The doctor can perform a physical examination to look for obesity in a patient. The diagnosis is fairly easier. In addition, the doctor can ask for some tests such as Abdominal ultrasound, Blood studies including a complete blood count (CBC), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), cortisol, creatinine, electrolytes, prolactin and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), Cardiac catheterization, Chest X-ray and Colonoscopy.
Weight loss surgeries are collectively called as Bariatric surgery. The following surgeries can be performed in this:
- Gastric Bypass: In Gastric Bypass, Small Intestine is cut with a short distance below the main stomach and is connected to the small pouch. The main stomach will still connect with the small intestine so that the small intestine could receive digestive juices from the main stomach. The small pouch will directly send the food to the distal part of the small intestine. Food now bypasses a portion of the small intestine hence, fewer nutrients & calories are absorbed.
- Sleeve Gastrectomy: In this process, Only a small sleeve-shaped pouch stomach is left and the rest of the stomach is removed. This banana sized stomach will hold 1 ½ to 5 ounces. Patients take limited food and low calories diet which can be absorbed by the body with great ease and thus improve the diet system. Sleeve Gastrectomy helps the patients in weight loss, improvement in metabolic syndrome and overall better health.
- Gastric Bands: In this surgery, Gastric band or Lap band is placed around the stomach directly below the esophagus. A small port is inserted into the skin and a tube is attached to the band. The doctor makes sure to tighten the band after the surgery. The band is filled with saline that compresses the band around the stomach area. Food then sits in this area giving the patients the feeling of a full stomach and is processed through the normal digestion system.
- Mini Gastric bypass: In this process, the stomach is divided with a laparoscopic stapler. A new stomach will be created in a tube shape and the real stomach will no longer be attached to the esophagus and won't receive food. Around 2-7 feet of intestines are bypassed and the remaining intestine will be attached to the new stomach by the surgeon. Food will be delivered to the new stomach with the normal digestive system in your remaining intestine. The whole procedure is performed within an hour by our expert surgeon.