Sexually transmitted diseases or STDs are infections that are spread by sexual contact with an infected person. STDs are serious infections that need treatment. Here is a list of some of the STDs:
Chlamydia or Gonorrhoea
Both infections may appear similar, having a greenish-yellow discharge and painful urination, but generally asymptomatic. If untreated, it can lead to infertility. They can be diagnosed by vaginal swab or urine sample. If positive, you’ll be prescribed antibiotics and recommended to avoid sex for a week.
Trichomoniasis is caused by a microscopic, unicellular parasite known as trichomonas vaginalis. Generally asymptomatic, but the symptoms may include musty-smelling discharge and itching or vaginal burning. Trichomoniasis can be treated with a single dose of antibiotics for a week.
HIV is caused by a human immunodeficiency virus. The Infection interferes with your body’s ability to fight off bacteria, viruses, and fungi that cause diseases and it can lead to AIDS which is a life-threatening disease.
Initially, an HIV infected person may have no symptoms. Some people get a flu-like illness, generally two to six weeks after being infected. However, it can be diagnosed by an HIV test only.
Very contagious, genital herpes is caused by a type of the herpes simplex virus (HSV) which enters your body through small breaks in your skin or mucous membranes. Mostly asymptomatic or with very mild symptoms. Though it’s not ‘curable’, antiviral medication may help keep outbreaks dormant.
Very common types of STD, genital warts are generally skin –colored, cauliflower-shaped structure caused by HPV virus. Some forms of HPV put women at high risk of cervical cancer. Other forms cause genital warts. Your GP may recommend a topical treatment cream that generally clears warts in four to six weeks or she may remove them in-office.
Syphilis is a bacterial infection. It affects your genitals, skin and mucous membranes, but it may also involve many other parts of the body, like heart and brain. The signs and symptoms of syphilis may take place in four stages i.e. primary, secondary, latent and tertiary. There’s also a form known as congenital syphilis, which happens when a pregnant woman infected with syphilis passes the disease to her unborn child which can be life-threatening, so it’s important for a pregnant woman with syphilis to be treated.