Laparoscopic surgery is a surgical technique in which surgery is through minimal incisions in the body. The technique is also known as Minimally Invasive Surgery or Keyhole Surgery. Laparoscopic surgery is performed with the help of a laparoscope, a thin fiber-optic tube with a miniature video camera on its tip. The surgeon inserts the tube into the body through the small cut or cuts in the skin and the camera images are available on the monitor in the room.
How is it done?
Mostly, laparoscopic surgery is for organs such as abdomen, liver and intestine. The surgeon makes several small incisions; each around half-inch long. The surgeon inflates the abdomen before making incisions to get a clear view inside the abdomen. Defect area gets the treatment through these small incisions. After the surgery is complete, the air expells through the incisions. The doctor closes these incisions using sutures or adhesive glue.
What are the benefits of Laparoscopic Surgery?
The risk of bleeding during laparoscopic surgery is less because the size of the incision is very small in comparison to the large incision in open surgery. This decreases the possibility of a blood transfusion for any blood loss.
The small size incision(cut) decreases the risk of pain after surgery. Therefore, the patient doesn’t need long-term pain relief medications.
The small incision leads to the formation of a considerably smaller scar after surgery. In larger surgical wounds, the scar tissue that forms is more prone to infection. Also, it is more vulnerable to herniation, mostly in overweight and obese patients.
Lower risk of infection
In laparoscopic surgery, exposure of the internal organs to external contaminants is considerably less than open surgery. Hence, the risk of post-operative infection is very less.
Shorter stay in a hospital
The period of hospital stay is notably shorter with laparoscopic surgery, as the healing process is much faster. Usually, patients get a same-day or next-day discharge. This allows them to return to their normal lives much more quickly than after an open surgery technique.