uterine fibroids risk factors

Uterine fibroids are very common reproductive health issues that many women face. Fibroids (myomas) are the unusual irregular growths on the surface or in the cavity of the uterus. These fibroids are known to have negative impacts on the overall fertility and pregnancy as well.   

Uterine fibroids can cause severe abdominal pain, heavy bleeding during periods, pelvic pressure and the frequent need to pass urine.

In many cases of uterine fibroids, there are no clear symptoms whereas in other cases, the above-mentioned symptoms can be really serious. You must know that there are certain risk factors that make you more prone to developing these fibroids. 

The major risk factors associated with uterine fibroids are:

uterine fibroids risk factors-infographic

  • Obesity/ Excess body weight

Being overweight increases your risk of developing uterine fibroids by 2-3 times. This happens because the fat cells in your body also secrete estrogen. In obese women, this may lead to high amounts of estrogen, which, in turn, may trigger the growth of uterine fibroids.

  • Pregnancy

Pregnancy is quite closely associated with the growth and development of uterine fibroids. The risk of development of uterine fibroids is highest in the first trimester. The major reason for the development of fibroids during pregnancy is the increased production of estrogen and progesterone, which cause uterine fibroids.

  • Family history/Heredity

Fibroids may run in your family and heredity may play an important role in making you more prone to fibroids. You are twice at risk of uterine fibroids if your mother, sister, or any close relative had uterine fibroids at some point in their life.

  • Genetic factors/changes

In many cases, changes in the genes may also result in higher risks of uterine fibroids. This can be validated by the fact that in many women, fibroids in the uterus contain genes different from those present in the other uterine muscle cells.

  • Ethnicity/Race

Uterine fibroids are quite common in women all across the globe. In addition to this, numerous studies and researches reflect that the incidences of uterine fibroids are highest in African-American women. Uterine fibroids in the case of these women are also much larger and much more severe.

  • Alcohol consumption

Regular consumption of alcohol can increase your chances of developing fibroids in the uterus. Alcohol can raise hormone levels in the body. This hormonal imbalance can result in the growth of uterine fibroids and make the symptoms severe.

  • Smoking

Women who smoke are at a much higher risk of uterine fibroids in comparison to non-smoker women. Smoking has a number of adverse effects on the body. It significantly reduces the amount of oxygen supply to the pelvic region. This reduced supply of oxygen triggers the growth of uterine fibroids.

  • Junk and processed food

Junk and processed foods contain excessive amounts of sugar, salts, and fat content. Such foods increase your body weight and make you obese, thereby increasing the risk of developing uterine fibroids.

Too much caffeine

Having excessive amounts of caffeine puts you at a higher risk of uterine fibroids. Too much caffeine can have adverse effects on the liver and also lead to impaired liver functioning. This extra strain on the liver does not allow it to metabolize the estrogen properly and thus, the risk of uterine fibroids increases.

Prevention is better than cure

If you identify with any of the aforementioned risk factors, you should be extra cautious. Following some minor precautions and incorporating some dietary and lifestyle changes can save you from the troubles of uterine fibroids in the long run.

A healthy lifestyle can reduce the risk of uterine fibroids significantly. Maintain a healthy and balanced diet and stay active. Avoid junk and greasy foods and switch to vitamin and fiber-rich diet options. Limit your caffeine consumption and opt for fresh fruits and juices. Regular exercise and yoga can also be quite beneficial. 

These minor lifestyle changes can help prevent the growth of fibroids. In case you already have fibroids, these tips can be quite effective in shrinking the fibroids. Once the fibroids start to shrink, you will notice effective relief from the pain and discomfort of uterine fibroids.

What to do if you notice the symptoms of uterine fibroids?

If any symptoms of uterine fibroids start surfacing, consult your gynecologist without delay. Your gynecologist will assess the severity of fibroids in your case and will then suggest proper treatments.

In the case of mild and small fibroids, your doctor may prescribe some medications that aid the shrinking of fibroids. Take the medications regularly. Along with the medication, following the aforementioned tips can facilitate the faster shrinking of fibroids.

However, if the fibroids in your case are severe, your doctor may suggest hysterectomy. 

Hysterectomy for uterine fibroids

If you require to undergo a hysterectomy, you must make a well-informed decision. It is better to choose the modern laparoscopic procedure over conventional methods. 

The procedure of laparoscopic hysterectomy involves a lesser number of incisions than traditional surgery. The downtime of laparoscopic hysterectomy is also shorter and the procedure does not involve a lot of intraoperative bleeding.

So if you are looking for the best hospitals for laparoscopic hysterectomy, you can reach out to us at Pristyn Care. We will resolve any queries or doubts that you have about the procedure.

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