Throat infection in kids

It is common for children to develop throat infection. However, it is nothing to worry about. Mostly, throat infections are likely to cause mild common cold that doesn’t cause any problems that can get better without any treatment. 

6 Causes of a Throat Infection in Toddler

  1. Common cold

    The common cold is the most common symptom of a viral infection. Your child is more likely to develop a cold during winter rather than round the year. Some of the other symptoms are sore, scratchy throat, fever, runny nose, and cough. It is always better to treat an infection without any medication. Ensure that your child is comfortable and gets plenty of fluids and rest.

  2. Hand, Foot, and Mouth disease

    The main cause of this disease is a group of viruses known as enteroviruses. Although this disease can occur around the year children are more likely to suffer from the condition during summer and fall. Some of the early symptoms your child is likely to experience are fever, sore throat, mouth pain along with red bumps and blisters on the hands and feet. These can develop in the buttocks and around the mouth also. Pediatricians generally prescribe taking acetaminophen or ibuprofen for getting relief from the fever and pain. It is also important to drink plenty of fluids and rest at home.

  3. Strep throat

    Caused due to a part type of streptococcus bacteria, this is another common throat infection that develops in children. The symptoms of strep throat- pink skin rash, fever, headache, etc are similar to that of a viral infection. Cough and runny nose are not symptoms of strep throat. Hence, doctors prescribe a swab for rapid testing or culture testing. Mainly, doctors provide antibiotics to fight against the infection and prevent it from getting complicated.

  4. Pharyngitis

    After strep throat, pharyngitis is the soreness in the throat that can cause inflammation of the tissues of a child’s pharynx. The infection can develop due to viruses and bacteria. Your child is likely to develop pharyngitis if he/she shares the foods and drinks of an infected person. The germs can easily spread in schools, daycare centers, playgrounds, etc.

  5. Tonsillitis

    Tonsillitis in children is one of the most common infections that develop in the throat. The tonsils swell leading to difficulty in swallowing or breathing. Leaving the condition of the enlarged tonsils untreated can cause obstructive sleep apnea in children. In this illness, the enlarged tonsils can obstruct the child’s air passage. This leads to difficulty in breathing. In some instances, tonsillectomy is recommended. Know here how to take care of children after a tonsil removal surgery.

  6. Peritonsillar or retropharyngeal abscess

    In this condition, there is an area that is filled with pus at the back of your child’s throat, next to one of the tonsils. This enlarged tonsils can lead to serious complications such as blocking the throat, difficulty in swallowing, speaking, and sometimes even breathing. 

Also Read: What Parents Should Know About Adenoids in Children

Symptoms of a throat infection in toddler

If your child has any of the following signs, it indicates that they have an infection in the throat. Moreover,  there can be problems with severe symptoms. Hence, seek medical help without any further delay-


  • Running a high fever (102 degrees F or higher) that doesn’t seem to come down
  • Stiff neck 
  • Soreness in the throat
  • Difficulty in swallowing, especially if they are drooling 
  • Refusing to drink or drinking less than normal
  • Severe pain in the throat
  • Sleepiness that they are hardly able to wake or remain to be awake
  • There’s a rash, headache, stomach ache or vomiting 
  • Difficulty in breathing 

Treatment of throat infection in children 

Home remedies of a throat infection in children

Here are some ways that can help make your child with a throat infection feel better and more comfortable.

  1. Give them cold liquids or cold foods such as popsicles, ice cream, or refrigerated jelly. 
  2. Make sure that they are hydrated. Continuously give them some liquid to sip on.
  3. After speaking with the doctor, give them the right dose of acetaminophen or ibuprofen.
  4. If the mouth is sore, then don’t give them salty, spicy, acidic foods or foods that have sharp edges.
  5. To keep the throat moist, use a humidifier. 

Preventing throat infection in toddlers 

Some of the preventive measures that can throat infection in children over 5 years of age are-

  • Wash hands frequently
  • While coughing or sneezing, cover the face with a tissue or upper arm
  • Clean toys 
  • Do not share drinking cups with children

Also Read: Indian Home Remedies For Cough For Kids

You can also consult with a Pediatric ENT specialist from Pristyn Care if your child is experiencing some of the above symptoms. Book an online consultation today!

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