The problem of kidney stone is more common than we think. And the sad part is out of 100, 50% of people aren’t even aware of it which makes it a bigger problem. Kidney stones can lead to more severe kidney problems in the future if left untreated.
What is kidney stone?
The formation of hard deposits in the kidneys that travel through the urinary tract to exit the body are kidney stones. The process can be really painful and is known as the passing of kidney stones. They occur when salts and minerals like calcium oxalate crystallize in the kidneys and form hard stones. It is calculi or urolithiasis.
The major causes of kidney stones
- Too little fluid intake
- Chronic urinary tract infections
- Urinary tract blockage
- Misuse of certain medication
- Genetic and metabolic ailments
- Diet high in uric content
Symptoms of having kidney stones
Severe pain could be felt in kidneys and lower abdomen, which might move to the groin, nausea and vomiting, fever, chills and weakness, cloudy or foul-smelling urine, blood in urine, blocked flow of urine are some symptoms of having kidney stone.
Also Read: 8 Signs that you have Kidney Stones
Diagnosis can be done through blood tests, urine test, imaging, and analysis of passed stones personally.
Food Causing kidney stones
Food plays a very important role in causing as well as eliminating certain risks of disease. Let’s have some insights about the food that cause kidney stones and food that you need to avoid:
Too much salt:
Too much salt consumption will raise sodium levels in the body and can promote calcium build-up. Always check the labels on packed and processed food to know the amount of sodium they contain.
food high in oxalates:
You need to be very wise in choosing food that contain oxalates as too much consumption of oxalates might result in kidney stones formation. food high in oxalate are nuts, tea, chocolates, beets spinach, sweet potatoes, etc.
Animal protein intake:
You need to lower your animal protein intake. food such as red meat, pork, eggs, poultry, and fish increase the amount of uric acid you produce and lowers the amount of citrate in urine. Citrate’s job is to prevent the formation of kidney stones. Hence uric acid production has must be under check.
Added sugars are sugars and syrups that are added to drinks and processed food. Keep an eye on the amount of sugar you consume with cakes, fruits, soft drinks,and juices. That might promote the formation of kidney stones if consumed in higher amounts. (Know More: The types of Kidney Stones)
Cola contains phosphate which can form kidney stones. Phosphate stone crystals form when the calcium atoms combine with phosphoric instead of oxalic acid and form calcium phosphate kidney stones.
Phosphorus is a common additive and preservative. You should read the labels of packed food and frozen food if it has some ingredients starting with ‘phos.’ as it indicated phosphorus which if consumed too much will produce kidney stones. (Do You Know: How Dangerous are Processed food?)
High dosage of vitamin C supplements:
When the body excretes vitamin C in excess quantity, it is in the form of oxalates which is a body waste product. Consuming too much vitamin C has the potential to increase the amount of oxalate in your urine which further increases the risk of forming kidney stones.
High-protein food: High protein intakes will cause the kidneys to excrete calcium which is again a major cause for kidney stone formation.
Also Read: 20 Home Remedies for Kidney Stones
These are some food that need to be limited if consumed in excess quantity as they arise the risk of kidney stones generation. Let’s have a concise look at a few tips to avoid kidney stones risk:
- Drink plenty of water. Keep yourself hydrated.
- Avoid food and drinks high in oxalates and phosphates.
- Avoid alcohol or anything that dehydrates you.
- Drink citrus juices such as orange juice.
- Eat a calcium-rich meal three times a day.
These were some suggestions regarding what to have and what not for avoiding the risk of kidney stones. But if you notice or observe any symptom, one must always prefer consultation from a physician or medical practitioner for specific treatment recommendations. Make yourself aware of the food and such contents that might increase the uric acid formation of calcium formation which is the main cause for stones.
Also Read: How to Treat Kidney Stones in a Day?