What are Hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are swollen, irritated veins around the anus or rectum, they last for different lengths of time for different people. They clear up on their own after a few days or may become a regular occurrence. Often, people take medication or medical procedures to minimize the pain or symptoms and shrink the hemorrhoids. The condition causes pain, makes simple activities such as sitting or walking, unpleasant or difficult.
Hemorrhoids come from veins near the mucous membranes of the anus. They occur when the veins become swollen or irritated. Internal hemorrhoids develop inside the lower rectum and are not visible to the naked eye. They may not cause any pain or irritation, but a person may fell other symptoms. External hemorrhoids developed on the outside of the anus and cause a lot of pain and discomfort.
The symptoms of piles or hemorrhoids maybe for a different from one person to another, but includes:
- A lump external to the anus
- Pain or discomfort
- Swelling near the anus
- Itching, even after wiping the area clean
- A burning sensation when having a bowel movement or at rest
- A person may notice blood in the toilet or stool as well
Hemorrhoids During Pregnancy
The main cause is the extra weight that a woman carries during pregnancy from strain on the veins in the anus and rectum. Also, it is quite a common problem during pregnancy. Additionally, hormonal changes may relax the veins which can result in hemorrhoids. But a change in diet can certainly help you reduce the pain while going to the loo.
Following are the List of Advantageous Diet Changes:
- Eating plenty of fiber-rich foods may soften the stool, making it easier to pass
- Straining during bowel movements is a common cause of hemorrhoids, but people can make dietary adjustments to reduce their need to strain
- Plant fibers from fruits, vegetables, nuts, and grains help collect water in the stool, making it softer and easier to pass
- Supplementing the diet with soluble fiber, such as methylcellulose or psyllium, may reduce constipation
- Drinking plenty of water throughout the day helps ensure that the body has enough water for healthy digestion, which can also ease constipation
Need for Surgical Treatments
The condition is very common, affecting around 1 in 20 people in India. There are two types of hemorrhoids, depending on the presence in the anal canal. External hemorrhoids form under the skin & internal hemorrhoids form within the lining of the anus and lower rectum.
Some hemorrhoids do not require treatment, may clear up on their own within a week. While this self-healing process is underway, a person should take enough rest, avoid doing heavy lifting or puts pressure on the area. OTC treatments can help some people such as medicated creams can help relieve itching and discomfort. If OTC treatments show mild or no effect, a proctologist may be able to prescribe more effective ointments.
People with hemorrhoids experience complications such as blood in the stool, should consult with a doctor at the earliest. The doctor may recommend alternative treatments or run tests to rule out underlying causes. Also, people with severe hemorrhoids condition may need more intensive treatment, including medical procedures. These procedures may include:
- Rubber band ligation: It is the most common nonsurgical procedure for removing hemorrhoids.
- Sclerotherapy: A doctor injects a chemical medication into hemorrhoid to shrink it. Doctors may use light, heat, or freezing temperatures to achieve this.
- Surgical removal: Doctors only recommend in cases where hemorrhoids do not respond to at-home or in-office methods
- Laser piles treatment: This is the best treatment for piles as it works on all stages of piles and has a high success rate.
Laser hemorrhoid surgery ablates swollen blood vessels inside or around the anus and rectum. Surgeries aim to restrict the blood supply or remove hemorrhoid.
Recovery time in Laser treatment
For people who get hemorrhoids regularly, some dietary and lifestyle changes may help with healing and prevention. But may take more time to completely away. Surgical procedures that use a Laser to ablate the tissue is a minimally invasive procedure. It heals within a week, and the patient will be able to continue his regular activities within the same time.
Also Read: What are Grade 2 Hemorrhoids Treatments?