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About IVF

In-vitro Fertilization or IVF treatment is a common artificial reproductive procedure that helps couples conceive. As the name suggests, IVF is a reproductive treatment where a female egg is fertilized by the male sperm in a tube or a glass dish, at a specialized infertility lab.



Need for IVF Treatment

Damage or blockage in the uterus or fallopian tube

Ovulation disorders


Uterine fibroids

Unexplained infertility

Poor quality of eggs

Low-quality sperm production

Antibodies that destroy sperms or egg

Fertility preservation for cancer

The genetic health condition in male or female

Benefits of IVF Treatment

IVF works when other infertility treatments fail

You can use donated eggs or sperm

You have control over your pregnancy timing

Increases the chances of conception

Decreases the chances of miscarriage

Increases the chances of having a healthy baby

Anyone can use IVF

Different Types Of IVF Treatment

IVF + Frozen Embryo Transfer (FET)

IVF + Elective Single Embryo Transfer (eSET)

IVF + Intracytoplasmic Injection (ICSI)

IVF + Egg Donor

IVF + Donor Sperm

Natural IVF

Mini IVF (Minimal Stimulation)

Why Choose Pristyn Care for IVF treatment?

Highly experienced fertility specialists

Home sample collection facility

Confidential consultation

No-cost EMI provision


Curing infertility with IVF treatment

Diagnosis for IVF treatment

Before proceeding with IVF, the fertility specialist may need to do multiple tests to determine the problem. If the couple is planning for IVF or if the fertility doctor thinks IVF can help a couple, he or she would want both the male and female to undergo the following tests.

In the case of males, the IVF doctor may recommend the following tests:

  • Semen analysis – The IVF specialist may need to evaluate the sperm and the semen samples of the male. The man can produce the semen by masturbating which is generally collected in the lab in a clean container. The semen is then sent to the lab for analysis which helps the doctor evaluate the quality, quantity, and motility of the sperm.
  • Hormone testing – The doctor may recommend doing a blood test to evaluate the level of testosterone and other male hormones in his body.
  • Vasography – Vasography is an imaging test that is done to check for any damage or blockage in the vas deferens, which is a long tube in males that connects the pelvic cavity to the epididymis.
  • Imaging tests – The male may also be suggested to undergo imaging tests such as ultrasound or MRI of his genitals to confirm if there is a presence of any abnormalities.
  • Genetic testing – Genetic test determines whether there’s a genetic defect that might contribute to infertility-related problems in a male.

In the case of the female, the IVF specialist may recommend the following tests:

  • Imaging tests – Imaging tests like pelvic ultrasound are mostly recommended to identify if there is any abnormality in the uterus or the ovaries of the women.
  • Ovulation testing – Ovulation testing is done through a blood test to determine whether you are ovulating or not.
  • Test for ovarian reserve – Ovarian reserve testing helps the doctor determine the number of eggs available in the ovaries. To evaluate your ovarian reserve, the IVF specialist may require testing your hormones at the beginning of your menstrual cycle.
  • Hysteroscopy – In hysteroscopy, the doctor inserts a flexible, thin lighted medical instrument through the cervix of the woman to view inside her uterus and check if any abnormality is present that is preventing her from getting pregnant.

IVF Treatment explained step by step

Step 1: Beginning of IVF treatment

The IVF treatment journey begins with the doctor determining the best time during your menstrual cycle. IVF treatment requires several eggs to mature.

Step 2: Ovarian stimulation

Ovarian stimulation is the first and the most important step of the process where the doctor stimulates the ovaries to promote the growth of the follicles that contain the eggs. The common hormones that are used to stimulate the follicles are Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) and Luteinizing Hormone (LH). Once injected, the IVF doctor along with the team monitors how the ovaries respond to the medications.

Step 3: Trigger Injections

Once the doctor sees that the egg follicles in the ovaries are enough, the doctor would stop the LH and FSH injections and would recommend the time when you need to administer trigger injections. The trigger injection includes injecting human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) to mature the eggs and help them get released from the ovarian follicle wall.

Step 4: Egg retrieval

Egg retrieval or ‘egg picking stage’ is a daycare procedure, done under general anesthesia. During the procedure, the doctor inserts a fine needle with an ultrasound-guided probe through the vaginal canal of the woman to retrieve her mature eggs. The procedure generally does not take more than 30 minutes. On average, 8-15 eggs are collected during this process. Once the eggs are retrieved, the patient is allowed to go home and rest. It is best if the patient is accompanied by her partner or someone else who can help her drive and reach home safely.

Step 5: Sperm collection

After retrieving/ collecting the eggs, the IVF doctor will need to collect the sperm from the male partner. At this stage, the male partner will be asked to produce his semen specimen. Every IVF lab will have a dedicated room where the male can masturbate and give his sperm/ semen specimen. The male partner can produce his semen specimen at home or at the clinic where the semen specimen would be stored. In case the couple wants to use donor sperm or frozen sperm, the IVF team will get it ready in the lab.

The collected sperm sample is washed with medicine under a microscope to get rid of all sorts of dirt and debris. This cleansing is done to find out the healthiest sperm that can fertilize the eggs. A perfect healthy sperm is one that is not very long and not too short either, not too fat or not too thin.

Step 6: Fertilization

Once the sperm is washed and concentrated, it is placed in an incubator along with the eggs for fertilization. The process is very similar to that of natural fertilization where ‘sperm meets eggs’ inside a human body.

Step 7: Embryo development

The eggs that would be fertilized by the egg would then turn into an embryo. The IVF specialist will collect the embryo, place it in a special incubator and monitor its growth for the next 4-6 days. The developed embryo would be mixed with amino acids to its growth. If the growth of the embryo is consistent, it is likely to turn into a 4-8 cell embryo by the 4th day.

Step 8: Embryo transfer

Embryo transfer refers to a process where the developed embryo is transferred from the incubator and implanted in the uterine wall. This process is quick, does not take more than 20 minutes, and can be done at the clinic of the doctor. During the process, the woman would be asked to lie down on her back and spread her legs. The doctor will collect the embryo with a very soft, flexible, and thin catheter. Using a speculum, the doctor will open the cervix and insert the catheter through the cervix into the uterus to plant the embryo.

An abdominal ultrasound is conducted to make sure that the tip of the catheter places the embryo at the best location for the embryo implantation. After the embryo transplant is over, the woman is allowed to head home.

Step 9: Pregnancy check

The woman would be called to the clinic after 2 weeks for a blood test. If the blood test shows the presence of hCG in it, the pregnancy is successful. If the results are positive, the doctor would suggest the best pregnancy care tips to the woman and encourage her to limit strenuous physical activities. If the blood test does not show the presence of hCG, it indicates that the pregnancy is not successful. In that case, the doctor may either repeat the entire process once again or may determine another line of treatment.

In our Doctor’s Words

Dr. Janani Manoharan

MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, DMAS

15 Years Experience Overall

In our Doctor’s Words

The most common fear among my patients is- Are IVF babies healthy? Well yes, absolutely! An IVF baby is as healthy as any other naturally conceived child. Millions of babies have birthed since the first IVF and there are no recorded long term difference in their health/ immunity. The method only differs them based on their way of conception and not health. Infact, the quality of your babys health depends directly on the quality of you and your partners eggs, your diet, gestation period, and your physical and mental health throughout the pregnancy. As long as these factors are in place and you manage your stress pointers, your babys health will be absolutely perfect!

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Frequently Asked Questions

Is IVF painful?

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Is IVF safe?

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How many injections are required for IVF treatment?

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Are there any side effects of IVF treatment?

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Is breast pain during IVF normal?

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Are ovarian cysts after IVF treatment normal?

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What medications or fertility drugs are used during IVF treatment procedure?

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How long does it take to get pregnant with IVF?

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I am planning to undergo IVF. What are my chances of getting pregnant?

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Can I choose the gender of my baby through IVF?

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Are IVF babies healthy?

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What is the cost of IVF treatment in Mysore?

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Know more about IVF treatment

Do’s and don’ts before and during IVF treatment

Here are some simple but significant dos and don’ts for the pre-IVF cycle period, during the IVF process, and post-IVF procedure.

  • Reduce stress – There is no denying that IVF is stressful. But you should also know that your stress and anxiety can have a negative impact on the hormones which are responsible for your reproduction. The lesser your stress level, the higher are the chances of your IVF being a success.
  • Maintain a healthy body weight – Being overweight or underweight is bad for IVF success. To get the best results of IVF, it is important to achieve a healthy weight or maintain a healthy body mass index (BMI). Healthy weight improves your chances of conception.
  • Refrain from smoking or drinking alcohol – Smoking is a total no for couples who are trying to conceive. Alcohol consumption is also considered to be harmful but drinking in moderation (not more than60 ml twice a week) is permitted. But for higher chances of success, quitting alcohol and smoking totally is recommended.
  • Try acupuncture – Acupuncture is believed to increase the chances of IVF success. Acupuncture helps in implantation and aids the conception process. If you are planning for IVF, you can include acupuncture in your daily regime.”’
  • Do what the doctor advises – The couple should thoroughly follow the advice of the doctor. It is important to take the prescribed medications and injections on time. What the doctor advises is critical for the couple.
  • Get enough rest – Get adequate sleep. Relax, and let your body do the processing. &-8 hours of sound sleep is highly recommended post IVF. Any amount less or more can do harm to the body. Stay positive and keep your mind calm.
  • Be hopeful and stay positive – Hope is the only thing that should keep you going. The whole journey of IVF is not easy many a time, it may not even lead to any positive outcome. But you need to stay calm, trust your doctor and have a positive outlook.


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