A nasal septum (bone or cartilage in the nose) acts as a wall between the two nostrils. The deviated septum can block the nasal passage. In addition to a deviated septum, turbinates can also block parts of the nose. A patient can take the most advanced care treatment for long-term sinusitis, nasal polyps, and conditions that block the nasal airway as well as nasal septum deviation.
To stop recurrent nose bleeds, doctors recommend undergoing a Septoplasty. It is one of the most common ears, nose, and throat (ENT) procedures, completely safe, and offers a higher success rate.
Is septoplasty really common?
In most cases, people are born with a deviated septum but in other cases, an accident or injury is to blame. When other treatments for nasal blockages fail to provide effective results, doctors often recommend septoplasty.
In the long term, a few patients may need surgery again. Although the healing is fairly quick, cartilage and other nasal tissues may take more time to fully settle into the new shape.
Some of the common reasons for undergoing septoplasty are:
- To correct a deviated septum that is blocking the nose and affecting airflow; it occurs when the septum bends enough in one direction to become crooked and makes breathing difficult
- Cases such as sinus surgery or tumor removal, doctors may also recommend a septoplasty
Additionally, for people when non-surgical treatments have not successfully treated snoring or obstructive sleep apnea, septoplasty surgery is performed.
How to prepare for the treatment?
As a patient, you need to tell an ENT doctor of all medications including nonprescription drugs, supplements, or herbs you are taking. Prior to surgery, patients should stop taking drugs such as aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, and certain herbal supplements which makes the blood clotting slower. Also, the doctor should be aware of allergies or bleeding problems of the patient.
Procedure of A Septoplasty
Septoplasty is performed on an outpatient basis, in a daycare procedure so most patients can go home on the same day of the surgery. In several cases, the patient is put under general anesthesia and is asleep during the procedure. The operation takes place entirely inside the nose. The doctor cuts a wall on one side and lifts or removes a thin membrane that covers and protects the septum (mucosa).
After this, the doctor reshapes the septum’s bone and cartilage. In some cases, small parts of the bone and cartilage are removed, later reshaped and repositioned. Afterward, the mucosa is placed back over the septum. The interesting fact to know is that the nose is not broken during surgery and operation takes anywhere between 30 and 90 minutes to complete. After this, the doctor may insert soft packing to hold nasal tissue in place. This prevents nosebleeds and the formation of scar tissue.
Also Read: How To Recover After A Septoplasty
Advantages of modern surgery
The treatment is performed with modern equipment, latest and advanced surgical devices and it provides quick relief from the symptoms. In simpler words, it improves breathing, quality of life, facial structure, and helps regain the sense of smell. It straightens the nasal septum by trimming, repositioning and replacing cartilage. The surgeon works through incisions inside the nose and when it’s necessary to make a small incision between the nostrils.
If the nasal bones are twisted and pushing the septum off to one side, it may be necessary to make cuts in the bones of the nose to reposition them. Spreader grafts are small, reinforcing strips of cartilage that can be used to help correct a deviated septum when the problem is along the bridge of the nose. Sometimes these are necessary to effectively straighten the septum.
Does it involve risks?
It was recorded that most people who have undergone septoplasty are quite happy, as per the data, more than 90% of septoplasty patients enjoy improved breathing, some do not. Unfortunately, the septum has a memory and may returns to its original shape in the long term.
Minor complications after septoplasty may persist if you smoke. You can have bleeding, infection requiring antibiotics or recurrent nasal obstruction. The rarest of them are- loss sense of smell or taste and cerebrospinal fluid leak.
Is septoplasty painful?
Most people with a deviated septum have one nasal passage that’s comparatively smaller than the other. This may result in breathing disorders and may exhibit symptoms such as nosebleeds and facial pain. An expert ENT specialist may perform a surgical procedure to remedy a deviated septum. The advanced surgical procedure is painless and involves fewer complications.
Some clinics are using the latest and most advanced technologies and high-precision surgical equipment. Many such clinics are present in India and they have the best ENT doctors who have specialized training to perform treatments and surgeries. If you want to explore your options and know more about the latest & modern care clinics, check our ENT page.