Unusually large and twisted veins in the body are called varicose veins. Varicose veins mostly occur in the lower legs. The veins of the legs are the most affected because of the pressure on your lower body. The major factors that contribute to varicose veins are standing or walking for long hours, wearing heels, etc. Such physical activities add up to the pressure on the veins of the lower legs. and ultimately result in the development of varicose veins.
Although varicose veins can occur in both genders, women are more prone to it. Especially, pregnant women are at higher risk of developing varicose veins. Due to an increase in weight during pregnancy, the pressure on the veins of the legs increases.
Let’s look at the other risk factors of varicose veins that are common to both the genders:
- Hormonal imbalance
- Excess body weight (obesity)
- Family history of varicose veins
- Standing or sitting for long hours
Many people consider varicose veins to be just a cosmetic issue. But, in actuality, it is a medical condition that can cause severe problems if you leave it untreated.
You must consult a specialist doctor if you notice any symptoms of varicose veins. You should not take the problem of varicose veins casually. If you leave varicose veins untreated, the symptoms will grow severe with time and it may lead to further health complications. (Also Read: Things You Should Know About Varicose Veins )
Complications that can arise if you leave varicose veins untreated
- Hyperpigmentation- When you leave varicose veins untreated, it causes the blood from the veins to leak into the surrounding tissues. Such a condition of varicose veins is really painful. This leads to swelling and the skin turns discolored and dark. This medical condition is called hyperpigmentation. It is one of the most common complications of varicose veins.
- Clotting of blood due in varicose veins- When you do not treat varicose veins in time, it increases the risks of blood clots. The prolonged inflammation of the veins prevents the proper flow of blood through them. Blood clots start forming when the blood starts collecting in veins.
Such a condition of a blood clot in the deep veins of the body is called deep vein thrombosis. Deep vein thrombosis can be dangerous to one’s life if a blood clot moves into the bloodstream.
- Skin Infections- Overstretching of the skin due to swelling of the veins makes it more prone to skin infections. Cellulitis is the most common skin infection that can occur in cases of untreated varicose veins. It needs medication to heal the infection. Subsiding the swelling also helps in relieving the infection.
- Ulcers in veins- Prolonged inflammation of the veins can lead to venous ulcers. It causes extreme pain along with heaviness in the legs. The skin also gets discolored due to the ulcers. In chronic cases of venous ulcers, pus-like discharge starts coming out of the ulcers. Such a severe case of varicose veins with venous ulcers can be actually life-threatening. Thus, venous ulcers are actually an emergency condition due to untreated varicose veins.
- Hardening/stiffening of the tissues of the legs- The tissues of the legs harden over time if you leave varicose veins untreated. The hardening of tissues makes it difficult for the person to move his legs. Such a condition of extreme tenderness of the legs is called lipodermatosclerosis.
- Inflammation of the superficial veins of legs- The blood flow to the veins just below the surface of the skin decreases due to varicose veins. If you leave varicose veins untreated, this results in the inflammation of these superficial veins. Such a condition of inflammation is called superficial thrombophlebitis. A patient suffering from thrombophlebitis has to endure extreme pain and swelling in the legs.
Most of these complications of untreated varicose veins can actually prove to be life-threatening. To keep these complications away, make sure that you receive proper treatment.
There are both surgical and non-surgical treatments available for varicose veins.
The non-surgical treatment for varicose veins include:
This treatment involves injecting into the enlarged veins. Sclerotherapy allows the veins to regain their original normal size. The solution injected makes sure that there are no scar tissues in the veins and clots left in the veins. This solution for varicose veins takes a few weeks to cure the problem. (Also Read: Varicose Vein Treatment with Sclerotherapy )
These compression stockings help in pressing your legs gently and improve the flow of blood in your legs. This is a very common solution for varicose veins that people use.
Both of these treatments of varicose veins can be effective in mild cases. But there are high chances that varicose veins might reappear.
So, let’s now know about the treatment that offers a permanent solution for varicose veins. It is the advanced laser treatment that can get you rid of varicose veins once and for all.
Laser Treatment For Varicose Veins
The modern laser-based treatment for varicose veins is quite simple and effective. Laser treatment for varicose veins is minimally invasive in nature. The doctors employ a high-intensity laser beam and insert it into the vein with the help of a probe. This makes the varicose veins fade away.
The laser treatment for varicose veins involves no cuts, wounds, or scars. It is a daycare procedure that takes only 30 minutes to complete. The patient is discharged on the same day after the laser treatment. So, there is nothing to worry about spending long days in the hospital. (Also Read: Advantages and benefits of laser treatment of varicose veins)
Other benefits of laser treatment for varicose veins
- Speedy recovery within 3-5 days
- No restrictions of the lifestyle
- No wounds and long-terms scarring
- Varicose veins won’t recur
- Nil chances of complications
Laser treatment is certainly the best option to cure varicose veins. Get in touch with a specialist doctor to know more about this modern treatment to cure varicose veins.
Some tips to prevent varicose veins
Although treatment for varicose veins is mandatory, there are some preventive tips that can help you. If not absolute prevention, these tips will improve the blood circulation and build muscular strength. Following these below-mentioned tips will reduce the chances of the inflammation of the veins of the lower legs.
- Exercising regularly
- Stay away from obesity
- Have a fiber-rich diet
- Limit the consumption of salt and caffeine
- Avoid wearing high heels for long hours
- Do not sit in the same position for long continuous hours
These tips might help prevent the varicose veins from getting severe.