pain in knee joints
  • Weakness or instability of joints of knees, ankles, wrists, shoulders, etc.
  • Clicking or catching of the affected joint repeatedly
  • No response to RICE treatment (Rest, Ice, Compression, Rehabilitation)
  • No improvement in symptoms after prolonged physical therapy


Before you decide to get an arthroscopy treatment of your condition, there are some things you should discuss with your surgeon. Some important issues which you should talk to your surgeon about include:

  • Medical history: Inform if you have any medical conditions or allergies,  or if you have undergone any surgery in the past.
  • The procedure: Discuss the risks, benefits, and possible complications of the surgery before making a decision.
  • If your surgery is going to be under the influence of general anesthesia, get an assessment done by an anesthetist or surgeon to make sure that the medication is suitable for you.
Medical issues to consider before having arthroscopic surgery

Risks & Complications

Arthroscopy is a safe procedure and has a high success rate.  But like all other surgeries, it carries some risks. Temporary issues like bruising, swelling, stiffness, discomfort, and mild pain are normal after arthroscopy,  and these symptoms fade out a few days after the procedure. 

However, one in a thousand patients may experience abnormal symptoms and complications. Some potential risks and complications that you should be on the lookout for are listed as follows.

  • The formation of a blood clot in one of the limbs also known as deep vein thrombosis. The condition can be very painful and cause swelling in the affected limb.
  • Persistent high fever accompanied with swelling in the operated knee. 
  • Internal bleeding is accompanied by pain and swelling in the operated limb.
  • Numbness and loss of sensation in the operated limb can be a sign of accidental nerve damage.

If you experience any of the above-given symptoms after arthroscopic surgery, contact your doctor immediately. 

  • Advantages of an arthroscopic surgery

    Advantages of an arthroscopic surgery

    Advantages of an arthroscopic surgery

    Arthroscopic surgeries have an edge over traditional surgical methods for a variety of reasons.  Some of these advantages and merits are listed as follows.


    • Lesser pain: Arthroscopic surgeries don’t require large and multiple incisions.  This eliminates the need for several stitches, which in turn reduces pain and scarring significantly after the surgery.
    • Quicker recovery:  The duration of the recovery period after arthroscopic surgery is shorter as compared to traditional surgery. This is because arthroscopy reduces muscle and tissue trauma significantly and allows the body to heal faster.  
    • Minimal scarring: Arthroscopic surgeries minimize scarring as they don’t require long and multiple incisions or numerous stitches. 
    • Reduced need for medication: As arthroscopic surgeries minimize pain and reduce the recovery period significantly, the patient doesn’t rely on pain medications for longer and can avoid the side effects of the same.
    • Shorter hospital stays: After arthroscopic surgery, the body is able to heal quickly and the patient is not required to stay in hospital for several hours. Most patients are discharged on the day of the surgery. 
  • Returning to normal activities

    Returning to normal activities

    Returning to normal activities

    The duration of the recovery period varies from patient to patient. At the time of your discharge, your doctor and post-operative care team will formulate a recovery plan for you to follow and will advise you how long you should wait before resuming day-to-day activities.

    You’ll need to take at least two weeks off from work after the surgery to give your body proper rest. It should be noted that this period is not the same for all and largely depends on the type of job the individual has. 

    You will be able to resume driving a few weeks after the surgery.  However, the period can extend to a few months for some patients depending upon their recovery and health. You should consult with your doctor and discuss your condition with your doctor before you start driving again.

  • Taking care of yourself at home after an arthroscopy

    Taking care of yourself at home after an arthroscopy

    Taking care of yourself at home after an arthroscopy

    After arthroscopic surgery, you will be given some instructions to follow in your post-operative rehabilitation plan.  Some of the situations which you might be given are as follows.

    • You may be required to use crutches for a couple of weeks after the surgery to avoid pressure on the operated knee. 
    • Keep the operated leg raised above heart level as much as possible for a few days after the surgery. 
    • Try to flex your knee gently and slowly whenever you can do so. 
    • Use ice packs to control swelling and discomfort at the site of surgery.
    • Avoid any rigorous or physically straining activities. Do not engage in sports during the recovery period and give your body sufficient time to heal. 
    • Wait for at least 4 weeks before you resume your job and routine activities. 
    • Start a physiotherapy program as soon as possible after the surgery to strengthen your muscles and joints again. 

Questions to ask your doctor .

Are there any alternatives to this surgery?
Are results guaranteed after arthroscopy?
Is arthroscopy the best treatment for my condition?
What are the advantages of undergoing arthroscopy?
Will I need to stop taking some medications before the surgery?
Do I need the surgery right away or can I wait for some months?
What if I do not undergo the procedure?
Is arthroscopy performed under anesthesia and what type of anesthesia would be administered?
Is arthroscopy a minimally invasive procedure?
How long does the procedure take?
What should I expect after the surgery?
Will I need bed rest after the surgery?
When will I be discharged from the hospital?
Is arthroscopy covered by insurance?
What are the possible complications and risks?
Will I have pain after the surgery?
What is the success rate of arthroscopy?
How long is the recovery period?
Will I require physiotherapy after the procedure?
How do I take care of myself after the surgery?
Will I need follow up visits with the surgeon?
When can I drive and return to regular activities after the surgery?
Pain management after the surgery?
Will I be prescribed medications after the surgery?

Treatment options & cost

Arthroscopic knee surgery cost can range from INR 1,80,000  to 2,50,000. 

Please note that this cost is for arthroscopy of one knee. The cost of the surgery will increase if you have to undergo arthroscopic surgery for both the knees. This cost also includes the basic costs of hospitalisation and postoperative care. 

Insurance coverage for Arthroscopy

Insurance coverage

Most insurance companies cover the cost of arthroscopic surgery. But the exact amount of coverage depends on your health insurance policy. To know the details, you should talk to your insurance provider to discuss the insurance coverage of our surgery. 

Insurance coverage for Arthroscopy
Recovery rate of Arthroscopy

Recovery after an arthroscopic surgery

The type of joint involved and the specific procedure used for surgery influences the time it takes to recover from arthroscopic surgery. For some people, it might be possible to return to routine activities in a few days. However, straining and demanding physical activities like sports and heavy lifting should not be resumed for some months after the surgery. Your post-operative care team and surgeon will advise you about how long you should wait before you get back to your routine life, and a post-operative care plan will be made for you. This will help you recover in the safest way possible. 

If you experience anything abnormal or suffer from any unexplained symptoms during your recovery period, talk to your surgeon without wasting time.

Recovery rate of Arthroscopy

Latest Research

  • Latest Research of Arthroscopy

    Arthroscopy Journal

  • Latest Research of Arthroscopy

    Arthroscopy Techniques

  • Latest Research of Arthroscopy

    In-Office Needle Arthroscopy for the Treatment of Anterior Ankle Impingement Yields High Patient Satisfaction with High Rates of Return to Work and Sport

  • Latest Research of Arthroscopy

    Improvement of arthroscopic surgical performance using a new wide-angle arthroscope in the surgical training

  • Latest Research of Arthroscopy

    Trends in the Use of Knee Arthroscopy in Adults

  • Latest Research of Arthroscopy

    Analysis of risk factors, complications, reoperations, and demographics associated with open and arthroscopic rotator cuff repair: An Analysis of a Large National Database.


What are the common orthopedic problems treated with arthroscopy?

The problems treated with arthroscopy include:

  • Reconstruction of the ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) of the knee joint
  • Repairing or removing of a torn meniscus of the knee
  • Removal of loose bone or cartilage
  • Repairing torn ligaments
  • Removal of inflamed synovial lining of the knee, wrist, shoulder, knee or ankle.
What joints are commonly examined by arthroscopy?

There are 6 joints that are most commonly examined using the arthroscope, including the knee, hip, writs, shoulder, elbow and ankle.

What types of knee injuries can be treated using arthroscopy?

The most common types of knee injuries that can be treated using arthroscopy include a torn ACL or PCL, torn meniscus, removal of Baker’s cyst, fractures, swollen synovium, etc. 

What are the benefits of arthroscopy?

There are numerous benefits of arthroscopy, including-

  • Minimally invasive orthopedic surgery
  • Precise surgery involving minimal risks and complications
  • Lesser trauma or damage to nearby tissues– only the damaged areas operated on.
  • Very less scarring 
  • Lesser joint stiffness or pain during the postoperative period
  • Minimal downtime from regular life
  • Earlier return to sports and physical activities
On what factors does the recovery after arthroscopy depend?

Recovery after arthroscopy surgery typically depends on the patient’s general health, the joint involved and the type of procedure you had (minimally invasive or traditional surgery). In case of surgery involving the lower limb, crutches may be required to assist walking for a few days. Your orthopedic surgeon will guide you through the recovery process and advise you on what to do to maximise your benefits of the procedure. 

Can you walk right after arthroscopic knee surgery?

Yes, most patients are able to walk the same day after knee arthroscopy

Facts and statistics around Arthroscopy

Why choose Pristyn Care?

Our team of experienced orthopedic specialists and surgeons are experts in performing modern orthopedic procedures such as arthroscopy, ACL reconstruction, meniscus repair surgery, carpal tunnel release and more. Our goal is to provide you with the highest quality of care available in the treatment of your orthopedic condition. We aim to provide state-of-the-art treatment and care for orthopaedic injuries and diseases to all patients. Pristyn Care is directed towards providing you a better quality of life, helping you achieve your goals, restoration of your health and quality of life in a timely manner. Our orthopedic surgeons can help you find relief from knee pain or any knee problem or injury and lead. Call us at 9311583423 and book your appointment with us today!

Global Statistics about Arthroscopy

  • Approximately 1.77 million estimated arthroscopic procedures are carried out annually in the United States. It was found that patients receiving physiotherapy treatment after knee arthroscopy had a significant increase in knee strength, nearly 26% more.

Source- <> 

  • Over 7,00,000 knee arthroscopies are carried out in the USA and 1,50,000 in the UK each year. 

Source- <>

  • More than 4 million arthroscopic procedures  are performed each year worldwide. 


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