A hernia occurs when an organ pushes through an opening in connective tissue called fascia. There are five types of hernia that are most common in men-
- Inguinal or inner groin hernia,
- Hiatal or upper stomach hernia and
- Incisional hernia
There can be a variety of reasons for the occurrence of hernia in an individual. Some of the most common causes that result in the development of hernia are- ceaseless constipation, persistent sneezing or coughing and lifting heavy weights in an inappropriate manner.
Also Read: Which Hernia is Common in Women?
Five Most Common Hernia That Develops In Men
Inguinal Hernia in Men
This type of hernia that occurs in the inguinal canal. The inguinal canal is a tubular structure where a man’s testicles descend before birth. This may result in the internal inguinal ring which is a natural defect in men, and this can lead to an inguinal hernia if it does not close properly.
This causes a protrusion of tissue or organ in the abdominal region. It is a painful condition that is most common in men and consists of two-third of all adult hernia.
This hernia occurs in the lower abdomen, near the pubic area. If in case, these hernia occur on both sides of the pubic area it is called a bilateral inguinal hernia. This may result in pain in the upper thigh.
Inguinal hernia may be direct or indirect. A direct inguinal hernia occurs through a weak point in the fascia of the abdominal wall whereas indirect inguinal hernia is a consequence of a naturally occurring weakness in the internal inguinal ring.
In order to diagnose an inguinal hernia, the doctor looks for the following common symptoms-
- A bulge on one or both sides of the groin, that becomes more visible when coughing or straining.
- Burning sensation near the bulge
- Pain around the groin area, especially when performing strenous activities such as bending over, coughing or lifting.
There are several approaches to treat Inguinal hernia- Laparoscopic, tension-free (placing 3D meshes) and tension-repair. The recurrence rate of the former two techniques is comparatively low.
Men with Hiatal Hernia
Hiatal comes from the word hiatus which is an opening in the diaphragm (a muscle that separates the abdominal cavity from the chest). And, hiatal hernia occurs when a part of the upper stomach is pushed through the hiatus. This may lead to acid reflux causing pain, heartburn, and erosion of the esophagus.
In addition to the above symptoms, some other symptoms that are associated with a hiatal hernia are-
- Difficulty in swallowing
- Chest or abdominal pain
- Shortness of breath
A Hiatal hernia can be treated with a laparoscopic fundoplication surgery. In this surgery, a patient can resume daily activities in a week.
Also Read: Food Guide for Hiatal Patients
Incisional Hernia in Men
This type of hernia occurs as a result of incompletely-healed surgical wound in the abdominal region. These may occur years, months or weeks after the surgery and can vary in size and complexity. One should immediately see a doctor in case of incisional hernia as the complications may increase over time.
The symptoms of an incisional hernia are similar to those of hiatal hernia- burning sensation around the hernia, pain or discomfort while moving, etc.
Femoral Hernia in men
In this type of hernia, an organ displaces from its original position through an opening in the abdomen near the groin or inner thigh area. This hernia develops due to weakening in the femoral canal– space between fat and lymph nodes- due to excessive straining. However, this hernia is more common in women than in men.
Umbilical Hernia in men
Near the belly button, when the intestine protrudes through the abdominal muscles an umbilical hernia develops. More common in infants and children, an umbilical hernia can develop in men also.
Ventral Hernia in men
When there is a protrusion of an organ such as a loop of intestine or abdominal tissue along the vertical center of the abdomen, a ventral hernia develops. This hernia can occur at any location of the abdominal wall.
Prevention of Hernia in Men
Here’s how men, as well as women, can prevent a hernia.
Laparoscopic Surgery For A Hernia in Men
Laparoscopic (minimally invasive) repair uses a laparoscope, a thin telescope-like instrument that is being put inside the abdomen. The patient gets general anesthesia before the surgery. There is a complete evaluation of the general state of the patient’s health, including a history, physical exam and an electrocardiogram (ECG).
The pain during this surgery is very less. The laparoscope has a tiny video camera on top that projects an “inside view” of your body on the screen.
The surgeon inflates the abdomen with a harmless gas (carbon dioxide), which creates space to allow your doctor to view your internal organs. The inner lining of the abdomen is cut to expose the weakness. Surgeon places mesh on the inside to cover the defects in the abdominal wall and strengthen the tissue.
After the procedure is complete, surgical tape or adhesive glue closes the small abdominal incisions. Within a few months, the incisions are barely visible.
There are several benefits of laparoscopic hernia surgery including three tiny scars rather than one larger incision, less pain after surgery, a quick return to work and a quick complete short recovery time (a week or two).
In addition to this, Laparoscopic mesh surgery has a lower recurrence rate compared to the tension-repair technique.
If you are looking for hernia treatment, you can visit Pristyn Care clinics or book an online appointment without any delay!