Tubal ligation, also known as tubectomy, is the surgery to block a female’s fallopian tubes. Tubectomy is a permanent form of birth control. After this procedure, the egg can no longer move from the ovary through the fallopian tubes, and eventually to the uterus. Also, after tubectomy, the sperm cannot reach the egg in the Fallopian tubes after ovulation. This makes tubectomy a highly effective method to prevent pregnancy. Pregnancy with tubectomy is not possible. However, in extremely rare cases, pregnancy can occur.
A tubectomy is considered as one of the best and hassle-free birth control methods. Since it is permanent with a success rate as high as 99 %, tubectomy is a popular and widely used birth control method.
Can Tubectomy be reversed?
A female should decide to undergo a tubectomy after completely understanding that it is a permanent procedure. But, the procedure is carried out in such a way that it can be reversed surgically.
There is a surgical procedure that can reconnect the blocked segments of the fallopian tubes. However, it does not have an impressive success rate, of nearly 50 to 80 % of the time and involves an increased risk of future ectopic pregnancy.
Because tubectomy does not involve removal of the ovaries or uterus, in vitro fertilization is still an option to have a baby.
Tubal Ligation Recovery and Results
Most females recover from the laparoscopic tubectomy procedure with no complications. There are no tests needed to confirm that the female is now sterile after a laparoscopic tubectomy. However, minor side effects from laparoscopic tubectomy may include-
- Mild shoulder pain
- Abdominal cramping
- Sore throat (in case a breathing tube was used)
Possible Side Effects of Tubectomy
Any surgical procedure, including tubectomy, may come with a set of “unexpected” risks and complications. The side effects of tubectomy may include-
- Complications or allergies due to anesthesia- Apart from allergies, the female may also have breathing difficulties after the procedure.
- Accidental perforations and bleeding in the stomach- Surrounding blood vessels of the surgery’s site may get perforated, which can result in bleeding. However, the condition can be controlled by the doctor and is not commonly life-threatening.
- Infections- Abdominal pain or unexplained fever should be informed to the doctor immediately as it could be a sign of infection and requires medical attention.
- Perforation in the fallopian tube- Incisions in and around the tubes can rarely lead to perforation in fallopian tubes. This condition is fatal and can lead to internal hemorrhage. However, the risk of perforation in fallopian tubes is minimal.
Tubectomy is a safe and effective method of birth control for females who do not wish to get pregnant. There are many other methods of contraception both for males and females, but their 100 % efficacy always remains a doubt. Due to its high success and low-risk rate, more females are opting for tubectomy.