What are Hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are swollen, irritated veins around the anus or rectum, they last for different lengths of time for different people. They clear up on their own after a few days or may become a regular occurrence. Often, people take medication or medical procedures to minimize the pain or symptoms and shrink the hemorrhoids. The condition causes pain, makes simple activities such as sitting or walking, unpleasant or difficult.
Hemorrhoids come from veins near the mucous membranes of the anus. They occur when the veins become swollen or irritated. Internal hemorrhoids develop inside the lower rectum and are not visible to the naked eye. They may not cause any pain or irritation, but a person may fell other symptoms. External hemorrhoids developed on the outside of the anus and cause a lot of pain and discomfort.
The symptoms of piles or hemorrhoids maybe for a different from one person to another, but includes:
- A lump external to the anus
- Pain or discomfort
- Swelling near the anus
- Itching, even after wiping the area clean
- A burning sensation when having a bowel movement or at rest
- A person may notice blood in the toilet or stool as well
Need for Surgical Treatments
The condition is very common, affecting around 1 in 20 people in India. There are two types of hemorrhoids, depending on the presence in the anal canal. External hemorrhoids form under the skin & internal hemorrhoids form within the lining of the anus and lower rectum.
Some hemorrhoids do not require treatment, may clear up on their own within a week. While this self-healing process is underway, a person should take enough rest, avoid doing heavy lifting or puts pressure on the area. OTC treatments can help some people such as medicated creams can help relieve itching and discomfort. If OTC treatments show mild or no effect, a proctologist may be able to prescribe more effective ointments.
People with hemorrhoids experience complications such as blood in the stool, should consult with a doctor at the earliest. The doctor may recommend alternative treatments or run tests to rule out underlying causes. Also, people with severe hemorrhoids condition may need more intensive treatment, including medical procedures. These procedures may include:
- Rubber band ligation: It is the most common nonsurgical procedure for removing hemorrhoids.
- Sclerotherapy: A doctor injects a chemical medication into hemorrhoid to shrink it. Doctors may use light, heat, or freezing temperatures to achieve this.
- Surgical removal: Doctors only recommend in cases where hemorrhoids do not respond to at-home or in-office methods
- Laser piles treatment: This is the best treatment for piles as it works on all stages of piles and has a high success rate.
Laser hemorrhoid surgery ablates swollen blood vessels inside or around the anus and rectum. Surgeries aim to restrict the blood supply or remove hemorrhoids.
Recovery time in Laser treatment
Also Read: What are Grade 2 Hemorrhoids Treatments?