Balanoposthitis is a condition which affects the penis. It will cause inflammation of the glands and foreskin. The foreskin is also known as prepuce which is a fold of movable skin which covers the glans of the penis. The glans is the rounded tip of the penis. The foreskin is removed during circumcision, balanoposthitis will affect the uncircumcised males. It can happen at any age. This has many causes, but because of poor hygiene and a tight foreskin will make it easier to have balanoposthitis. This condition is treatable. This article will tell you about the balanoposthitis and some other related conditions.

Difference between balanoposthitis, phimosis and balanitis

Balanoposthitis is confused with similar conditions like balanitis and phimosis. These three conditions will affect the penis. Each condition will affect a different part of the penis.

  • Phimosis is a condition which makes it tough to retract the foreskin
  • Balanitis is the inflammation on the head of your penis
  • Balanoposthitis happens when there is inflammation of both foreskin and penis head

Phimosis can happen alongside either balanitis or balanoposthitis. In some of the cases, this acts as a cause and symptom. For example: by having phimosis, you will develop irritation of the foreskin and glans. When this irritation occurs, there are symptoms like swelling and pain which makes it difficult for the foreskin to retract back.

Balanoposthitis- Causes

There are a number of factors which will increase the risk of balanoposthitis. People who are suffering from balanoposthitis, you will have more than one cause.

Infections are also among the common causes of balanoposthitis. Infections which cause balanoposthitis will include:

  • Chlamydia
  • Penile yeast infections
  • Gonorrhea
  • Fungal infections
  • Chancroid
  • Herpes simplex
  • Primary syphilis
  • Trichomoniasis

Penile yeast infections are among the common causes of balanoposthitis. They are caused by candida, which is a type of fungus which is found in small quantities in the human body. There are noninfectious conditions which will increase the risk of balanoposthitis. These conditions will include:

  • Tight foreskin
  • Injuries and accidents
  • Irritation from exposure to chemicals
  • Irritation caused by rubbing
  • Eczema

Balanoposthitis can happen due to everyday activities. According to an instance, some exposure to the chlorine in the swimming pool which causes penile irritation. In some cases, balanoposthitis can appear a few days after sexual intercourse and can be a result of rubbing.

Balanoposthitis- Symptoms

The signs of balanoposthitis will appear near the penis head and on the foreskin, these can range from mild to severe. The symptoms can make urinating or sexual intercourse uncomfortable.

The symptoms include:

  • Discolored skin
  • Tenderness, irritation and pain
  • Itching
  • Dry skin
  • Unusual discharge
  • Tight foreskin
  • Foul smell

The symptoms will depend on the cause of balanoposthitis. For example, balanoposthitis can be caused by a penile yeast infection which can have symptoms like burning, itching and there is white discoloration around the penis head.

Balanoposthitis- Diagnosis

When you are experiencing any irritation around the foreskin of the penis, the physician will look to identify the cause of the irritation. You might have to see a doctor who specializes in urology or in skin conditions. The doctor might start by asking you about the symptoms and by examining your penis. The doctor might take a swab sample from the head under a microscope. Depending on the symptoms, some tests like biopsy or blood test can be necessary.

Balanoposthitis- Treatment

The treatment of balanoposthitis will depend on the cause of irritation. Treating the cause will often clear up the symptoms. The cause of balanoposthitis is unknown. In these cases, the treatment will focus on minimizing the discomfort during sex. There are antifungal and antibiotic creams which are common treatments. You should make regular efforts to dry the foreskin can prevent balanoposthitis. You should also avoid soaps and potential irritants which is recommended.


Balanoposthitis happens when irritation affects the glans of the penis. This has many causes and there is more than one cause is involved. The treatment is effective at clearing up the irritation and it relieves the related symptoms. Washing the foreskin can help to prevent the balanoposthitis.

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