Veins may bulge with pools of blood when they not succeed to circulate the blood properly. These noticeable and bulging veins, called varicose veins, are found in both males and females, but it frequently affects women. It appears more commonly in the legs and thighs, but can develop anywhere in the body. This unwanted "body art" can be caused by genetic tendency, Puberty,pregnancy,menopause, or by taking estrogen, progesterone, and birth control pills,
Varicose vein treatment depends on the severity of the disease and whether the problem originates in the saphenous vein or the veins that branch off of that trunk. You may know the severity of problem by an ultrasound and then you'll find the best treatment options available for you. These may include:
Sclerotherapy: It involves injecting a solution straight into the vein. The sclerotherapy solution causes the vein to scar, forcing blood to reroute through healthier veins.The different methods are:
It is also known as vein ‘stripping’, Phlebotomy is a surgical procedure in which the surgeon makes small cuts near the damaged vein and removes the entire vein. Doctors at times do phlebectomy collectively with other procedures, like ablation.
The Thermal ablation involves using laser or radio frequency energy to heat the inside of the vein. This procedure destroys the vein wall, the vein shrinks, and the body absorbs it over time.Thermal ablation works well as a varicose vein treatment, but it may cause a little bruising and discomfort for some duration. In this method, we heat the vein to 200 degrees to destroy it, therefore, we need to numb the area around it with an anesthetic, which may cause some discomfort as well. Veins generally become less visible within one to two weeks. The procedure needs some local anesthesia, but some people get little pain after the procedure.
There are two similar non-thermal techniques:
Varithna is basically the same as thermal ablation but in this procedure we use a potent drug instead of heat that destroys the vein more permanently.
In this method, glue is used to shut off the vein.