Balanoposthitis is a condition in males that affects the penis. It causes inflammation of the glans (head of the penis) and foreskin. The foreskin is also known as prepuce, is a fold of movable skin that covers the glans of the penis. Thus, glans is the rounded tip of the penis.

The foreskin is removed during circumcision, hence balanoposthitis affects only the uncircumcised males. Balanoposthitis can happen at any age. This has many causes, but because of poor hygiene and a tight foreskin will make it easier to have balanoposthitis. You should know that balanoposthitis is treatable.

This article will tell you about the balanoposthitis and some other related conditions.

Difference between balanoposthitis, phimosis and balanitis

Balanoposthitis is confused with similar conditions like balanitis and phimosis. It happens due to the similarity in the initial symptoms of these three conditions. But, in actual, each of these conditions affects a different part of the penis.

  • Phimosis is a condition which makes it tough to retract the foreskin
  • Balanitis is the inflammation on the head of your penis
  • Balanoposthitis happens when there is inflammation of both foreskin and penis head

man suffering from balanitis

Phimosis can happen alongside either balanitis or balanoposthitis. In some cases of balanoposthitis, phimosis acts as a cause and symptom both.

For example: if you have phimosis, you will develop irritation of the foreskin and glans. When this irritation occurs, there are symptoms like swelling and pain which makes it difficult for the foreskin to retract back.

Symptoms of Balanoposthitis

The signs of balanoposthitis will appear near the penis head and on the foreskin.  The symptoms of balanoposthtitis can range from mild to severe. Balanoposthitis can even make urinating or sexual intercourse uncomfortable.

A person suffering from balanoposthitis can show following symptoms:

  • Discolored skin
  • Tenderness, irritation, and pain
  • Itching
  • Dry skin
  • Unusual discharge
  • Tight foreskin
  • Foul smell

The symptoms depend on the cause of balanoposthitis. For example, if balanoposthitis is caused by a penile yeast infection, it will show symptoms like burning, itching along with a white discoloration around the penis head.

Also Read: 16 Skin Problems Affecting The Penis


Causes Of Balanoposthitis

There are a number of factors that will increase the risk of balanoposthitis. People who are suffering from balanoposthitis can have more than one cause leading to the condition.

Infections are also among the common causes of balanoposthitis. Infections which cause balanoposthitis include the following:

  • Chlamydia
  • Penile yeast infections
  • Gonorrhea
  • Fungal infections
  • Chancroid
  • Herpes simplex
  • Primary syphilis
  • Trichomoniasis

Penile yeast infection is among the common causes of balanoposthitis. It is caused by candida which is a type of fungus found in small quantities in the human body.

man suffering from balanoposthitis due to infection

Also, there are noninfectious conditions that increase the risk of balanoposthitis. These conditions include:

  • Tight foreskin
  • Injuries and accidents
  • Irritation from exposure to chemicals
  • Irritation caused by rubbing
  • Eczema

Balanoposthitis can happen due to everyday activities. According to an instance, some exposure to the chlorine in the swimming pool can cause penile irritation. In some cases, balanoposthitis can appear a few days after sexual intercourse and can be a result of rubbing.

Diagnosis of Balanoposthitis

When you are experiencing any irritation around the foreskin of the penis, the physician will examine you to identify the cause of the irritation. You should see a doctor who specializes in urology or in skin conditions.

The doctor might start by asking you about the symptoms and by examining your penis. The doctor may also require to take a swab sample from the glans under a microscope. Depending on the symptoms, some tests like biopsy or blood tests can be necessary.

Treatment of Balanoposthitis

The treatment of balanoposthitis will depend on the cause of irritation. Treating the cause will often clear up the symptoms. There are antifungal and antibiotic creams which are common treatments. You should make regular efforts to dry the foreskin can prevent balanoposthitis. You should also avoid soaps and potential irritants which is recommended.

There are several ointments and medications for the treatment of balanoposthitis. Clotrimazole, Lotrimin, Lotrisone are among the most widely used topical creams for balanoposthitis. It is beter to consult your doctor before using any ointment. It will keep you away from any kind of risk or complications. Mostly, these creams and medications can help in curing balanoposthitis. But, sometimes the symptoms of balanoposthitis flare up again after the use of ointments. Here comes the need for a permanent solution of balanoposthitis. Laser circumcision is the advanced way to permanently cure balanoposthitis. 

If you are worried about the complexity of laser circumcision, then fret not. The modern laser-based procedure is not much complicated and inflicts no pain. Laser circumcision involves no cuts, wounds, and stitches. And, there is no loss of blood in laser circumcision. The entire procedure takes about 15 minutes and the patient can go home on the same day. Also, laser circumcision being minimally invasive offers speedy recovery. The patient fully recovers within 3-5 days only after laser circumcision


When every other treatment option for balanoposthitis fails, laser circumcision is the best treatment. You can contact us at Pristyn Care to know more about laser circumcision. 



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