Hernia is a disease and for every disease there are dos and don’ts. A hernia occurs due to protruding of tissue from its original place. An interesting fact to note is that inguinal hernia is also very common in infants and children. The most appropriate treatment to repair a hernia is laparoscopic surgery, especially in infants because of the reducing risk of wound infection.

Types of hernia

Types of Hernia

A hernia is broadly categorized into two- Ventral (occurs along the vertical center of the abdominal wall) and inguinal (occurs around the groins and top of the legs). Furthermore, there are three types of vetral hernia – hiatus, umbilical and incisional.

  • Hiatus hernia – Occurs near the diaphragm that separates the abdomen from the chest
  • Umbilical hernia – Develop in the area of the belly button
  • Incisional hernia – Occurs around the site of a previous surgery
  • Umbilical hernia – Develop in the area of the belly button

An Inguinal hernia can be of two types –

  • Unilateral – Occurs on one side of the groin
  • Bilateral – Develops on both sides of the genital parts

Hernia Symptoms

A hernia gets worse and bigger with time. But you might be thinking how to know whether you have a hernia or not. If there’s a bulge on either side of the pubic bone, especially when you are standing or sitting upright then don’t turn a blind eye. This can be an inguinal hernia! 

Mesh repair
Apart from that some of the symptoms that can occur during inguinal hernia are:
  • Pain
  • Burning sensation in the groin area
  • The bulge around the groin area
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • A feeling of weakness

What are the Reasons for the Occurrence of hernia?

But who all are more prone to developing a hernia? People who are-

  • Smokers
  • Above 60 years
  • Born with weak muscles
  • Suffering from chronic constipation
  • Pregnancy

Do’s and don’ts during hernia

If you are diagnosed with a hernia, it is important to follow a set of instructions so that the condition doesn’t get worse before the surgery. 

Do’s

You can do the following activities during a hernia-

  • Consume fruits and vegetables
  • Drink at least 1.5-2 liters of water daily
  • Increase liquid intake to prevnt constipation
  • Sweat and lose excess toxins without straining
  • Eat small meals in every few hours instead of one big meal

Don’ts

Doctors will ask you to avoid the following activities-

  • Don’t reduce the amount of food you consume
  • Avoid excessive straining during bowel movement
  • Stop smoking and drinking immediately
  • Avoid lying down immediately after meals
  • Don’t wear tight clothes
  • Avoid consuming a high-calorific diet as they are difficult to digest
  • Restrict yourself from lifting heavyweight

Treatment 

In the case of hernia, doctors recommend surgery. There are two ways to treat hernia – “open” surgery and laparoscopic treatment.

In open hernia repair surgery, a single long incision is made in the protruding area. The hernia sac is pushed back or tied off for removal. The risk of recurrence is reduces by swing the patches of mesh over the weak muscles. 

Studies show that laparoscopic procedures, which are also known as minimally-invasive surgery, are more successful in providing relief from hernias than other traditional “open” surgery. Many patients ask their doctor about the laparoscopic procedure. 

Laparoscopic hernia repair

Laparoscopic surgery for hernia

Here is a step-by-step process of a laparoscopy-

  • The surgeon makes three or four ¼” to ½” incisions in your abdomen. This incision is known as port.
  • Through one of the ports, the surgeon fills the abdomen with CO2.
  • Then a laparoscope gets in through one of the openings, allowing the surgeon to see the area on a TV monitor.
  • The surgeon then performs the procedure navigating tiny surgical instruments going through the other openings while viewing it on the TV monitor.
  • Placing the mesh makes the abdominal wall strong.
  • The surgeon removes the instruments and closes the holes with a stitch or two or with surgical tape.

Diet after surgery-

Some foods that can speed up the healing process after hernia surgery-

  • Increase your protein intake by consuming – Eggs, cottage cheese, soy, fish, meat, dairy, nuts
  • Improve vitamin C intake by consuming – Potatoes, citrus fruits such as oranges, lemons, etc. , cauliflowers, spinach, tomatoes
  • Increase your vitamin D intake by consuming – Orange juice, Cereals, Almond milk
  • Increase your calcium intake by consuming – Dairies like cheese, milk, and yogurt. Seeds such as poppy, sesame, chia seeds and almonds are good for you

The main causes for a hernia include chronic constipation, prolonged cough, lifting heavy weights or poor nutrition. Another important factor that aggravates the chances of a person to develop hernia is obesity. Recent studies suggest that laparoscopic treatment has a higher success rate in curing hernia than open surgical methods. Our doctors at Pristyn Care are specially trained in laparoscopic surgeries for curing hernia. Get it done now!

2 thoughts on “Things To Do and Avoid During Hernia”

  1. I am suffering from a hernia in the groins. This blog helped me a lot to understand what should I do as well as avoid to get relief from a hernia. After reading, I think I’ll be able to get some relief from the discomfort. Thanks for sharing! Is the laparoscopic surgery mentioned here a permanent solution?

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