Endometriosis is the condition when the tissues that are found on the inner side of the uterus grow on the outer side of it. The tissue lining the uterus is known as the endometrium. The name of the condition is derived from there.
On an estimation, the condition affects 1 in 10 women during their reproductive years. Mostly, endometriosis is a painful condition that takes place originally in the pelvic area. It is rare for the tissues to spread further past the fallopian tubes, ovaries, or the tissues lining the area of the pelvis.
The symptoms of Endometriosis tend to get worse around the periods.
Symptoms of Endometriosis include:
- Pelvic pain
- Increased pain around periods
- Painful intercourse
- Pain while passing stool and urinating
- Heavy periods (Also Read: Abnormal Menstrual Bleeding Disorders)
- Bleeding between periods
- Constipation or diarrhea
- Pain in lower back
- Severe Cramping
If endometriosis is not treated in time, it can also lead to infertility.
There is currently no permanent cure for Endometriosis. But, the condition can be managed by taking precautions and with comprehensive care. The patient needs to take measures for both pain management and also work on things to ensure a healthy lifestyle with good nutrition and physical workouts.
Food and lifestyle have an important role in action here. With monitoring the diet and lifestyle habits, the female can successfully get relief from the pain and discomfort caused due to this condition.
Foods to eat with Endometriosis
To get relief from the pain and inflammation caused due to endometriosis, it is best to take a healthy, nutrient-dense diet. Include a diet full of vitamins and minerals. Add the following foods to your diet:
- Fibrous foods like fruits, vegetables, legumes, whole grains.
- Food items rich in iron, such as green leafy vegetables, broccoli, green beans, fortified grains, nuts, seeds
- Food items rich in fatty acid like salmon, trout, walnuts, chia and flax seeds
- Antioxidant-rich foods, which include juicy, colorful fruits and vegetables, like oranges, berries, spinach, beets.
Make sure to pay attention to how your body reacts when you change your diet to certain foods. Make a note of the foods you eat and look for any symptoms you feel when having a certain diet. Discuss it with your gynecologist for the best results.
Foods to avoid with Endometriosis
Lifestyle choices can highly influence the severity of endometriosis and also increase further risks. Such choices can also have an effect on how complicated, painful or well-managed the disorder is.
Foods to avoid while having Endometriosis are:
- High trans fat in the diet should be avoided. There are several kinds of research that have found higher rates of an endometriosis diagnosis in women with more trans fat in their diet. Trans fat is found in – fried food, processed food items, and fast foods.
- Consumption of red meat has also been associated with high risks of consumption of endometriosis. There is an increased risk of endometriosis development with a diet including a high intake of red meat.
- Another food item found harmful for patients with endometriosis is gluten. A study that had 207 females with endometriosis had shown that 75 percent of the patients had a decrease in pain after removing gluten from their diet.
Foods that can have an effect on hormone regulation, especially estrogen balance, can have a negative effect on endometriosis. Moreover, avoid or strictly restrict foods that may promote inflammation in the body and can cause pain or progression of the disorder. Make sure to say a big No to such foods that include: :
- Alcoholic beverages
- Caffeinated drinks
- Red meat
- Saturated and trans fat
Also Read: How to Delay your Periods Naturally?