The sinuses are four paired cavities, the spaces are connected by narrow channels. The sinuses form thin mucus that clears out of the channels of the nose. This drainage acts as a filtration system, keeping the nose clean and bacteria-free.
The sinuses may become infected when they get blocked and filled with fluid. This is called sinusitis. There are two types of sinusitis, one is acute and another, chronic. Acute sinusitis may last for a few days before going away with minimal treatment. Chronic sinusitis may linger over a long period of time. Surgery is needed in severe cases of chronic sinusitis.
Chronic sinusitis may occur when the spaces inside your nose and head are swollen for a longer duration, despite treatment. This common condition deters the way mucus normally drains and makes the nose stuffy. Breathing through the nose may become difficult, and the area around your eyes might feel tender. Chronic sinusitis can be a result of an infection, by growths in the sinuses or swelling of the lining of sinuses.
- Nasal inflammation
- Thick, discolored discharge
- Drainage down the back of the throat
- Nasal obstruction or congestion
- Pain, tenderness and swelling around the eyes
- Reduced sense of smell and taste
- Ear pain
- Pain in your upper jaw
- Cough or throat clearing
- Sore throat
- Bad breath
See a doctor immediately if you have the following signs or symptoms
- Fever or swelling or redness around your eyes
- Severe headache, or forehead, confusion
- Double vision or other vision changes
- Stiff neck, or nasal polyps
Common causes of chronic sinusitis
- Nasal polyps: These tissue growths can block the nasal passages or sinuses
- Deviated nasal septum: A disfigured septum may restrict sinus passages
- Certain medical conditions: The complications of conditions such as cystic fibrosis, HIV and other immune system-related diseases
- Respiratory tract infections: Infections in your respiratory tract can inflame and thicken your sinus membranes and block mucus drainage
- Allergies: Inflammation may persist due to allergies
Serious complications of chronic sinusitis complications are rare, but may include:
- Vision problems: If your sinus infection spreads to your eye socket, it can cause reduced vision or blindness that can be permanent
- Infections: People with chronic sinusitis may develop inflammation of the membranes and fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord
Take these steps to reduce your risk of getting chronic sinusitis:
- Avoid upper respiratory infections
- Minimize contact with people who have cold
- Wash your hands frequently with soap and water, especially before meals
- Manage your allergies
- Work with your doctor to keep symptoms under control
- Avoid exposure to things you’re allergic to whenever possible
- Avoid cigarette smoke and polluted air
- Tobacco smoke and air contaminants can irritate and inflame your lungs and nasal passages
Sinusitis is an inflammation that causes pain, and swelling in sinuses. Chronic sinusitis is sinusitis that lasts for a long time, over 12 weeks. Acute sinusitis is often due to a sinus infection, chronic sinusitis is not usually caused by bacteria and doesn’t get better with standard treatment, such as antibiotics.
What are the treatments for chronic sinus?
Chronic sinusitis may be an inflammatory disorder similar to asthma and allergies and treatment options include:
Antibiotics: Although doctors still disagree about the role of antibiotics as a treatment for chronic sinusitis, some people may find that amoxicillin with potassium clavulanate can help. Sometimes, doctors may prescribe other antibiotics.
Nasal corticosteroids: These steroid drugs can help the body heal, reduce inflammation, and provide some relief from symptoms. Some people experience side effects with steroids, so it is essential to talk to a doctor about the benefits and risks.
Surgery: Some people with chronic sinusitis may need surgery to clean their sinuses. This can sometimes be achieved with a balloon dilation, which takes place in the doctor’s office. If this is unsuccessful, then the sinuses may need to be removed.
Advantages of modern treatment of Sinus
The modern and most advanced treatment for sinus not only offers faster recovery but also know for long-lasting results. Some prestigious healthcare facilities are using the finest technology and manpower to take care of the sinus patients, perform treatments new and cutting-edge technology. They ensure to provide the best possible treatment for sinus disorders. For anyone who is suffering from sinus, no matter how mild or acute it is, you need to visit an ENT specialist and identify the causes of issues that can affect your health. You can ask queries about infections, diseases, and treatments. You can consult the best ENT specialist and get all your doubts and queries fixed. Don’t let your condition is keeping you from living life to the fullest, an ENT can help.
If you or someone you know are a patient of sinus or other nasal disorders, consult with an expert ENT specialist. If it suits you, you can take advanced daycare procedures to relieve the symptoms and get your own voice back.
Chronic sinusitis can be severely painful. Most people with sinus may feel sick for weeks, and struggle to participate in everyday life. Excellent medical care from a specialist can help, so see a doctor know the signs of sinusitis.