Diagnosis of Irregular Periods
For diagnosis of irregular periods, the doctor asks the patient about her menstrual cycle and medical history. The doctor then performs a physical examination which entails a pelvic exam and a pap test. The doctor may also recommend the following tests:
- To rule out anemia or other medical disorders, doctors recommend blood tests.
- To check the presence of any infections, doctors perform vaginal cultures.
- To look out for uterine fibroids, polyps or an ovarian cyst, a pelvic ultrasound exam can also be performed.
- To confirm the presence of any cancerous cells, doctors also perform an endometrial biopsy. In this procedure, the doctor takes a sample of tissue with the help of a laparoscope to diagnose endometriosis, hormonal imbalance, or non-benign cells.
Treatment for Irregular Periods
For the correct treatment for irregular periods, evaluating its cause is of extreme importance. In case the patient suffering from the irregular period is a teen, young adult, or someone between the age of 25-40, the first approach to treat her irregular periods is medications. Depending upon the age of the patient, the gynecologist may suggest birth control pills and hormone pills to regulate her periods. In case the irregular is occurring due to PCOS, the gynecologist will suggest regulating the periods with dietary and lifestyle habits and medicines. If a woman in her later 40s or 50s is suffering from irregular periods, and the phenomenon is affecting her normal life, the gynecologist may suggest her undergoing hysterectomy. The surgery includes removal of the female's uterus and in some cases, also the ovaries. This treatment is suggested when all other methods of treating irregular periods fail.