A patient can have an internal or external hernia. External hernias are the ones that push through the muscles, toward the outside of the body and are visible under the skin. On the other hand, the internal hernias are the ones that push through a different layer of muscle, embedding deep under the skin.
There are several types of hernias, each of them come with their own set of symptoms.
Ahead in the blog, you will find symptoms of external and internal hernias and also symptoms of various types of hernias in men.
Also Read: Hernias in Men versus Hernias in Women
Symptoms of External Hernia
The cases of external hernias are more than an internal hernia.
An inguinal hernia happens when one section of the intestine or the fatty tissues push through the abdominal wall in the groin area,area between the hips and the stomach. It is the most common type of hernia is an inguinal hernia. (Also Read: Precautions after Inguinal Hernia Surgery )
The location of each type of hernia varies. Moreover, different types of hernias will not cause the same symptoms.
Most common symptoms of external hernia in men include:
- A visible lump or bulge in the groin or abdomen area
- The bulge is mostly painful in men.
- A bulge which can be pushed back in ( the bulge also mostly disappears upon lying down on the back)
- Noticeable increase in the size of the bulge with the passage of time
- Pain or a burning sensation on or near the bulge
- Pain while coughing, lifting heavy objects or even bending over
- Feeling heavy or loaded around the abdomen or groin.
- bowel obstruction or a feeling of fullness.
Symptoms of Internal Hernia
- Chronic constipation
- Epigastric or abdominal Hernia pain
- Abdominal tenderness
- Abnormal bowel movements
- Palpation of a mass
- Abdominal distension
- Inability to eliminate flatus (gas in or from the stomach or intestine).
Also Read: Things To Do and Avoid During Hernia
Classification of Symptoms in Different types of Hernias in Men
Symptoms of Ventral hernia
Some patients don’t experience any pain or discomfort in the early stages of ventral hernia. In most cases, the first symptom of this type of hernia is a visible bulge under the skin in the abdomen or an area that is tender to the touch.
Common symptoms of Ventral hernia include:
- Visible bulge under the skin in the abdomen (the bulge mostly disappears upon lying down on the back)
- Tender abdominal area.
A patient with ventral hernia experiences an increase in pain in the following cases:
- While lifting heavy objects.
- Straining at the time of passing stool or urinating
- Sitting or standing continuously for a long period of time.
Also Read: Facts Everybody Should Know About A Hernia
Symptoms of Inguinal hernia
Common symptoms of Inguinal hernia signs:
- A bulge in the abdominal area on any side of the pubic bone. The bulge is more visible while standing up
- A burning sensation or pain on or near the bulge
- Pain or discomfort in or around the groin, especially at the time of bending over, coughing or lifting heavy objects or weights
- Feeling heavy near the groin
- Sensitivity or feeling pressure near the groin
- Occasional pain and swelling around the testicles
Symptoms of Hiatal Hernias
Hiatal Hernia mostly causes no symptoms. But in the case of larger Hiatal Hernias, the patient may include the following symptoms larger:
- Regurgitation or pouring back of food or liquids to the mouth
- Acid Reflux- Backflow of acids in the stomach into the esophagus
- Difficulty in swallowing
- Pain in the chest or abdominal
- Shortness of breath
- Blood in vomit – which is a symptom of gastrointestinal bleeding
- Passing of black stools- which is a symptom of gastrointestinal bleeding
Also Read: Food Guide for Hiatal Hernia Patients
Visit your doctor as soon as you realize any symptoms of a hernia. If you have sharp or sudden pain, get immediate help. Sometimes, as mentioned above, the hernia may not show a bulge. So keep a look for other symptoms and if you feel you are experiencing symptoms of a hernia, and give a call at Pristyn Care for immediate help.