What are Urinary Diseases?
The term urinary diseases describe a wide variety of conditions, which is related to filtering and also carrying out urine out of the body. These diseases can affect men, women and children of every age. Urinary diseases affect specific parts of the body. In females they involve urinary tract, in men, it affects the reproductive organs. Here are some common types of urinary diseases.
Some most common urinary diseases
There are plenty of urinary disorders. The following are a selection of some diseases:
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
BPH is an enlarged prostate, it’s an increase in the size of the prostate gland. BPH is common in older men. It is not directly connected to prostate cancer.
This situation can cause uncomfortable urinary symptoms such as blocking the urine, bladder, urinary tract or kidney problems. The symptoms of BPH are caused by the pressure on the urethra, inflammation of the prostate, kidney stones, narrowing of urethra or scarring in the bladder due to previous surgery. The urethra is the narrow tube that carries urine from the bladder. Men suffering from BPH might experience a frequent urge to urinate. They may also feel the weak stream when they go for urination and still feel that the bladder is not empty. So, severe cases can be treated with the help of surgery.
Urinary incontinence is another common urinary disease where there is loss of bladder control. There is unwanted leakage of urine when you sneeze, cough or get the urge to urinate. The condition can be embarrassing or inconvenient. Now the question is what causes urinary incontinence? It may be caused by:
- Enlarged prostate
- Weak bladder muscles
- Urinary tract infections
- Injury to the spinal cord
- Severe constipation
- Weak sphincter muscles
In some cases, lifestyle changes like controlling your fluid intake can be enough to address the problem. If these approaches do not work, then your doctor might suggest for the surgery.
Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)
UTIs can be infection in – kidneys, ureters, bladder or urethra. It is the result of pathogenic bacteria which invade the urinary tract and cause the infection. They are common in women, although men can suffer from it too. The burning sensation which is felt is one of the symptoms of a UTI. Other symptoms include frequent urge to urinate and the bladder is not empty after urinating. If you feel you have urinary tract infection, immediately consult a doctor. Drink a lot of water to flush out bacteria from the body.
Kidney and Ureteral Stones
Ureteral stones are kidney stones that get stuck in one or both ureters. Ureters carry urine from kidneys to the bladder. These stones can block the flow of the urine and cause a considerable amount of pain. The larger stones can be problematic as they result in blockage. The stones are formed due to the chemical imbalance in the urine. Drinking a large amount of fluids is recommended for the prevention of all kinds of stones.
You will require surgical procedures in some of the instance to remove the large stones. ESWL is one of the most commonly used techniques. The procedure involves using sound waves to break the stones into smaller pieces. Then it becomes easy to flush them out.
Other urological conditions
Some common urological conditions can include:
- Bladder cancer
- Bladder prolapse
- Prostate cancer
- Overactive bladder
Tips to improve your urological health
There are some guidelines which are as follows:
- Staying hydrated
- Staying within a healthy weight range
- Smoke free lifestyle
- Limit fluid intake in the nighttime hours
- Strengthen muscles of the pelvic area with kegel exercises
- Limit the amount of salt and caffeine intake
Most of the urinary problems are treated with antibiotics. Besides, every human is different and not all urinary issues are severe. Therefore, you should always go for regular checkups and check for symptoms of urinary disease or problem. Make sure you tell your doctor about all the symptoms. Consult a urologist as the treatment of urinary disorders include identifying and treating the causes and symptoms. If these are urinary disorders are left untreated, it can have serious complications.