Table Of Index

Irregular Periods

What are Irregular Periods?

Irregular periods, as the name suggests, is when a woman experiences an imbalanced menstrual cycle as:

 

  • The duration between the two cycles spans less than 21 days.

 

  • Your periods are more than 35 days apart.

 

  • The amount of blood flow varies between 2 cycles.

 

  • The blood clots are larger than 2.5 cm. 

The condition is medically called- ‘Oligomenorrhea’ and is usually rooted in imbalanced hormones. American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) reports an average of nine to 14 percent of women to record irregular periods between their first period and menopause. This irregularity is marked especially higher during certain life events such as puberty, pregnancy, childbirth, breastfeeding, and premenopausal times. 

 

While the above is a result of natural body processes and usually gets resolved on its own, Irregular periods at any other time suggest imbalanced hormones and are linked to a variety of other associated hormonal disorders. This is why immediate and specialized treatment is suggested. 

Causes

  • Life cycle changes (such as puberty, premenopause, etc)
  • Changes in Contraception
  • Hormonal Imbalance
  • Endurance Exercises

Symptoms

  • Fluctuations in weight (increase/ decrease)
  • Eating Disorder
  • Painful Acne/Excessive sebum production
  • Emotional Stress

Diagnosis

Irregular periods are best marked by the patient herself. 

Note down the start and end date of your cycles. Then try and look for patterns. If three consecutive cycles show irregularities, approach an OBGYN specialist at the earliest.

Also, note if you experience any change in blood flow or cervical mucus. The changes may mark a link with irregular ovulation and demand medical intervention. 

Disorders linked to Irregular Periods

Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome is a hormonal disorder linked to imbalanced hormones, that is, when a woman has higher levels of testosterone instead of progesterone and estrogen. This disbalance marks irregular ovulation, and thus- irregular menses. 

 

PCOS is one of the most common reasons in cases of irregular periods and is most often sourced in obesity/ genetics or unhealthy lifestyle. The condition marks serious symptoms, risks, and complications in cases of delayed treatment, and medical intervention is suggested at the earliest.  

Risks & Complications

An irregular period is a direct indication of imbalanced hormones. Any delay in diagnosis or treatment then leads to worsening of the underlying disorders and risks infertility along with:

 

  1. Frequent and intense mood swings
  2. A constant tiredness
  3. Abdominal swelling and heaviness
  4. Unbearable cramping and pelvic pain
  5. Nausea
  6. Shift in appetite
  7. Fluctuations in weight
  8. Frequent and intense episodes of Urinary Tract Infection 
  9. Pain during sex 
  10. Anemia in case of excessive blood loss

When to Consult a Doctor ?

We recommend you consult an OBGYN as soon as you see an irregularity in your period cycle. It could indicate an unwanted pregnancy, a reaction to contraceptives, or hormonal disbalance. Immediate medical assistance is suggested in all instances. 

 

Irregularities are marked by:

 

  • Period cycle lesser than 21 days or more than 35 days.
  • The need for a change in pads or tampons every 1-2 hours. 
  • Bleeding for more than 7 days.
  • Extreme cramping, fever, weakness, and chills along with bleeding.
  • Bleeding in between cycles.
  • Bleeding in between pregnancy. 
  • Bleeding post-menopause.

Questions to ask your doctor

What is a normal period cycle length?
When should I be concerned about my irregular cycles?
What is the primary cause of my irregular cycles?
Do irregular periods indicate infertility?
Can I get pregnant during my irregular cycles?
How to regulate my periods?
What kind of diet should I follow to regulate my periods?
Can yoga help in irregular periods?
Can my contraceptive be the reason for my irregular periods?
Can stress be the reason for my mid-cycle spotting?

Treatment options & cost

  • Contraceptives: Since everybody works and reacts differently, sometimes, the selection of certain contraceptives may be the ground cause for your abnormal/ irregular bleeding. 

 

For example, intrauterine devices such as IUDs are known to cause slightly heavier bleeding than usual. Similarly, regular birth control at times induces spotting and mid-cycle bleeding. Generally, your body adapts to these changes within 3-6 months and your menses regulate automatically. However, a change in birth control may be suggested if the body doesn’t adapt and the irregularities severe with time. 

Based on your case’s peculiarity, the treatment may range from INR 500- INR 5000 in India. 

 

  • Unwanted Pregnancy: If irregular periods are a result of unwanted pregnancy, abortion may be required. Your doctor may suggest the best method (abortion by medicine/ surgical procedure) based on your weeks in gestation, general health, and your personal choice. 

 

Abortion my medicine may be suggested for weeks 0-5. A surgical procedure may be recommended hence after. Based on your health, severity, and the method of abortion, the procedure may cost anywhere between INR 2000 to INR 25,000 in India.  

  • PCOS: If period irregularities are rooted in Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome, immediate and strict lifestyle changes may be suggested along with pain relievers. If you weigh more than your body mass index, losing weight and yoga might also be a direct help. 

An average cost for treatment may vary anywhere between INR 2000- INR 6000 in India. 

 

  • Thyroid: For period irregularities because of thyroid problems, medication to balance insulin levels may be suggested. A general cost line for thyroid treatment falls between the range of INR 2000- INR 5000 in India. 

 

  • Endometriosis: If period irregularities are diagnosed in endometriosis, hormonal therapy/ balloon ablation therapy may be recommended. Depending on the treatment, cost may vary from INR 50,000 to INR 5,00,000 in India. 

Pristyn Care Gynecologist on Irregular Periods

Case Study

Ms H (aged 31, Chandigarh) approached us with complaints of irregular periods in September 2020. 

 

Her symptoms included:

 

  • Irregular menses
  • Scanty blood flow
  • Intense cramps and abdominal pain 
  • Nausea
  • Weakness 
  • Intense mood swings 

We connected Ms. H with Dr. Ragini Ghosh (MBBS, MD Gynecologist and Obstetrics) same day through an online consultation.  After understanding Ms. H’s last 3 months menstruation cycle, symptoms, and prior medical history, Dr. Ghosh deemed it best she underwent an abdominal ultrasound and complete blood tests. 

 

The ultrasound diagnosed Ms. H with endometriosis. As a treatment for same, we suggested Ms. H – hormonal medications. Monthly follow-ups suggested relief in pain, and comparatively regular menses. 

Latest Research and News

Cities Where We Treat Irregular-periods

FAQ

I have irregular periods but suspect I may be pregnant. What should I do?

If you suspect you may be pregnant, you should stop taking any medication which could be harmful to your and the baby’s health and consult the best OB-GYN. You can also take a home pregnancy test before visiting your doctor.

Can stress cause irregular periods?

Yes, chronic stress or even short-term anxiety can lead to hormonal imbalance, causing a missed periods or irregular period cycle.

What are the common lifestyle causes of irregular periods?

Lifestyle causes of irregular periods include:

  • Stress
  • Excessive consumption of alcohol
  • Smoking
  • Unhealthy diet, etc. 

 Such factors can lead to hormonal imbalance and cause irregular periods. However, note that such factors majorly increase the risk factor and not solely cause such problems.

Facts and statistics around Irregular Periods

 

Facts about Irregular Periods

More than 14 % of women worldwide experience irregular periods at some point in life. While irregular periods do indicate bad health and imbalanced hormones, they are not always a matter of grave concern. Especially during-

  • Puberty: A woman’s body goes through multiple changes during puberty and the hormones are still adjusting during this time. This is why it is normal for you to experience irregular periods for up to 6 to 24 months at the onset of periods. 

However, irregular periods even after 2 years of puberty indicate hormonal disorders and require detailed investigation and medication. 

  • Pregnancy: While pregnancy itself is marked by no periods, you may experience a little spotting during the early stages of conception. However, it should get lighter and disappear with time. Some women also experience periods during the entire pregnancy. 

Though rare, the condition is serious, may cause frequent nausea, severe cramping, anemia, and also endanger the pregnancy.  Immediate and constant follow-up is suggested.

  • Breastfeeding: Breastfeeding too, much like other life events is marked by a period of heavy hormonal changes. While some women may not experience periods at all during this time, others may experience irregularities. 

This is absolutely normal and should subside with time. 

  • Pre-Menopausal: Because of the natural changes in the body and its hormone levels, irregularities during pre-menopausal time is extremely common and normal. As the body transitions successfully, the periods shall gradually come to a comfortable end. 

Menopause is marked by more than 12 consecutive months of no menses. 

  • Post-Menopausal: Experiencing bleeding post-menopause can indicate serious uterine health conditions such as fibroids, endometriosis, or uterine cancer. Immediate medical intervention is suggested. 
  • Other than these biological life events, irregularities are also common during important social events such as exams, meetings, interviews, weddings, trips, etc. This is major because of excessive stress, anxiety, and increased workload during this time. However, the irregularities should slowly disappear as these events slide. 

*Consult a doctor immediately if you see the irregularity taking a pattern after any of such events. It could indicate a deep-seated anxiety/ hormonal imbalance and demand formal treatment.

  • Irregular periods are also a result of heavy pollution and dense air. Transition into a healthier and fresh environment helps inadvertently. 

 

  • Women record irregular periods because of regular intake of emergency contraceptives too. While this usually subsides in a month / two, it is unhealthy, painful, and emotionally disturbing. This is why you are recommended to use emergency contraceptives only in the matter of emergency and not as a medium of regular birth control. 

Else, this dependence could lead to serious health concerns including nausea, intensive cramping, and risk to fertility. 

 

Why choose Pristyn Care for treating irregular periods?

Pristyn Care is a holistic end-to-end health care provider that centers on patient care. We are committed to adding care to your health services. Some of the USPs that make us one of the best choices in  Indian health care are:

  • Experienced OBGYN: Pristyn Care works with some of the best and most reputed female OBGYNs in India. All our doctors are not only trained in the functioning of the female reproductive system but also in infertility. This is why, when you consult Pristyn Care for the treatment, rest assured, you are choosing a comprehensive care model. Whatever be the primary cause, our doctors are specialized and experienced to treat all kinds of gynecological health conditions. 

 

  • Comprehensive approach: Irregular periods are tricky, and almost unsolvable endocrine disorders. Medicines for the same, are typically targeted towards symptomatic relief and not as a solution to the root cause. However, we believe, the lifestyle disorder must only be solved by lifestyle solutions. Therefore, instead of just adding medicines to your prescription chart, we are focused on providing you with solutions to better your diet and lifestyle pattern. 

 

  • Online and offline consultations: We understand how booking an appointment and seeing a doctor regularly can be a hassle for a working woman. Therefore, we provide both online and offline consultations. So that, you can consult an experienced doctor as and when needed from the convenience of your office/ home.

 

  • Operating in 50+ cities: We operate in more than 50+ cities and are associated with some of the best and most prestigious hospitals across India. All our associated hospitals and gyne clinics have some of the best infrastructure, trained staff, patient facilities and follow the highest standards of safety protocols. This is why, when you choose Pristyn care, you choose the best of health care. 


  • Complete Privacy and Confidentiality: Your health is personal and your condition/ medicine/ treatment is only yours to know. This is why we share your details with no one unless verified by you yourself. Hence rest assured, whatever be the health condition, your details are always secured and your treatment always private. 

 

  • Fertility Solutions: If you are struggling with childbirth because of irregular periods, we can help. We have a specialized team of IVF specialists trained to provide you with holistic gyne health and fertility solutions. Rest assured, when you choose Pristyn Care, your treatment is holistic and seamless. 

 

  • 30% Discounts on diagnostics: We are associated with multiple trusted and advanced labs throughout India. Therefore, when you choose Pristyn Care, you get 30% off on all your lab and specialized tests. 

 

How to Contact Pristyn Care for treatment of irregular periods?

You can speak to us directly by calling us on the number provided on our website. You could also book your appointment by clicking on the ‘Book Appointment’ tab right next to our number. It will take you to a small form with your four basic details-’your names’,  ‘contact number’, ‘disease’, and ‘city’. Fill in these details and press ‘submit’. Now, just relax, and let our medical coordinators call you back and answer all your queries in detail.

+ Read More