Sore throat captures every second person annually, but some people find themselves a bit less fortunate when it comes to the cure. What is the reason?
Affecting almost 60% of the world population, tonsillitis is a common ailment that causes various problems. The most visible one is white spots in the throat.
What do White Spots in the Throat indicate?
The white spots that are visible at the back of the throat are actually on your throat. People having such spots on the throat often report of irritation and pain in the throat. Moreover, the pain can be severe sometimes that swallowing foods also becomes difficult.
Some other symptoms that people suffering from white spots on the throat experience are-
- Soreness in the throat
- Running a fever
- Congestion of the nasal airways
- Pressure around the eyes
- Pain in the whole body
- Difficulty in swallowing
Common Causes of white spots near Tonsils
White spots in the throat is the most common symptom of any infection in the throat. The throat can be infected by bacteria, fungi or viruses.
Moreover, people with weakened immunity are at a higher risk of developing white spots in the throat.
Some of the infections that can develop are-
Strep Throat – Children are at a greater risk of this condition. It leads to sore throat, swelling of glands in the neck and fever or headache. This bacterial infection often causes white spots on the throat.
Oral Thrush – A weak immune system is an ideal ground for a fungal attack. White spots may also appear on cheeks or tongue. It makes it tough to swallow food while causing pain and loss of taste.
Viral Tonsillitis – Swelling of tonsils, excessive pain while swallowing food, fever, and nasal congestion together validate the spread of viruses in the body.
Tonsil Stones – Some cracks and crevices at times on the tonsils can have the material get trapped inside them. Mucus gets stuck and time hardens it to calcify leading to white spots.
Mononucleosis– Commonly known as the mono, this is an infection caused by viruses. Some other symptoms of mononucleosis are fever, large tonsils, sore throat, etc.
Oral and genital herpes- This is another reason due to which white spots on the throat can develop. This can easily spread from one person to another.
Some other causes, which are not very common, that can lead to white spots in the throat are discussed below-
- Oral herpes
Doctors suggest some blood tests that can identify the infection-causing bacteria and viruses. In addition to blood tests, they can also recommend throat culture.
In this diagnostic test, tissue samples are collected from the tonsils using cotton swabs and sent to laboratories for diagnosis. The throat culture helps confirm the type of infection that is causing white spots on the throat.
How to treat White Spots in the Throat?
The treatment of getting rid of white spots in the throat depends on what’s causing it. The spots may be confined to your tonsils only while you may find them throughout your mouth as well.
Home Remedies to get rid of white spots in the throat-
- The hands-on treatment till you can reach out the doctor is simple- gargling warm salty water several times during the day.
- Antibiotics are the most common treatment prescribed by the doctors for white spots due to infection from viruses.
- Sipping warm liquids continuously to get relief from throat pain.
- Taking plenty of rest helps. The reason being when you are asleep, the body fights off the infection.
- Taking throat lozenges can soothe out the discomfort associated with the condition.
In any case, when they do not seem to go away in a few days even after following these DIY remedies, you need to see the ENT doctor.
However, situations may get worse due to untimely identification, delaying of treatment or lack of awareness. This at times calls for a surgery that simply removes the tonsils.
What about surgery for white spots in tonsils?
Along with recurrent tonsils, if you have enlarged tonsils, then you can opt for Tonsillectomy Surgery. The damaged tonsils are removed using the plasma rays. The surgery might last up till 30 -45 minutes. This involves the total elimination of the infected tonsils.
You may recover from the surgery in a week or ten days. You may experience internal ear pain following the surgery – but do not worry! Your ears are simply safe.
How to prevent white spots in the throat?
In order to prevent the infection that is causing the white spots in the throat, you can follow some simple measures.
- First, you can prevent the spread of infection by washing hands properly. You can focus on building a strong immune system.
- Also, cover nose and mouth while coughing or sneezing. You may find silly but even minor things can prevent bigger harms.
- Avoid contact with people who are already sick.
- Don’t share food, drink or utensils.
- Don’t put your hands on the eyes and face.
- Eat a balanced diet.
- Drink at least 1.5-2 liters of fluids daily.
- Take ample rest.
Take good care of the throat and embrace all seasons.
Also Read: Something Stuck in my Throat Remedy