Things to know about ovarian cyst removal surgery

Ovarian cyst removal surgery to remove a cyst or cysts from either one or both ovaries. Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that grow on the surface of the ovaries. Most ovarian cysts disappear without much ado, but if they do not disappear, they can cause severe complications.

Ovarian cysts have become very common these days. The cysts are caused primarily because of hormonal imbalance, endometriosis, pelvic infections, or as a result of pregnancy. Most of the patients who come for consultation or treatment of ovarian cysts belong to the childbearing age group. When the follicles in the ovaries do not release an egg but instead develop a follicular cyst, it is said that she is suffering from an ovarian cyst.

An ovarian cyst may be treated either through an open surgery or laparoscopic surgery. In open surgery, the gynecologist makes an open incision that is large enough to allow the doctor to see the cyst through the abdomen and its surrounding tissue. In laparoscopic surgery, the doctor makes minute incisions, inserts a laparoscope, and removes the cysts. 

What to expect before ovarian cyst removal?

Ovarian cyst surgery is a major surgery. A woman needs to undergo a thorough consultation with a gynecologist before the surgery. The woman who is about to undergo ovarian cyst removal surgery may be asked to stop taking ibuprofen, aspirin, warfarin, painkillers, and any other blood thinners. It is absolutely important for a patient to be open and honest with the doctor and tell if she is taking any form of drugs. If there are any possible blood disorders, or if the patient reacts to any kind of medicine, it is important for her to elaborate that to her doctor. The woman needs to stop consuming alcohol and smoking completely before the surgery. For the greater good of her health, it is always best if she quits it totally. (Also read: Overview Of Corpus Luteum Cyst

What to know about ovarian cyst removal

What happens on the day of the ovarian cyst removal surgery?

On the day of the surgery, the patient is usually recommended not to eat or drink anything at least 12h hours before the surgery. If she has been prescribed any drugs, she can take that with small sips of water. Once she reaches the hospital, she would be taken to the operation theatre and shall be accompanied by the nurse and the medical staff.

If the patient undergoes an open surgery, the gynecologist will make a large incision on her abdomen and shall separate the abdominal walls. Through the incision, the doctor will remove the cyst. In some cases, once the cysts are removed, a tissue sample is sent to a lab to check if there is any presence of cancer. If found, the affected ovary or both the ovaries of the patient may be removed.

Laparoscopic surgery, on the other hand, is more advanced and much safer. In this procedure, the gynecologist inserts a laparoscope through a small incision in the abdomen to view the internal organs. The ovarian cyst removal surgeon then removes the cyst through the small cuts in the skin. After the cyst is removed, the gynecologist will seal the incisions with dissolvable sutures. (Also read: What To Do In Case The Ovarian Cyst Rupture?)

Recovery after ovarian cyst removal surgery?

Ovarian cyst removal surgery is often performed as a daycare procedure, which means most patients can home the same day. If the doctor sees it necessary, the patient may be asked to stay at the hospital for a night. 

  • The patient may experience some amount of swelling, soreness, and redness at the surgical site for the next few hours of the surgery. 
  • The patient should not go sedentary after the surgery. Walking is encouraged for quick recovery.
  • Ovarian cyst removal surgery, if performed by an experienced doctor, will not cause any major complication in the patient. Most patients feel better with the next 3-5 days and can resume regular work life after a week.
  • She should refrain from taking stairs, lifting, pushing, or pulling heavy weights or heavy objects for the next 3-4 weeks. 
  • Consultation with the doctor is important before she resumes sexual intercourse with her partner.
  • Like any other surgery, the body needs time to heal after ovarian cyst removal surgery too. Recovering after surgery is a personal experience – it depends on the overall health condition of the woman and to what extent she follows the tips and advice of the ovarian cyst doctor

Ovarian cyst removal surgery

For quick recovery after ovarian cyst removal surgery, the following tips can be really beneficial.

  • Make a daily routine for everything – eating, sleeping, and getting up from bed. When you follow a routine, the body adapts to the recovery process much quicker.
  • Eat a healthy diet. Consume high-fiber and nutritious foods. Include a lot of green leafy vegetables and fruits in your diet. Drink enough water and stay hydrated.
  • Quit smoking. It will prevent you from getting any infection at the surgical site.
  • Even though you recover, try to refrain from a long journey for at least a month.
  • Have a positive outlook towards your body, the changes that the body might go through after the surgery. How you see yourself will make a lot of difference in your healing process. (Also read: Home Remedies For Ovarian Cysts)

When to see a doctor again after ovarian cyst removal surgery?

Generally, one follow-up is advised to all patients to monitor their recovery and to confirm whether their body is adapting to the surgery. But, other than that, the patient should check with the doctor immediately, if she experiences any of the following post-surgery complications:

  • Severe pain and unusual swelling at the surgical site.
  • No urine for the last 24 hours
  • Painful and burning sensation while passing urine
  • Constant fever that does not go down even after taking medicine
  • Loss of appetite and vomiting
  • Infection that grows over time near the incision site

Surgery for ovarian cyst removal is not a very complicated thing. What is important for the patient is to understand the disease, why the surgery is necessary, and to have a positive outlook towards the surgical treatment. In case, there are any other complications, she should bring them up to her doctor without any hesitation and delay.