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Causes and Risk Factors Related to Vaginal Yeast Infection

The most common problem amongst women is Vaginal Yeast Infection which makes their personal life miserable. Let's Check some of the causes & risk factors thereof.

Causes

The fungus Candida albicans is accountable for many vaginal yeast infections. The fungus Candida is a naturally occurring microorganism in your vagina. Lactobacillus bacteria prevent their growth in the vagina. But, when there’s an imbalance in your system, these bacteria won’t work efficiently. An overgrowth of yeast or penetration of the fungus into deep vaginal cell layers causes the signs and symptoms of a yeast infection. Yeast infections due to candida fungus other than Candida albicans can be more difficult to deal with, and usually need more aggressive therapies.

Risk factors

Factors that increase your risk of developing a yeast infection include:

Antibiotic use: Yeast infections are commonly found in women who take antibiotics. These drugs may kill off many of the bacteria that exist in your vagina leading to overgrowth of yeast.

Increased estrogen levels: Hormonal changes during pregnancy, breastfeeding or menopause or if you’re taking birth control pills, can change the balance in your vagina and cause the yeast infection.

Uncontrolled diabetes: Women with not well-controlled blood sugar are at greater risk of yeast infections than women with well-controlled blood sugar.

Weakened immune system: Women with lowered immunity like from corticosteroid therapy or HIV infection are more prone to get yeast infections.

Sex: Although yeast infection is not considered as a sexually transmitted infection, it may be transmitted from person to person through sexual contact.

Douches and vaginal sprays: The use of these products can change the balance in your vagina.

 


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