A vaginal yeast infection, also known as candidiasis, is a common fungal infection causing irritation, discharge and severe itching in the vagina and the vulva, the tissues at the vaginal opening.
A healthy vagina has bacteria and some yeast cells. But when the balance of bacteria and yeast changes, the yeast cells multiply and cause infection. Although vaginal yeast infection isn’t considered as a sexually transmitted infection, there’s a high risk of vaginal yeast infection at the time of first regular sexual activity.
Medications can successfully treat vaginal yeast infections. If you have recurrent yeast infections, like four or more within a year, you are required to go for a longer treatment course and a maintenance plan.
- Yeast infection symptoms may vary range from mild to moderate, and include:
- Itchiness and irritation in the vagina and vulva
- A burning sensation, particularly during urination or at the time of intercourse Redness and swelling of the vulva
- Vaginal rash
- Vaginal soreness and pain
- Watery vaginal discharge
- White, smell free, thick vaginal discharge with a cottage cheese appearance
Symptoms of complicated yeast infection
- When you have severe signs and symptoms, like extensive redness, swelling and itching that leads to cracks, tears or sores
- When you have four or more yeast infections in a year
- When your infection is due to a less typical type of fungus
- When you’re pregnant
- When you have uncontrolled diabetes
- When your immune system is weakened due to certain medications or conditions like HIV infection