In the present time, cut-throat competition prevails. For a woman, multitasking has become pivotal to survive. With such a hectic lifestyle and regime, we ignore many important health signs completely. One of those rampant issues is PCOS, also known as PCOD.
Before completely enlightening about the term and its aspects, let’s have some understanding of what is PCOS.
PCOS which is expanded as Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a condition in which a woman’s hormonal levels are disturbed or affected. Women then tend to produce higher levels of male hormones. And this condition causes them to skip periods or pause periods for a very long time.
Due to this syndrome and condition, it is very hard for a woman to conceive. Hence, the chances of being pregnant drops drastically. We will further be discussing the things that one must know if she has PCOS.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome abbreviated as PCOS is a condition in women that symbolizes irregular or no menstrual periods at all. This disorder occurs when androgen levels abnormally get high and ovarian functions are chronically abnormal.
It also happens by obesity, acne, abnormal hair growth in unwanted places or excess hair growth.
There is no ovulation process in women with PCOS. They do not release an egg every month. Medication is generally to induce regular periods. There are other medical terms for this disorder as well. PCOS is also known as :
- PCOD : Polycystic Ovary Disease
- Functional Ovarian Hyperandrogenism
- Ovarian hyperthecosis
- Stein-Leventhal syndrome
Now let’s put some light on the essential things that a woman should know if she has PCOS or PCOD:
Womanhood is all about celebrating the glory and the blessing of being a woman. But in the present scenario, due to many environmental factors and other aspects, women face health issues which might be lethal eventually and are a real danger to her health. (Also Read: Know the Difference Between PCOS and PCOD )
PCOS is a set of symptoms due to rising androgens in females which are basically male hormones. There are many signs and symptoms of PCOS which we often ignore before it gets complex and becomes time-consuming to get rid of.
Various signs and symptoms of PCOS:
- Irregular or no menstrual periods
- Heavy bleeding during periods
- Pelvic pain
- Excess facial hair
- Unwanted hair growth
- Dark thick and patchy skin
- Difficulty in getting pregnant
- Type 2 diabetes
- Heart disease
- Insomnia, depression and mood disorder
- Endometrial cancer (uterus cancer)
- Thinning hair on the scalp
- Unhealthy cholesterol
- High blood pressure
These are the signs in 2 – 20% of women of childbearing age. A combination of genetic and environmental factors and lifestyle may be the reason for developing PCOD or PCOS. (Also Read: 10 Myths Debunked about PCOS in Women )
Now, let’s have an understanding of the signs and symptoms of PCOS in women :
- Irregular or no menstrual periods: Due to the lack of imbalance or lack of certain hormones in the body irregular or no menstrual periods are caused in PCOS. Distorted hormonal levels disrupt the normal pattern of the period due to which periods usually last less or longer than the usual period span.
- Heavy bleeding during periods: Due to improper functioning of ovaries and hormonal imbalance, heavy flow during the periods is common. Usually, more pads and tampons then required are used. 6-8 tampons could be used in a day in this case.
- Acne: Production of too much testosterone in the body and skin cells which increase sebum production and that leads to acne.
- Pelvic pain: Pain in the ovary could be due to cysts. Cysts can cause bloating, swelling pressure on the lower abdomen area on the side of the cyst. The pain may be sharp or dull and may come and go.
- Excess facial hair: Ovaries produce an excessive amount of androgens which causes dark coarse hair to grow on the chin area, face, chest, buttocks and lower abdomen area.
- Unwanted hair growth: Due to too much production of androgens or male hormones like testosterone, experiencing unwanted hair growth is especially in the central part of the body like between breasts, belly button, inner thighs.
- Dark, thick and patchy skin: PCOS causes levels of insulin to surge and higher levels of insulin can sometimes cause patches of darkened skin on the back of the neck, under the arms and in the groin area.
- Difficulty in getting pregnant: Infertility occurs because ovaries do not mature and testosterone production is continuously increasing. (Also Read: Is Pregnancy Possible with PCOS? )
- Obesity: Obesity is caused due to too much insulin or the insulin they produce does not work as it should. Therefore the women find it really hard to lose weight and tend to gain weight easily. (Also Read: What To Eat If You Have PCOS? )
- Type 2 diabetes: Insulin resistance leads the body to produce high levels of insulin which causes type 2 diabetes.
- Heart disease: There is a higher risk of heart diseases due to high blood pressure and abnormal insulin function..
- Insomnia, depression and mood swings: Having PCOS can increase the likelihood of mood swings, depression, anxiety and inability to sleep due to changes related to androgens and other hormonal surges.
- Uterus cancer: Increasing levels of estrogen and abnormally low levels of progesterone play a big role when it comes to uterine cancer risk.
- Thinning hair on the scalp: These extra androgens can also cause the hair on your scalp to start thinning, especially near the front of the scalp or the crown area. This is also known as female pattern hair loss.
- Unhealthy cholesterol: Due to a higher prevalence of obesity and insulin resistance, cholesterol is developed which is a type of fat that is made in our bodies. These levels of cholesterol are unhealthy and contribute to cardiovascular disease.
- High good pressure: PCOS can add hypertension and other metabolic complications. High blood pressure includes complications of stroke, kidney damage and vision problems.
There is no problem which doesn’t come out with any solution. The same goes for PCOS. If you start noticing and feeling any signs or symptoms above, consult a proper medical practitioner.
Thereafter, the doctor will diagnose report and the medical history and review information such as weight, BMI, menstrual cycle, diet and exercise regime, family history and other vital aspects. PCOS complications are controllable and curable to lead a healthy life.
The treatment might include weight loss regime, exercise and an all-round diet, lifestyle changes like quitting smoking, medication, laparoscopy.
Get proper professional guidance from the best gynecologist that aids completely in controlling such health issues. We just have to be observant to our body changes and go for accurate consultation if we observe anything unusual.