Vaginal discharge or spotting in the middle of the menstrual cycle is not a cause for concern. A little amount of blood, causing spots on the underwear is spotting and is not a major thing to worry about. Light bleeding or spotting between periods is called Metrorrhagia or breakthrough bleeding. Any red-colored vaginal bleeding or discharge that occurs between the end of one period cycle and the beginning of the next cycle is called metrorrhagia.
What can be the cause?
This spotting may be red or brown in color. There can be many causes for such spotting. Below are mentioned the main causes of such abnormal bleeding:
In case of pregnancy, a female may experience mild bleeding, discharge or spotting. This generally happens when the fertilized egg in the female implants to the uterus lining. This process may cause mild bleeding and is called implantation bleeding. Some females also experience heavy or light cramping during that phase.
Miscarriage may cause abnormal or unusual bleeding in-between period cycle. It can happen during pregnancy or even during early pregnancy when the female is not even aware that she is pregnant. Taking an abortion pill can also cause bleeding because of miscarriage. This condition is supposed to have only mild bleeding or spotting. But in case it increases or the flow is heavy, seek professional help.
Hormonal contraceptive pills can cause abnormal red or brownish discharge. This generally happens during the first 3 months of taking such a pill. Some commonly used hormonal contraceptives include birth control patch, IUD, vaginal ring, the contraceptive pill or contraceptive implant. If this abnormal bleeding increases or is regular or the flow increases, consult your gynecologist. The gynecologist may suggest an alternative option for that.
Emergency contraceptive pills may cause spotting or light bleeding. Both IUD or the other contraceptive ( taken the next morning after the intercourse ) have the same effect.
STD ( Sexually Transmitted Disease )
Having a sexual disease can lead to spotting or bleeding between the period cycle. One of the main symptoms of Chlamydia, a Sexually Transmitted Disease is spotting or light bleeding between periods. This disease also causes spotting or light bleeding after or during sexual intercourse.
The vaginal area, both from the inside and outside area is very tender and gentle. The female’s body produces a natural lubricant to prepare the vaginal area for sexual intercourse. Lack of arousal, Hormonal imbalance, menopause, chemotherapy, high antibiotics, etch can lead to excessive vaginal dryness. Damaged tissues or skin inside the vagina can cause spotting. It can happen at the time of penetrative sex or if the vagina is very dry.
Menopause in women generally occurs between 45 to 55 years of age. It generally occurs when the female has not had a menstrual cycle for about one complete year. A woman can experience mild spotting or bleeding at the time of her menopause. At times it may even cause heavy bleeding.
Some types of cancers may also cause spotting or light blood discharge. The second most common cancer among females of any age is Cervical Cancer. This cancer generally happens to sexually active females of the age 30 to 45. Blood discharge, bleeding or spotting is one of the first symptoms of this disease. Cervical cancer can also cause other symptoms such as pain at the time of intercourse or abnormal vaginal discharge. Certain other cancers such as Uterine Cancer or Womb cancer also can cause vaginal bleeding.
Women should keep track of their menstrual cycle. If such bleeding is accompanied by other symptoms such as abnormal vaginal discharge, pain, cramps, itching, vaginal dryness, nauseous, etc wait no more and seek professional advice.