Well, septum (bone or cartilage in the nose) that acts as a wall between the nostrils. When the shape of the septum is disfigured, or unusual, it may block the nasal passage. Turbinates can also block parts of the nose. A patient can take the most advanced care treatment for long-term sinusitis, nasal polyps, and conditions that block the nasal airway as well as nasal septum deviation. Septoplasty is also recommended to stop recurrent nosebleeds. In most of the cases people are born that way but for others, an accident or injury is to blame. It is one of the most common ears, nose, and throat (ENT) procedures, completely safe and offers a higher success rate. However, doctors often recommend septoplasty after they have tried other treatments for nasal blockages.
Considering the fact that it is one of the most commonly performed surgeries for a deviated septum or crooked nose, in the long term, a few patients may need the surgery again. Given that the healing is fairly quick, cartilage and other nasal tissues may take more time to fully settle into the new shape.
Is septoplasty (deviated septum surgery) really common?
If a person blows nose, has a continuously blocked nose, or a deviated septum, a doctor may recommend septoplasty. Although, the main reason for having a septoplasty is:
- To correct a deviated septum that is blocking the nose and affecting airflow; it occurs when the septum bends enough in one direction to become crooked and makes breathing difficult
- Cases such as sinus surgery or tumor removal, doctors may also recommend a septoplasty
Additionally, for people when non-surgical treatments have not successfully treated obstructive sleep apnea or snoring problems, septoplasty surgery is performed.
How can you prepare for the treatment?
As a patient, you need to tell an ENT doctor of all medications including nonprescription drugs, supplements, or herbs you are taking. Prior to surgery, patients should stop taking drugs such as aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, and certain herbal supplements which makes the blood to clot slower. Also, the doctor should be aware of allergies or bleeding problems of the patient.
Procedure of deviated nose treatment
Septoplasty is performed on an outpatient basis, in a daycare procedure so most patients go home the same day of the surgery. In several cases, the patient is placed under general anesthesia and is asleep during the procedure. The operation takes place entirely inside the nose. The doctor cuts a wall on one side and lifts or removes a thin membrane that covers and protects the septum (mucosa). After this, the doctor may be able to reshape the septum’s bone and cartilage. In some cases, small parts of the bone and cartilage are removed, later reshaped and repositioned. Afterward, the mucosa is placed back over the septum. The interesting fact to know is that the nose is not broken during surgery and operation takes anywhere between 30 and 90 minutes. After this, the doctor may insert soft packing to hold nasal tissue in place. This prevents nosebleeds and formation of scar tissue.
Advantages of modern surgery
The treatment is performed with modern equipment, latest & advanced surgical devices and it provides quick relief from the symptoms. In simpler words, it improves breathing, quality of life, facial structure, and helps regain the sense of smell. It straightens the nasal septum by trimming, repositioning and replacing cartilage. The surgeon works through incisions inside the nose and when it’s necessary to make a small incision between the nostrils. If the nasal bones are twisted and pushing the septum off to one side, it may be necessary to make cuts in the bones of the nose to reposition them. Spreader grafts are small, reinforcing strips of cartilage that can be used to help correct a deviated septum when the problem is along the bridge of the nose. Sometimes these are necessary to effectively straighten the septum.
Does it involve risks?
It was recorded that most people who have undergone septoplasty are quite happy, as per the data, more than 90% of septoplasty patients enjoy improved breathing, some do not. Unfortunately, the septum has a memory and mat returns to its original shape in the long term. We know with any medical procedure, there are associated potential risks.
Minor complications after septoplasty may persist if you smoke. You can feel bleeding, infection requiring antibiotic or recurrent nasal obstruction. The rarest of them are decreased the sense of smell or taste and cerebrospinal fluid leak.
These can be avoided if you choose the best ENT specialist around you. Some modern clinics are using the latest & most advanced technologies and high-precision surgical equipment. Many such clinics are present in India and they have the best ENT doctors who have specialized training to perform treatments and surgeries. If you want to explore your options and know more about the latest & modern care clinics, check our ENT page.
Is deviated septum surgery (septoplasty) painful?
Most people with a deviated septum have one nasal passage that’s comparatively smaller than the other. This may result in breathing disorders and may exhibit symptoms such as nosebleeds and facial pain. An expert ENT specialist may perform a surgical procedure to remedy a deviated septum. The advanced surgical procedure is painless and involves fewer complications.
Also Read: Instructions to Manage foreign body in Nose