4 Common Types of Urinary Diseases

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Nikhil Rana

Urinary Diseases
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What are Urinary Diseases?

The term urinary diseases describe a wide variety of conditions, which is related to filtering and also carrying out urine out of the body. These diseases can affect men, women and children of every age. Urinary diseases affect specific parts of the body. In females they involve urinary tract, in men it affects the reproductive organs.

Some most common Urinary Diseases

There are plenty of urinary disorders. The following are a selection of some diseases:

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

Urinary benign prostatic hyperplasia

BPH is an enlarged prostate, it’s an increase in the size of the prostate gland. BPH is common in older men. It is not directly connected to prostate cancer.

The symptoms of BPH are caused by the pressure that a larger prostate will place on the urethra. The urethra is the narrow tube that carries urine from the bladder. Men suffering from BPH might experience a frequent urge to urinate. They may also feel the weak stream when they go for urination and still feel that the bladder is not empty. So, severe cases can be treated with the help of surgery.

Urinary Incontinence

 loss of bladder control

Urinary incontinence is the loss of bladder control. It results in the unwanted leakage of urine. The condition can be embarrassing or inconvenient. There are some things which can cause urinary incontinence, a few common causes include:

  • Pregnancy
  • Diabetes
  • Enlarged prostate
  • Weak bladder muscles
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Injury to the spinal cord
  • Severe constipation
  • Weak sphincter muscles

In some cases, lifestyle changes like controlling your fluid intake can be enough to address the problem. If these approaches do not work, then your doctor might suggest for the surgery.

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)

symptoms of a UTI

UTIs are the result of pathogenic bacteria which invade the urinary tract and cause the infection. They are common in women, although men can suffer from it too. The burning sensation which is felt is one of the symptoms of a UTI. Other symptoms include frequent urge to urinate and the bladder is not empty after urinating.

Kidney and Ureteral Stones

 stones in Kidney

The stones which are developed in kidneys when there are crystals in the urine and small particles surround and get collected on these crystals. Ureteral stones move from the kidney to the ureter. These stones can block the urine flow and cause a considerable amount of pain. The larger stones can be problematic as they result in blockage.

You will require surgical procedures in some of the instance to remove the large stones. ESWL is one of the most commonly used techniques. The procedure involves using sound waves to break the stones into smaller pieces.

Other Urological Conditions

Some common urological conditions can include:

  • Bladder cancer
  • Bladder prolapse
  • Prostate cancer
  • Overactive bladder
  • Prostatitis
  • Hematuria

Tips to improve your Urological Health

 improve your Urological Health

There are some guidelines which are as follows:

  • Staying hydrated
  • Staying within a healthy weight range
  • Smoke free lifestyle
  • Limit fluid intake in the nighttime hours
  • Strengthen muscles of the pelvic area with kegel exercises
  • Limit the amount of salt and caffeine intake

Also read: Some Key Exercises for Urinary Incontinence

You should always go for regular checkups of the urinary diseases. Make sure to tell your doctor any symptoms you develop as then urinary disease can be treated in no time. In fact, you are the best advocate for your own health.

Also read: Most Recommended Erectile Dysfunction Exercises

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