Urethritis is a condition in which the urethra or the tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the body becomes inflamed and irritated. Pain during urination is the key symptom of urethritis. Urethritis usually occurs due to bacterial infection and can be cured with antibiotics.
- Pain with urination (dysuria)
- Want to urinate frequently
- Trouble starting urination
Urethritis may also cause pain, itching, and discomfort when a person is not urinating.
Other symptoms may include:
- Pain during sexual intercourse
- Secretion from the vagina
- In men, blood in the semen or urine
Most episodes of urethritis are caused by infection by bacteria that enter the urethra from the skin around the urethra’s opening. Bacteria that commonly cause urethritis to include:
- E. coli: present in stool
- Gonococcus: sexually transmitted and causes gonorrhea.
- Chlamydia trachomatis: sexually transmitted and causes chlamydia.
Some other organisms that can cause urethritis
- Herpes simplex virus (HSV-1 and HSV-2)
Sexually transmitted infections like gonorrhea and chlamydia are typically confined to the urethra. But they may extend into women’s reproductive organs, causing pelvic inflammatory disease.
In men, gonorrhea and chlamydia may cause epididymitis, an infection of the epididymis, a tube on the outside of the testes. Both pelvic inflammatory disease and epididymitis can lead to infertility.
Your doctor may guess an infection is there if you are having painful urination.
Tests may help verify the diagnosis of urethritis and its cause. Tests for urethritis may include:
- Physical check-up of the genitals, abdomen, and rectum
- Urine tests for various bacteria
- test of any discharge under a microscope
Antibiotics can treat urethritis caused by bacteria. Numerous different antibiotics can treat urethritis as prescribed by the doctors.
Urethritis due to Trichomonas infection is generally treated with antibiotics known as metronidazole (Flagyl) and Tinidazole (Tindamax). Your sexual partner must also be treated to prevent reinfection. these ae just the random antibiotics which can be prescribed after analysing the patients body State.
Mostly, the exact organism causing urethritis cannot be identified. Then, the doctor may prescribe one or more antibiotics to treat an infection that may be present.
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