Urological disorders are common in most men and generally occur when they age. Some urological issues can result in complications that can affect the quality of life. The urinary system plays a vital role in man’s health. The urinary system encompasses kidneys, bladder, urethra, and reproductive organs.
Urinary disorders can emerge due to several issues such as congenital disabilities, trauma, illness, or aging. If you feel any odd symptoms- difficulty in urinating, blood in urination, foul smell in urine, frequent pain in the lower abdomen, leakage of urine, etc. Consult an experienced urologist who has a specialization in treating urological disorders.
According to NCBI, the total number of members of the Urological Society of India (USI) in 2018 was 2425 and another 1489 were associate members. With the 2019 Indian population being 1.37 billion, estimates one urologist for 564,171. They also documented in the research that elderly people in India have more urological problems in comparison to younger ones.
The following are some common urological issues that affect men most often:
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
The prostate is a small gland in the male reproductive system. Its role is to form the alkaline fluid that includes semen. This condition occurs when the prostate gland becomes enlarged and this disorder is also known as prostate hyperplasia. If the prostatic hyperplasia is non-cancerous it is called benign prostatic hyperplasia(BPH).
The urological conditions are common among men and are mainly caused by aging. There is no exact cause found. However, it is suggested that changes in male sex hormones along with aging could be a main factor of BPH. The symptoms of BPH include:
- Pain while passing the urine
- Finding blood in the urine
- Inability to void the urinary bladder
- A urinary stream that starts and stops
Urinary tract infection (UTI)
The urinary tract is divided into two categories- the upper tract and the lower tract. The upper tract consists of kidneys or ureters, and the lower tract involves the bladder, urethra, and prostate. If any germ or bacteria builds up anywhere in the urinary tract, it can result in infection. Urinary tract infections are common in men and can lead to discomforting symptoms:
- Burning sensation while peeing
- Frequent urge to urinate
- Pain in the lower stomach
- Cloudy or dark yellow urine
- Foul-smelling urine
Kidney stone is one of the common urological disorders. The stones usually form due to the crystallization of minerals and salts present in the kidney. This condition occurs due to eating unhealthy meals, obesity, or drinking too little water. There are different kinds of kidney stones that are classified depending on the size and type of them, such as calcium oxalate stones, uric acid stones, struvite stones, and cystine stones.
Some of the common symptoms and signs that can indicate the presence of kidney stones are:
- Pain that comes in waves with fluctuating intensity
- Sharp pain in the back and side
- A feeling of nausea and vomiting
- Feeling of feverish
- Red or brown-colored urine
Urinary bladder stones
Urinary bladder stones mostly occur when the bladder is not emptied properly or left with some urine in it. Mostly, men who are above 50 years of age are more likely to get affected by this urinary disorder. Bladder stones are caused due to dehydration, diet, enlarged prostate, kidney stones, or swelling in the bladder. In rare cases, bladder stones do not cause any discomfort or any problems. But, in most cases, bladder stones can lead to painful symptoms such as experiencing discomfort or hard to pee, pain while passing urine, burning sensation while urinating, and dark color urine.
Erectile dysfunction is a urological disorder that affects the sexual life of men. There can be various reasons that can cause erectile dysfunction, such as high blood pressure, the blood flow is not enough in the penis, nerve damage, diabetes, consumption of drugs, excessive smoking, or low testosterone. The mentioned are physical causes of erectile dysfunction. However, it can also be affected by emotional causes- stress, depression, anxiety, etc. The major symptoms of this urological disorder are trouble maintaining an erection, not being able to perform sexual intercourse, and reduced sexual desire.
When the foreskin of the penis is not retractable or can not be pulled back, this condition is known as phimosis. It results in foreskin problems such as infections, inflammation, and pain in the penis while urinating. Phimosis is a condition that commonly occurs in uncircumcised men. Symptoms that indicate phimosis are:
- Redness in the glans of the penis
- Pain in maintaining an erection
- Discomfort in sexual activity
- Swelling around the head of the penis
- Soreness in the penis
Also Read: Everything you should know about phimosis
Sudden or involuntary urine leakage is called urinary incontinence. This usually happens when the man loses control or the control is weakened on the urinary bladder. Urinary incontinence is caused due to enlarged prostate, obstruction in the urinary tract, aging, urinary tract infection, or neurological disorders. This urological disorder is also common among others and the amount of leakage may differ from one man to another depending on the factor due to which the condition is caused.
In the above-written article, you can find the seven most common urological issues affecting men. The urology disorder and severity of the same may vary from one person to another. However, if you feel any odd symptoms or signs mentioned above, consult a urologist near you for a thorough evaluation to get the most suitable treatment. Pristyn Care has highly experienced urologists that have an average experience record of 7 to 13 years. You can either call us on the mentioned number to speak to our medical coordinator to get complete assistance for urology treatment or fill out a form to book an appointment with a urologist for a free consultation.