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IUI

What is IUI?

Intrauterine insemination, most commonly known as IUI, is a common fertility treatment in which the semen of the male partner is directly transferred into the uterus of the female partner. Many couples struggling to conceive a baby can consider IUI as one of the best and viable fertility treatment options. IUI is considered as effective as IVF in several conditions of infertility but the treatment is comparatively much cheaper and less invasive than IVF. Hence, most women/ couples consider IUI before progressing with IVF and other expensive fertility treatments. IUI is also known as alternative insemination, artificial insemination, or donor insemination.

IUI formation

How does IUI work?

The infertility specialist may give medications that help the woman to ovulate by the time the treatment starts. Once the woman ovulates well enough to facilitate the treatment, the IUI specialist will place the sperm from the male partner directly into the woman’s uterus. To do this, the doctor, specifically a gynecologist or infertility specialist will use a catheter to open the cervix and place the sperm into the uterus. Basically, unlike natural reproduction, in this process of assisted reproduction, the sperm does not have to swim through the vagina and the cervix to reach the uterus.

When is IUI needed?

  • Women who have ovulation problems, do not ovulate, such as those with PCOS, or hypothalamic patients
  • Women with unexplained infertility
  • Male partners with minor semen abnormalities or ejaculatory dysfunction
  • Male partners who have frozen sperm obtained prior to surgery, travel, or treatment for diseases
  • Anyone who needs donor sperm, such as LGBT couples, heterosexual couples struggling with male factor, or single women looking to conceive.

Diagnosis

Before deciding or settling for IUI, the infertility specialist will have to run a few diagnostic tests to determine the exact problem and decide the best line of treatment. Before beginning IUI, the doctor is likely to do the following/ any of the following tests:

1. Semen analysis – There could be several problems associated with the sperm of a male. To determine the exact, the IUI specialist will need to collect the sperm sample and send it to the lab in a clean container. The semen sample is then analyzed in the lab to find out what exactly is the problem.

2. Imaging tests – In several conditions, the male is suggested to undergo imaging tests such as MRI or ultrasounds of his genitals to find out if there are any underlying abnormalities with his organs.

3. Testicular biopsy – Testicular biopsy is yet another test to identify and determine abnormalities in the male reproductive system that might contribute to infertility. If the test shows any major abnormality, the couple might need to use donor sperm to get the treatment done.

4. Hormone testing – The hormone testing gives an estimate of the level of testosterone and other male hormones in the male.

5. Genetic testing – Genetic testing helps in determining if there is the presence of any genetic defect in the genitals of the male that is contributing to problems in conceiving for the couple.

Test of IUI

Risks & Complications

IUI is an advanced but quite commonly performed infertility treatment. If done under the supervision of a trained infertility specialist, there are hardly any chances of any major complications during or after the procedure. But, there are also medical reports of patients experiencing the following complications during or after the IUI procedure.

Risk of multiple births – IUI is often associated with multiple births. Several medical reports suggest that women who undergo IUI conceive twins or more. This complication is limited not only to IUI but is associated with most infertility treatments. Multiple pregnancies increase the risk of premature delivery, miscarriages, low birth weight, preeclampsia etc.

Infections – In IUI, the doctor inserts a catheter through the vagina and the cervix of the woman. This can put the woman at risk of getting an infection in her vaginal canal. Mild cramping, pain, and discomfort are normal in IUI. But, if the procedure of implanting the sperm is not meticulously done, the woman may suffer spotting and bleeding, and severe pain after the procedure. The risk of the condition can be lowered by taking proper rest after the implantation.

Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome – The fertility medicines taken during the course of the treatment may result in Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, which is a common complication involved in infertility treatments including IUI. In this condition, the ovaries swell and leak fluid into the body, and produce more eggs than usual.

These are some of the major complications involved with IUI treatment. But other than these, IUI treatment can also cause the following side-effects:

  • Hot flashes
  • Abdominal cramping
  • Light spotting for the next few days
  • Nausea, vomiting, and headache
  • Visual disturbances
  • Bloating
  • Ovarian cysts
  • Tender breasts

When to consult an IUI Specialist?

You should consult an IUI specialist when you and your partner engage in unprotected sex for more than a year but fail to conceive. You may try on your own for as long as you want, but getting medical help without delay is the best decision. If you have irregular periods, ovulation troubles, or your partner has a problem ejaculating, you should seek guidance from an IVF expert. If you have a heavy thyroid, it can whack your pregnancy outcome. In that case, too, you may need to check with an infertility specialist.


Questions to ask your doctor .

Will IUI help me conceive a child?
What is the success rate of the treatment at your clinic?
How does IUI work?
Are there any risks and complications associated with IUI treatment?
Will the cause of my infertility stay the same or get worse over time?
What infertility treatment options do I have if IUI does not prove to be effective in my case?
Is there anything I can do at my end to increase the chances of my pregnancy with IUI treatment?
What is the cost of IUI treatment at your clinic?
Will there be any complications during the process?
Will my treatment be covered under insurance?

Treatment options & cost

Irrespective of the type, assisted reproductive techniques are critical and very sensitive treatments. You cannot step into just any clinic or approach any doctor and undergo the treatment. You need to do some groundwork, find out the best doctor, and make sure you are in the right hands. To get started, you can do the following:

  • Ask your primary care provider, general physician, or family doctors for suggestions.
  • Make a list of the best infertility centers near your place. Consulting with one nearby can make a lot of things easier for you in the long run.
  • Ask friends who have undergone IVF earlier for recommendations.
  • Find out details of the infertility specialist, the team, and the clinic on the internet. Find out what people are talking about the doctor and the team at large.
  • Find out what the previous patients are talking about infertility on social platforms. Check for reviews and ratings.
  • Find out the doctor’s education and professional background, his/ her specialization, expertise, the number of IUI treatments that have been done at the clinic, basically whatever you can to ensure that you are at the right place.

Latest Research

Cities Where We Treat Iui

FAQ

Will IUI hurt?

For most women, IUI is a relatively painless fertility treatment. However, some women may find the insertion of the speculum to be a little uncomfortable if it is not lubricated. In very cases, the catheter might cause problems if the cervix of the woman is very narrow.

What is the success rate of IUI?

IUI is a common and effective assisted reproductive technique but there is no clear-cut success rate for the treatment. The success or failure of the treatment may depend upon the age of the woman, the lifestyle habits that the patient follows, and the expertise of the IUI specialist to a large extent.

How many days before IUI should you abstain from sex?

It usually should not be more than 72 hours since his last ejaculation to ensure the best motility. If the low sperm count is the reason for IUI, it is generally best to wait 48 hours between ejaculation and sperm collection.

Are there any restrictions after IUI?

There are no physical restrictions after IUI treatment. The patient can carry out daily activities without any problem. You might notice some spotting after the process, but that is normal. However, it is advised not to do any strenuous activities or heavy weightlifting during or post IUI treatment cycle.

Lesser known facts on IUI:

  1. John Hunter was the first person to achieve a successful pregnancy through IUI in London, in the year 1793. 
  2. The success rate of IUI in women below 35 years is 13 percent, within the age of 35-37, is 10 percent, within the age of 38-40 is 7 percent and in women above 40 years is 4 percent.

The success rate typically depends on your age and the reason for getting IUI treatment.

 

Why Choose Pristyn Care for IUI Treatment?

  • Pristyn Care works with some of the top infertility specialists/ IUI doctors of the country who have years of experience in leading couples to the joys of parenthood.
  • Pristyn Care is associated with the top hospitals and labs in the country that are equipped with state-of-the-art facilities to facilitate assisted reproduction.
  • The infertility specialists working with Pristyn Care do a thorough consultation in the case of every patient to understand their problems, evaluate their health condition, and then determine the treatment method that will work best.
  • Pristyn Care makes sure that the team is there for the patient throughout the treatment course. It is not just a treatment for us, it is a path to happiness, where every person involved works as a team.
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