Cataract surgery is the outpatient procedure to remove the diseased lens of the eye and replace it with a new artificial lens, also known as an intraocular lens (IOL). Generally, it takes around 4-6 weeks to completely recover after cataract surgery. Meanwhile, there are some post-operative instructions that the patient needs to follow. These instructions ensure the risk of side effects diminishes and vision restores quickly. The precautions to follow after cataract surgery is explained in this blog. 

Activities To Follow After Cataract Surgery

Here are some of the activities that are allowed after cataract surgery.  

  • Put the eye drops as prescribed by the eye surgeon. 
  • Relax for the initial days of recovery so that there is no excessive strain on the eyes.
  • Protect the eye with the eye patch before going to sleep at night. 
  • Read, watch TV or stare at the screen but for a limited duration to avoid eye fatigue. 
  • When taking a shower, protect the eyes by wearing the eye shield. 
  • Clean the eye shield and sunglasses daily with soap and warm water before wearing them to lower the risk of any infection. 
  • Take the antibiotics or other prescribed medications as recommended by the surgeon. 
  • Shave carefully provided that you don’t wash the face. 
  • Resume sexual activities only proper consultation with the doctor.
  • Whenever touching the treated area, wash the hands thoroughly with soap.  

Activities To Avoid After Cataract Surgery 

Similar to activities that are allowed, there are some activities that you must completely avoid post-cataract surgery. Keep the following tips in mind- 

  • Avoid rubbing or touching the treated eye absolutely.
  • Do not splash water into the eyes directly. 
  • Do not use soap to wash the face at any cost or it can get inside the eye and result in irritation. 
  • Do not apply any makeup on the eyes. 
  • Do not take a head bath for at least a month. Speak with your doctor first before doing so. 
  • Neither drive nor fly during the recovery period.
  • Avoid going to crowded places to lower the risk of an eye infection. 
  • Do not perform any strenuous activities to prevent putting any strain on the eyes.
  • Avoid straining during a bowel movement. 
  • Limit exercise for the entire duration of recovery. 
  • Avoid going swimming or taking a dip in the pool.
  • Avoid sneezing or vomiting immediately after the surgery. 
  • Do not go to dusty places. 
  • Do not miss out on any of the follow-ups with the doctor.

Read More: Can You Get Rid Of Cataract Naturally?

How To Wash The Eyes After Cataract Surgery?

Here is a step-by-step guide on eye washing after cataract surgery-

  • First, wash both the hands with soap and water. Make sure that they are absolutely dry.
  • To clean the wound, you require boiled water that is cooled down to room temperature and a clean cotton ball and gauze. 
  • Dip the cotton ball or gauze in the bowl of water and squeeze out the excess water. 
  • Take the soaked cotton and stroke it around the eye margin and eyelid gently.  
  • While cleaning the eye, move from the inner part of the eye to the outer and not the other way around. 
  • With the other end of the cotton, gently clean the eyelids. 
  • While cleaning the lower lids, look upwards. 
  • Repeat this twice a day unless instructed otherwise by the  eye surgeon. 

Complications That Can Occur If Proper Precautions Are Not Taken

Cataract surgery is a safe procedure to undergo. The laser-assisted technique to complete the procedure provides extra security as it guarantees far more precision and accuracy. Hence, our team of doctors relies on this technique over conventional methods to remove cataracts. 


However, the patient may have to suffer several risks and complications if they don’t follow the proper post-operative instructions provided by our doctors. Some of these are-

  • Infection in and around the eyes
  • Inflammation inside the eyes 
  • Broken lens pieces stuck inside the eye
  • Detachment of the retina
  • Extreme sensitivity to light
  • Swelling of the middle of the retina, also known as macular edema 
  • Elevated pressure inside the eye that can cause glaucoma
  • drooping of the eyelids also known as ptosis 

Also Read: What Happens In Case Of Untreated Cataract?

Symptoms To Look Out For  

Once you are back at home, it is common to watery eyes, blurred vision, redness in the eyes, or double vision. Experts explain that this is the eye’s mechanism of coping up to the new lens implanted.


However, there can be some symptoms you need to watch out for as they indicate something far more serious. These symptoms occur when the patient doesn’t take proper precautions. Look out for the following- 

  • Pain that doesn’t come down 
  • Feeling of nausea and vomiting 
  • Seeing white spots in front the eyes
  • Seeing glares in the eyes 
  • Unable to make out objects gradually 
  • Sneezing or coughing incessantly 
  • Suddenly complete loss of vision 

In case you experience any of the above symptoms, Pristyn Care doctors recommend contacting the eye surgeon or getting medical attention immediately. 

Also Read: What are Signs and Symptoms of Cataract? Know Preventive Steps


It is of utmost importance that patients follow the instructions after the cataract surgery. Otherwise, there is a high possibility of side effects and complications. For any more clarification related to cataract surgery, consult with eye surgeons from Pristyn Care. To ensure the proper diagnosis of the condition, our doctors utilize state-of-the-art equipment. In addition to this, we recommend going for follow-up consultations to check the progress of healing. Book an appointment today to know more. 

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