The new era is all about matching pace with the rest of the world. The digitalization and modernization are conquering everything. Meanwhile, we are striving to achieve our goals and reaching the pinnacle of glory and success. This competition is raising many health issues which people often ignore and do not attend. Poor dietary habits are also causing threats to health. Out of many such issues, we will be discussing the frequent urge to urinate. What might be the possible reasons and cures? Could it be a kidney stone? And how can you curb it or get rid of it?
Firstly, we need to understand what exactly does frequent urination mean?
Urine contains water, urea, uric acid, toxins and waste filtered from within the body. This waste needs to get expelled from the body in the form of urine. The process is known as urination. Urine stays in the urinary bladder until it reaches the point of fullness and we feel an urge to urinate.
Frequent urination is the need to urinate more than 7 times in a span of 24 hours while drinking about 2 liters of fluid. Major attributing reasons for this condition may be:
- Kidney problems or kidney stone
- Prostate gland problems
- Urinary bladder problems
Apart from these, other factors are:
- Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI)
- Food and drinks that act as diuretics (that make you urinate fluids from your body)
- Stroke and other nervous system conditions
- Urinary tract infection
- Inflammation in the bladder wall
- Tumour in the pelvic area
- Bladder stones or kidney stones
- Urinary incontinence
- Radiations from some treatments (e.g.Chemotherapy)
The problem of kidney stone is more common than we think. And the sad part is out of 100, 50% of people aren’t even aware of it which makes it a bigger problem. Kidney stones can lead to more severe kidney problems in future if it does not get right treatment at the right time.
The hard deposits in the kidneys that travel through the urinary tract to exit the body are called kidney stones. The process can be really painful and is the passing of kidney stones. They occur when salts and minerals like calcium oxalate crystalize in the kidneys and form hard stones and are also called as calculi or urolithiasis.
Inadequate intake of water causes dehydration due to which fluids move slowly through kidneys. This increases the chances of salt and minerals compounds coming in close contact and sticking together. In some cases, stones pass out of the body without even showing any symptoms whereas the case of large and medium stones, it can be an extremely painful process.
Urine contains substances such as potassium, magnesium, Vitamin C and Vitamin B6 that prevent crystals from forming, but some people may have a deficiency. Some causes for kidney stone formation are:
- Too little fluid intake
- Chronic urinary tract infections
- Urinary tract blockage
- Misuse of certain medication
- Genetic and metabolic ailments
- Diet high in uric content
Symptoms of having kidney stones
Severe pain could be felt in kidneys and lower abdomen, which might move to the groin, nausea and vomiting, fever, chills and weakness, cloudy or foul-smelling urine, blood in urine, blockage in flow of urine.
Diagnosis of kidney stones
Diagnosis can be done through a blood test, urine test, imaging and analysis of passed stones personally.
Treatment and prevention
For small stones:
- Increase intake of water: Drink enough water till you pass clear urine.
- Pain relievers: Passing a small stone can cause some discomfort. The doctor prescribes pain relievers like ibuprofen, Tylenol.
- Alpha-blocker medical therapy: This medication relaxes muscles in your ureter to pass kidney stone without much pain and easily.
For large stones:
- Sound waves technology: Depending upon the size and location, sound waves break up stones into tiny pieces that can pass through urine. This procedure lasts for approximately 50 minutes.
- Surgery: Surgeons use small telescope like instruments through a small incision in your back. The surgeon performs it under general anesthesia. Ureteroscopy is the procedure to treat kidney stones.
To remove a smaller stone in your ureter or kidney, your doctor may pass thin, tube-like equipment (ureteroscope) with a camera through your urethra and bladder to your ureter.
Once the surgeon locates the stone, special tools can snare the stone or break it into pieces that will pass in your urine. Your doctor may then place a small tube (stent) in the ureter to relieve swelling and promote healing. You may need general or local anesthesia during this procedure.
- General prevention:
- Drink lots of water.
- Consume a diet low in salt and animal protein.
- Less consumption of oxalate-rich foods.
- Balanced intake of calcium supplements.
The clumps of waste in the kidney is usually because we often ignore drinking enough water daily in the name of hectic routine and by not incorporating small changes in lifestyle and eating habits. But we ought to take care of our body because health is precious. After all, if we have life, we have the world.
Other major causes
- Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs): An infection in any part of the urethra, urinary bladder, kidneys or urinary system which is followed by symptoms like frequent urination urge and pain during urination.
- Overactive bladder: A problem where the person feels an urge to urinate quite frequently. This is followed by symptoms such as frequent urge and unintentional leakage of urine.
- Diabetes: Because of high blood glucose, kidneys function abnormally and excess glucose comes out from the body in the form of urine.
- Prostate enlargement: This could be age-related and can cause difficulty in urination, frequent urination, leaking of urine and bladder spasm.
Consult a urologist when the persistent urge to urinate starts affecting your daily life. Talk to the doctor if you experience dull pain or any of the above symptoms. This frequent urination may be sign of kidney stone.