The science, research, treatments made towards the lower portion of gastrointestinal tracts is known as the proctology. Gastrointestinal Tract is assumed to be the critical system inside the human body which involves various process leading to important body functions. A single problem in any of the process may disturb the abdominal function and may lead to pain or discomfort.
Proctology is taken as the colorectal exam which enable to find the answers related to the correct working of the colonic system. When it comes to improved digestive system, one should have a smooth working colon system so it become important to find out the source and severity of the problems. A general practitioner usually failed to find the colorectal related answers so better to recommend the proctologist.
Under the Proctology, Various Proctology Tools or Instruments are used by the Proctologist to analyse the exact problem with the GI system.
Yes, Under the proctology, fiber optics are inserted inside the body to detect the exact body problems with the help go proctology tools. Some tools are inserted by making a little hole in the body. Mini Video Camera is used to allow the inside view and to detect the exact problem which may form wider at later stage.
In short, due to innovative inventions, small incisions are more than enough to have a clear picture of body organs which was even difficult with a large incision.
As a whole, Proctology is the diagnosis, study & treatments of the disease related to the rectum, ano-rectal and anus area. It involves the surgical and non-surgical methods both.
Now-a-days, laser technique is widely used to treat the various ano-rectal problems. In a comprehensive way, proctology covers various rectum and colon examinations:-
- External examination
- Rectal examination
- Ultrasound diagnosis of abdominal cavity
- X-ray and endoscopic examination.
A doctor specialised in Proctology will treat various diseases such as hemorrhoids, anal fissure, epithelial coccygeal moves, benign and malignant diseases of the colon and rectum, rectal prolapse, ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, and others.