Commonly referred to as lipo, it is the surgical procedure to reshape specific parts of the body by removing stubborn fat. With small changes, the person is able to experience dramatic improvements in the physical as well as the psychological appearance of the body.
Cosmetic surgeons use a cannula- a hollow instrument- and high-pressure vacuum machine to remove fat from the body. This procedure cannot cure cellulite, stretch marks or dimples. With a single procedure of liposuction, the surgeons can extract up to 5 liters of fat safely. Both men and women can undergo liposuction procedure to be confident about their body shape.
Liposuction is one of the most common surgical procedures that doctors perform around the globe
Liposuction is not a weight-loss procedure
Liposuction is a cosmetic procedure that is common both in men and women. However, it is more common among women
To reiterate, liposuction is not an alternative option for weight loss. It is recommended to get rid of the stubborn fat that doesn’t shed easily with dieting and rigorous exercise routines. It doesn’t provide any medical benefit but simply improves the shape of the body.
A person should choose liposuction when they have undesired fat pockets in the following areas-
Back of the neck
Thighs, both inner and other
In addition to enhancing the appearance of the body, liposuction can also treat several medical conditions. These are described below-
Gynecomastia- It is the medical condition in which men develop enlarged breasts or the nipples become puffy due to change in hormone levels.
Lymphedema-This is a chronic condition in which there is a collection of lymph leading to edema. Lymphedema main occurs in the arms or legs. To reduce swelling and other associated symptoms, doctors prescribe undergoing liposuction.
Lipomas- In this disease, the patient develops fatty tumors that are not cancerous in nature.
Lipodystrophy syndrome- People with this syndrome have irregular body shape due to fat accumulation in only one part of the body. With liposuction, the body can have a more natural appearance as the fat is distributed evenly.
Obesity- Obese people who are prone to developing fatal conditions should consider undergoing liposuction to reach 40 percent of their Body Mass Index or BMI.
As medical technology is getting advanced, surgeons are now able to use different techniques to remove excess fat from the body. Each type of liposuction differs from another in the sense that the technology used for fat removal is different.
The most common liposuction techniques available are-
Tumescent liposuction- A cosmetic surgeon injects a chemical solution- ‘tumescent’- before taking out the fat cells. This reduces the chances of bleeding and discomfort. It can also be performed under the influence of anesthesia.
Suction Assisted liposuction- During this type of liposuction, the doctor utilizes a vacuum-like instrument to suck out the fat easily.
Laser-Assisted liposuction- As the name suggests, doctors use laser energy to break the fat cells.
Ultrasound-Assisted Liposuction- In this technique, doctors rely on ultrasound energy to dislodge the fatty cells and dissolve it so that it can be extracted easily. With this procedure, the patient can get rid of a large amount of cells. VASER Liposuction is a type of UAL.
The ideal candidates of Liposuction include-
People who maintain 30% of their ideal body weight
Adults whose skin elasticity is good which means their muscles are firm and toned
People who maintain a healthy lifestyle and are within their normal weight
People who expect realistic results from the surgerya
People who are ready to follow to a healthy lifestyle even after the surgery to achieve the desired goals they have in their mind
Adults who neither smoke nor take drugs
Someone who is not suffering from any health conditions that can interfere with the recovery or cause severe side effects
People who are not satisfied with the results of ayurvedic, allopathic, and non-surgical treatment for losing fat
A crucial step before undergoing the procedure is finding the right clinic. Remember, you have to bear the consequences of liposuction forever as the results are permanent. Hence, getting treated from the right clinic housing the most suitable doctor should be of primary focus.
Check the website thoroughly for the services and corresponding offers they provide.
Go through the doctor’s profiles meticulously to check their experience, specialization and qualifications.
Look up for genuine patient testimonials who got treated from the doctor and clinic.
Inquire about the equipment installed in their world-class clinics.
Talk to the clinic staff including nurses to see their behavior.
Consider the number of services provided under that cost.
Look for the before and after photos for the liposuction procedure.
A couple of times, it becomes difficult for a patient to ask the right questions before the liposuction procedure. Here are some common questions to ask your doctor during the consultation-
Do you possess the necessary certification required to perform liposuction?
How long have you been successfully performing liposuction?
Can you show me the before and after photos of other liposuction patients?
How long does it take to completely recover from liposuction?
What kind of results should I expect after the procedure?
Are the equipment up-to-date?
How much does the entire procedure cost? What are the different financing options available at your clinic?
Do you provide additional instructions to follow after the procedure that guarantees the best results?
Is a follow-up consultation required after liposuction?
Are there any additional benefits that you provide under the quoted cost?
Are there any hospital privileges provided during this procedure? If yes, then at which hospitals?
Is the clinic accredited by a national or state-recognized accrediting agency?
What happens if I am not satisfied with the results of the liposuction procedure?
Preparation is an integral part of liposuction that often patients fail to follow properly. Here are some preparatory steps to take before the liposuction procedure.
Get medically evaluated and complete all diagnostic tests
Adjust or stop taking certain medicines as per doctor’s instructions
Quit smoking or consuming alcohol
Make arrangements to take you to the hospital and back home on the day of surgery
Stop taking aspirin, any herbal supplements, and anti-inflammatory drugs
Here is step-by-step procedure of liposuction-
Step 1- Sedating the patientTo begin the surgery, the patient is either given a general or local anesthesia to make sure there is no pain or discomfort.
Step 2- Making small incisionsThe doctor starts with the surgery by making several small incisions. Through this, a mixture of saline solution and an anesthetic is injected into the fatty area.
Step 3- Inserting the probesDepending on the type of technique the person has decided to undergo for liposuction, the doctor takes the following step.
Dry lipo-The most conventional method of liposuction.
Tumescent lipo- A saline solution is injected into the place and the fat is suctioned through tubes.
Ultrasound-assisted lipo- As it suggests, the cannula energized with ultrasound melts away the stubborn fat.
Power-assisted lipo- With the help of a specialized cannula, the doctor moves to and fo to take out the fat.
Laser lipo- A tube is inserted into the area through the incision that emits laser energy to heat the fat.
VASER Liposuction- The doctor inserts probes that emit ultrasound waves to break the fat cells.
Step 4-Breaking the fat cellsThe fat cells break due to heat or movement or the saline solution, depending on the type, into a liquid form.
Step 5- Sucking out the fat and stitching the incisionsWith the help of tubes or another cannula, the doctor sucks out the excessive fat. It is finished by closing the incisions with sutures or dissolvable glue.
Liposuction is major surgery. Similar to any other surgical procedure, it can cause some side effects and complications. Here are some common risks to look out for-
Reaction to anesthesia
Accumulation of fluid
Numbness of the treated area
Change in skin sensation
Deep vein thrombosis
Damage to other structures such as nerves, blood vessels, muscles, lungs and abdominal organs
Swelling that doesn’t subside
Poor healing of the wound
Looseness of skin or worsening of cellulite
Uneven, wavy or bumpy skin due to poor skin elasticity
Burn or thermal injury due to the cannula movement
Kidney or cardio problems
Generally, patients can resume their daily life on the second day of recovery. However, it is better to take proper rest for a week and then get back to work. The complete recovery takes around 4 weeks. In some cases, it can take more.
In order to reap the complete benefits of liposuctions, it is important to be very careful during the entire recovery period of 21 days. Follow the below-mentioned recovery tips to ensure that the recovery is absolutely complication-free and the aesthetic appearance of the chest is as desired as you want-
For the 21 days of the recovery period, do not perform any kind of vigorous exercise or physical activity.
Do not forget to visit the doctor for the follow-up consultation without fail
With proper consultation, avoid taking part in any contact sports.
Eat a diet that is nutritious but light. This is to prevent constipation and eventually, excessive straining during a bowel movement.
Prevent dehydration of the body at any cost. So, regularly sip on some fluid such as soup, water, broths, etc.
Rest for at least 8-9 hours so that the body can help the wounds fast.
In the initial 2 weeks of the recovery, sleep with the head elevated at a 45-degree angle by putting some extra pillows under the head.
It is common to have the urge of itching around the wounds. But remember to control it.
Make sure that you wear the compression garment 24x7 for 21days to speed up recovery and get the desired results.
Remove the compression garment only if the doctor asks you to do so.
Do not rub or massage the wound area and the surrounding region until the doctor confirms that it is okay to do so.
In the first 24 hours of the recovery, make sure you are extremely careful while moving or bending. In case of pain or discomfort, apply a cold compress.
Tight-fitting clothes can be extremely uncomfortable to wear. Hence, wear loose-fitting cotton clothes with buttons on the front.
Resume taking any dietary supplements or protein shakes only after proper consultation with the doctor.