Piles or bawaseer is the swelling of blood vessels around the anal opening. The causes of piles may vary from constipation, heredity, or straining during the bowel movement. As the condition progresses, they become enlarged and the mass starts to come out of the anal opening. There are various treatments available to treat piles and one of the treatments is stapler surgery for piles.
Although piles is very common, they become large, they can cause problems equally in men and women, and their prevalence peaks between 45 and 65 years of age.
Why do you need Stapler surgery to treat piles?
Stapler Surgery or stapler hemorrhoidectomy or procedure or prolapse hemorrhoidectomy is a surgical method to treat piles. Prolapsed piles are the bulge coming out of the anus. Stapler surgery for piles can be used to treat grade 2 piles but it is usually used for the treatment of higher grades of piles – Grade 3 and Grade 4. The abnormally large piles tissues are removed with this surgery.
Also read: Thrombosed Piles and Treatment
Preparation For Stapled Hemorrhoidectomy
The healthcare provider might ask you not to eat or drink anything after midnight before the day of your surgery. They will also tell the patient about the medicines they can take and they should avoid before the surgery day. You may also need enema in the morning on the day of your surgery which will help clear the rectum for a better surgical view of the piles.
In stapler surgery or stapled hemorrhoidectomy, piles are removed and some part of the anal region is stapled. The surgery is performed under general anesthesia. A circular hollow tube is inserted into the anal canal. A suture is placed in the anal canal above the internal piles through this hollow tube. A stapler is attached at the end and the ends of the threads are pulled. The doctor then drags the sutures pulling the piles’ tissues into the staples. The normal tissues are placed back to their original position within the anal canal. Finally, the stapler is ejected.
After the surgery, the stapler used in the procedure is disposed of. Stapler piles surgery disconnects the blood supply further shrinking the piles.
Effectiveness of stapler piles surgery
After the surgery, the medical staff monitors you until you are awake. You can go home after you wake up and the doctor says you are fit to go home. Now the question is what happens to the staples after stapled hemorrhoidectomy? The staplers are needed only until the tissues heal. Then they fall off and pass through the stool unnoticed after several weeks. There is a significant improvement in the condition. Piles adversely affect the quality of life depending on the degree of piles and their symptoms.
Recovery from piles after stapler hemorrhoidectomy
After 1-2 weeks, you should be able to perform normal activities but strenuous activities must be avoided. Do not lift heavy objects, strain during bowel movements or put pressure on the abdominal area during recovery. One must follow post-surgery instructions
Advantages of stapler hemorrhoidectomy
Here are some benefits of the stapler surgery for piles:
- Short procedure time
- Minimally invasive surgery
- Post-surgery complications like pain
- Short hospital stay
Risks involved in stapler surgery
Stapled surgery may have side-effects or risks but they are not common. They are further minimized when the experienced surgeon performs the surgery. The potential drawbacks may include:
- Inflammation or infection
- Staple line stricture
- Fecal incontinence
- Recurrence chances (5-8%)
- Fissure or tear in the lining
- Trauma to the anal or rectal wall
Is Stapler Surgery better than traditional surgery?
|Stapler Surgery||Open Surgery|
|Less painful process||More painful process|
|Operation is performed above the sensitive area of the anal canal||Operational site is the sensitive part of the anal canal (dentate line)|
|Quick recovery||Recovery takes time|
|Operation time is less||Operation time is more|
The cost of stapled surgery for piles may range from INR 10000/- to INR 50,000/- depending on the location, hospital and complexities of the disease.
Consult a doctor for piles and get the best treatment. There is an alternate method to treat piles. You can consult Pristyn Care for the most advanced laser surgery. You can also make an online consultation with our experienced doctors at the convenience of your home.
Also read: Know everything about piles laser surgery