Hearing loss is very common problem that affects more than 1 million cases per year in India which can occur due to various causes either treatable or not depending on the cause. Mostly a lot of people ignore very subtle signs like family members complaining of people watching TV at louder volumes or ringing sensation in the ear which can develop gradually or suddenly. Sudden development of hearing loss is very distressing to anyone and untreated hearing loss is associated with lower quality of life, depression, social isolation, higher medical bills for other health issues. These symptoms although subtle should not be ignored and should be evaluated as soon as possible.
Hearing loss occurs because of sound signals not reaching the brain. There are two major kinds of hearing loss, depending on where the problem lies:
Sensorineural hearing loss:This problem occurs because of damage to the sensitive hair cells in the inner ear or damage to the auditory nerve; this happens naturally with aging or can occur due to any injury.
Conductive hearing loss: This condition arises when sounds are unable to pass from your outer ear to the inner ear, mostly due to a blockage such as earwax, glue ear or a build-up of fluid from an infection, or due to a perforated ear drum or disorder of the hearing bones
You need to see a doctor as soon as you're noticing any of the symptoms because sudden nerve deafness if not attended urgently can become permanent.
For sensorineural hearing loss, numerous options are available helping improve a person’s ability to hear and communicate. These include digital hearing aids, bone anchored implants, middle ear implants and cochlear implants.
Conductive hearing loss can have causes related to outer ear, middle ear or bony discontinuity. If the problem is related to the outer ear, it is mostly temporary which can be treated with medicines or minor procedures like earwax removal, if required. In case the issue relates to middle ear or bony discontinuity, surgical procedures like tympanoplasty or stapedectomy may be required.
At Pristyn care, for Hearing loss we provide Tympanoplasty and Mastoidectormy.
Tympanoplasty is the surgery done to reconstruct the ear drum or the small bones of middle ear responsible for conducting sound waves to the inner ear. The purpose of tympanoplasty is to repair the perforated eardrum, and sometimes the middle ear bones (ossicles) that consist of the incus, malleus, and stapes.
Tympanoplasty can be done under local anesthesia or general anesthesia with time of the procedure varying within 30 mins to 2 hours. This surgery is usually performed under microscope magnifying the micro structures which helps in getting the better results.
Mastoidectomy is a procedure sometimes required along with ear drum repair which involves exenteration of disease from all mastoid air cells for improving ventilation & thereby getting better results in long standing diseases.